Acquisition of land for the construction of a holiday home is a joyous event. Surely its owner a lot of plans and want to immediately start to implement them. But where to start? You should start with the planning area. Because you know where exactly to draw the house, outbuildings and other facilities, construction of which is scheduled. Most likely, the plot will be garden, flower beds and perhaps a pond or pool. In order for this to post correctly, efficiently using all the available territory, you need to know how to plan the site of a country house.
Well-written plan is essential for any site, regardless of its size and shape. If this is not done, during construction and laying out of gardens and flowerbeds you may find that objects are irrational: there are hard to reach «pockets», which in the future will have to be empty. If something happens to alter without significant cost, when supplying capital structures will have to make significant financial and labor costs.
Plan is essential in the regeneration of each plot, regardless of its size: only in this case, each object will keep its place
The plan of organization of the site will take into account in advance the location of the capital construction facilities and temporary buildings, the location of fruit trees and shrubs, flower beds and so on. The scheme, drawn up taking into account the wishes of all family members, will help to calculate in advance the amount of funds that will be needed for its implementation. In addition, carefully rozplanowany area allows you a little glimpse into the future. For example, to provide a Playground or a place for the car.
Proper layout of the plot allows to save on the costs of energy and water supply and drainage, heating and irrigation area. Residential buildings will be oriented so that they present natural lighting, but it was not hot from the scorching summer heat. The Playground is sure to be seen from the kitchen window so children can be supervised, even if the mother is preparing dinner.
When planning, particular attention should be given to the Playground. It should always be in sight of adults, to be quite shaded and lit
However, some rules of the location of objects on the site are strictly regulated and do not depend on the wishes of the owner. They just need to know to further avoid any misunderstandings, and to follow them strictly. The individual nuances of this issue will be addressed in a video that is in the end of this article.
When planning a suburban area it is necessary to consider many different factors. For example, significant influence may form allotment buildings, which are located close to it, as well as the characteristics of the area. In particular, it is very important the location of your land.
Not all areas have a traditional rectangular shape. There is, for example, and triangular. But proper planning can turn this disadvantage into a advantage
Be sure to consider on a hill is land in the valley, is there nearby any body of water. It would be nice to know what was before and perhaps, once this was a forest or it is just a piece of the steppe plains. Considering these important circumstances, even on a small plot of land you can put all the planned facilities.
Special attention should be paid to the following factors:
- The topography of the area. How smooth you got put on what the surrounding landscape may depend on the location of utilities, location of the main house and necessary outbuildings.
- The type of soil. Soil in Russia can be different. Meet light and fertile, on which to grow different plants. Can get sandy or heavy clay, and loam. If the soil «poor», her have a lot of maintenance, and in some cases have to bring to the site a special fertile soil.
- The shape of the plot. Not all areas are rectangular, although such shape and is considered to be traditional. Plots can even be triangular or in the shape of «G».
- Water. It is important to consider not only the proximity of the ground water, but the presence of groundwater, level. If groundwater is located close to the surface of the earth, have to install a drainage system.
- Phase position to the horizon.
A place in the garden should be chosen based on the topography of the surface of the earth. It depends on which direction the water will drain after rain or melting snow. Take into account the possible impact on planting spring flood.
The complex relief of the plot often defies correction, but the negative effects arising from changes in surface levels can and should be prevented
Using the information obtained about your land allotment, you can prevent some of the negative effects. For example, for leveling the surface anywhere we can remove the soil, but where, on the contrary, to pour. In advance it is possible to take care of the gutters or pavings in buildings.
The slopes can be strengthened through the placement of terraces, stairs, special slopes or retaining walls. Sometimes in order to grow plants on a bumpy surface, it is necessary to use a vertical layout.
It is important to consider the way in which the site is located relative to the cardinal directions. It depends on proper placement of objects, allowing to use the features of lighting wear throughout the daylight hours. For example, if large trees and buildings placed on the North side of the station, then falling from them, the shadow will not have a negative impact on other green spaces.
Most of the Windows of the house should be facing South or South-East, which allows maximum use of natural daylight in all rooms
The house should be oriented facade to the South. Then to his rooms will be full of light from dawn to dusk.
Do not neglect the reasonable traditions: leave between the front of your home and the street is a small plot of land for the garden. This piece of land, filled with flowers and green plants will perform only a decorative function. It will protect the house from dust and street noise.
The presence of garden is not only beautiful, but also reasonable, because green spaces are a natural barrier to noise and dust, which penetrate from the outside
We think globally, so at this stage not to get stuck on details. For that, the whole area zone in accordance with their functional purpose.
Splitting the site into zones – zoning – is fundamental, the details of the plan will be developed in the next phase
So, we have to highlight:
- Residential area. Here is located the main building – the house and any additional structures that are attached to it. It can be a garage, terrace, summer kitchen, etc.
- A relaxation area. Better to relax away from the outbuildings. We need to choose a place close to home, but in the end of the section is hidden from the view of strangers.
- Area of the garden. For this purpose you need to choose a well-lit place that is convenient for watering. It will be possible to compactly place the shrubs, fruit trees and garden beds.
- The economic area. This work area. It must be located in the opposite area the end. Here we concentrate outbuildings, premises for keeping of animals and poultry (chicken coop, rabbitry, etc.).
The largest of all can be considered as the area of the garden. It takes about half or even large part of the entire allotment. For housing, usually removed about 1/10 of the whole territory. Slightly more space is occupied by the outbuildings. If the remaining space seem to be insufficient for the arrangement of rest areas, to increase this area by garden or business area.
When a major zoning has completed, you can draw and plan details.
Say you have your dreams ahead of financial capacity. This is a common situation, but to despond it is not necessary. Apply to plan everything that should appear on your site, regardless of whether you’re ready to these expenses today or not.
There will come a time when new spending will become easy for you, then it will be possible to implement what is conceived, in full. It is important to include in the plan, and then follow it strictly. If you constantly change your mind over time you can make sure that the area was disorder.
At the stage of detail on the site plan appear not only concrete objects, but also begin to develop their options, made on a scale
Calculate the parameters for future buildings, it is necessary using the scale to put their outlines on graph paper. The more detailed the plan, the more accurate will be his incarnation, and the less mistakes will be committed in the process of its implementation.
In addition to the buildings, it is necessary to draw all the elements of other zones. For example, to mark fences, paths, break the future of the garden and flower beds. Try track make a convenient. Not necessarily that they were straight. Smooth curves will give them a more natural look. At the same time and your site will get rid of banality. In addition, the plan must apply all of the proposed site, both tracks needs to obtain not only the direction but also the width.
Do not try to make tracks in your area perfectly straight, you yourself will be uncomfortable to use them, and you will round the corners and spoil the lawns
You can now allocate space for trees and shrubs. Let the plan they will have the form of circles of the appropriate size. To determine the types of plantings, take the Handbook and select those plants that correspond to the location of your residence. This will help to estimate initial and future costs of landscaping of the site.
The largest trees should be located in a remote from home part of the site. The area can be surrounded by decorative deciduous shrubs that bloom beautifully. Along the tracks you can plant dwarf conifers or berry shrubs, e.g. hawthorn. From the intended direction of the winds planted plants with large leaves and dense foliage.
Despite what gardening zone is assigned the largest territory area to abuse the tree planting is not: they need space for growth and development
For flower beds looking for the most sunlit place. Pay attention to the entrance area, a relaxation area and a space in close proximity to home. If this plot was already home, then the garden under vegetables and berries are best left to those places where they have been. The reason is simple: the earth in this place for quite abiogen and it will be enough only to fertilize in a timely manner. If you went to virgin, make the beds between the Seating area and outbuildings.
As the flower beds, the garden also does not have to have the correct rectangular shape. As you can see, a round bed of green, broken into sectors, comfortable and original
Next, you will define locations for vertical gardening. The plan should receive the trellis, pergolas and arches. Define a place for them so that they could not only be a decoration, but also hid from the eyes is needed, but not always quite the beautiful structure of the economic purpose.
At the final stage of the plan need to take care of places for small architectural forms of light and portable containers in which you place beautiful ornamental plants.
Objects vertical landscaping must also be shown on the site plan of a country house: they give the site extra charm and necessary for growing climbing plants
Now, when all that you have in mind, placed on your virtual site, make sure that objects do not interfere with each other. Should not be empty or «blind» cavern. Each meter of the territory should benefit you to continue to delight you. Do not worry if during the implementation of that plan, he will undergo some adjustment. This is acceptable. But still try to follow what is scheduled.
Some of the secrets of the planning area can be found in video:
One of the factors that affect the planning area, is selected by its owner style. Of course, a single style, which will be subordinated to the facilities of the site, will inevitably be reflected in its planning. For example, if the design provided for a Japanese garden of stones or the well in the Russian style, they must necessarily find a place on the plan.
Of course, especially the style in which it will be your site affect inventory, the number and location of objects on the territory
Unity in the design of the site of a country house can be achieved another ingenious way: to use a single geometric form when creating different objects. For example, pond, Playground, flower bed and lawn to form a square, rhombus or circle. Then the same geometric shape to repeat in the design of arbors, fences and window bars. To implement this original idea without a plan is simply impossible.
Additional information about the planning area can be obtained from the video: