Twilight swallow up the individuality of the garden, making it lifeless, and the movement on it is unsafe. Skillfully organized highlighting tracks in the country aims to bring the beauty of the surrounding space, and at the same time a sense of comfort, of security. Moreover, nocturnal, familiar places can be very different: mysterious, but no less attractive.
Organizing landscape lighting, it is important to be guided by the following principles:
- For year-round illumination of paths should choose all-season equipment capable of operating in different weather conditions more than one year. Care should not create special problems.
- Highlighting tracks excluding the light balance can cause discomfort. Bathed in the blinding light they do not give the possibility to admire the beautifully decorated tree, a pond or a gazebo.
- Walking through the night garden, people feel more confident if you go in the direction from dark areas to light, so the facade of the house should always appear brighter than other objects.
- Psychological comfort at night provides illumination of boundaries.
Planning decorative lighting garden, it is important not to overdo it, because excess light can destroy the flavor of the night garden – it mystery. The easiest way to place the lights of the same type along the garden paths. This will create a visual reference of the night garden.
Psychologically comfortable lighting tracks — lighting bright enough, but not irritate the eyes
The choice of light source depends on the required power of lighting, weather and seasonal conditions under which to operate the lamp, and the preferred color mode (muted, natural or vivid). Classification of lamps according to the principle of:
- Incandescent bulbs. The light output of such a source only 15лм/W, and it will last only for a thousand hours.
- Halogen lamps work twice as long as incandescent bulbs with little difference in light output.
- Metal halide lamp. Luminous efficiency — 100лм/W. Service life — 12 thousand hours. These bulbs produce light close to natural, but they are strongly heated, so they cannot be placed near the plants.
- Fluorescent lamps need a waterproof housing. Large lamps, such lamps are difficult to operate, and at temperatures below 5°C, they often fail. These lamps emit light reminiscent of the moon. Luminous efficiency — 80лм/W at a lifetime of up to 15 thousand hours.
- Sodium lamps give a bright orange-yellow light. Possess a record light output of 150-200lm/W and a service life of up to 28.5 thousand hours.
- LEDs. Of the emitted light depends on the type of crystal. Luminous efficiency – 160лм/W, lifespan up to 34 years.
Classification on the basis of a lighting system:
- Lights or lamps torterolo type used most often for the main road to the house. They are made in the style of «retro» or «hi-tech». It is important that the light source was below the gaze of a man not blinded by it and do not interfere with the perception of the landscape.
- Marking lighting. Lamps type «bollard» or «light style» not so much light the space, how indicate the direction of movement. They are often used on secondary tracks.
- Glowing paving stones. Led tiles are used in the process of paving in conjunction with paving slabs or stones. It perfectly fulfills the function of backlight.
- Device on solar batteries. These mobile devices have a variety of designs and are used for decorative purposes. Their batteries are charged from the sun, and at night automatically switch to LEDs, working until the morning.
If the lighting tracks in the country will be organized not only based on devices with solar panels, to develop his system be at the initial stage of realization of the landscape project. Hindsight may incur additional costs.
The appearance of the lamps should be in harmony with the design of the surrounding space. The abundance of decorative elements and light tints combined with numerous delights to overwhelm our visual perception and create an irritating feeling of chaos. In this case it is better to do concise or hidden light sources. But simply the landscape can vary from the stylish lamps unusual shape.
LEDs embedded in the tiles perfectly highlight the track, but they need special care
Snail solar powered — decoration of any track, but such models of fixtures still need to look for