Today ask any person, what makes him a Russian village, and they would call the house, oven and a well. In many cases the only source of water in the village well, was the subject of special attention and care. Hence the proverb: «Dig the well deep, standing water high» or «One man digs a well, a thousand people drink water». And known the Council not to spit in it out of context, as the diplomats say – in its original form there was a word «nasty». In the villages around them gathered, discussing the news or just gossip.
Now the old wells are not very presentable, and the center of social life of the village, they have long ceased to be.
We have long been accustomed to the water, and the prospect of somewhere to carry water in buckets pleases not the many. But the memory remained, and gladly decorate their plots with symbols of everyday life bygone era: carts, small windmills, humpbacked bridges and decorative wells. Decorative water – the most popular decorative element of the site, it does not matter you have dug a real Central shaft, drilled a well for water, or just decided to decorate their possessions beautiful «house». The only difference is that the well current is in the place where it is dug or drilled wells, and water source it is necessary to reliably protect (we’re talking «well», but in fact this part is called headroom). Decorative can be any point on the plot.
Let’s talk about what decorative fountains, you can build your own hands and that this requires.
According to the method of raising water there are two types: with collar and the well-crane. In the first case, rope (rope, rope), to which is attached a bucket, attached to the collar, and lifting occurs by winding of the rope on the gate. The second bucket is lowered into the well using a long pole, which acts as a lever.
We consider the scheme with a collar. The lower part of the cap is the top ring of the manhole or pole protruding above ground part of the wooden frame. In most cases it is done in the form of a square, sometimes round build. Over the lower part of the cap on the racks attached gable roof. Rarely, but there are end walls with a round tower. Decorative wells roof can be quite small in size, unlike real. Between the uprights is mounted gates, which secured a rope to lift buckets of water.
The tip may be open (base, uprights and roof) or closed in the form of «house». In open hole well designs post is closed by a lid, in «houses» –the door on one of the roof slopes.
The size of the structure depends on its function (utilitarian, decorative, or a combination) and the preferences of the owner.
Wood is the traditional material for the construction of decorative well. Logs were stacked well in the post and the cap. Carvings adorned the support columns and the roof.
We will start with the more simple designs without carving.
Collect the ground in the shape of a square, a lumber combine «vpoldereva». At the joints for added strength and fix with screws. Top creating an impromptu frame thick boards. The length of the Board should be 200 mm greater than the length of the rail. In the Central Board with the ends pre-cut fret slots for the installation of upright posts. Of the two boards in the Central part do «cover». The length of these boards is ½ the length of the lower boards. Just bring down the boards together. As «handle» lid use any fork of the two branches, pre-clearing branches from the bark.
Stand make from thick branches the same height. Well, if they are with the branches. We cut to the desired length. Insert the drains in the grooves in the Central Board. Roskoshny, cross-beams and rafters are also made of branches, connecting with screws. The crate will go waste Board. Sheathe the roof with two rows of short boards. The top row is placed overlapping on the bottom. Skate we have two boards connected back to back. On the boards do «notch». These vypily should be irregular in shape. In the end «skate» nailed crosswise four short piece of old cutting. These pieces will be over «skate».
Saw a small log in half, each half selected by the chisel groove. In the groove put the metal rod connecting the two halves of the logs and fix the two sides of the metal strip. Drilled on one side «gate» four holes and firmly insert the remnants of the cutting. The ends of the rod is threaded into the holes in the uprights. Gates ready.
Cover all wooden parts with a protective tinted composition. Fasten and wrap the gate a thick rope, which bind the bucket. Useful old bucket from the bath. About wonderful decorative well, which we have produced with your own hands, we arrange amusing figures of animals. Toadstools and the old stump here, too, will be in place. It was a real village well. This impression is reinforced by the lack of symmetry in its upper part that we needed.
The complete opposite of the decorative element made of the fact, «what was at hand», wells are built of logs.
View connection logs «in a bowl» (a simple bowl of palpina).
Here is an example of design headroom in the form of imitation of the log with the connection logs «in a bowl». The log structure is on a square brick base. Special beauty well give a decorative carved pillars and carved crossbar instead of the goal. The gable roof is decorated with carved details on the ridge side and the eaves. The sheathing of the roof shot down from the figure of the fence, as a roofing cover Board used. Very well chosen combination of two colors yellow and brown. This color scheme painted all parts of the structure. The main difficulty would be in making carved details, this would require a lathe and jigsaw.
This decorative water has carved elements. It «takes» its impressive massive views. Of the logs are connected «in a bowl». Used an interesting technique to use the upper crowns log logs of different lengths. Gable roof on two racks of thick logs. Roofing – soft tile.
Please note that the house in the background is difficult, too of logs. It turns out that the owners erected all the buildings on the property in the same style.
The decorative base of the well may be in the form of six – and octagon.
Another great material for building decorative the well – stone (cobblestone, slate, gravel) and brick. If you choose to use brick, it is an interesting option would be the headroom of the aged brick. The basis of such decorative designs round shape.
The main ways of building stone ornamental structure. The easiest to take concrete ring and using a special tile adhesive for exterior stone ring with pebble, stone, slate.
There are special varnishes for the stone. You can withstand the stonework of a decorative well in one color or create patterns.
The second way is stone or brickwork. For masonry, the lack of perfect geometry will not be critical. But the brick should try to fold a round.
As a roofing material to use can be virtually anyone – from straw to soft tiles.
These materials are often used for the manufacture of headroom. Metal parts in the sun are extremely hot, and plastic, so firmly included in our everyday life, not very organic look in the details of the wells. And was not familiar with it our ancestors.
You have very fascinating work. Do not worry if at first something does not work. Will not work the first time, be sure to do that next. No gods pots fired! Decorate your new decorative well you can flowers and plants. And for some masterpieces no «additional» decoration is not required!