Describing a cottage or vacation home, we we pay much attention to its interior decoration. But the first impression of your house largely depends on how it looks from the outside. In addition, the exterior finishing has a significant impact on the safety of the house, its durability, and how comfortable you may be living in it. The decoration of the house siding is in high demand among homeowners. About the reasons of such popularity, the General principles of this type of finish and how the look of the house, covered with siding, we want to tell you.
From the cladding on the house siding, completely changing his appearance and, of course, produced their impression. The building looks completed. Now it is fully consistent with the style in which it was originally intended. Veneer allows you to not only insulate the building but also protect it from wind, rain and snow.
Thanks to the siding of any building becomes well-groomed and respectable. In addition, this finishing material — excellent protection for the house
The use of siding for the cladding of the cottage allows you to save your finances and the time spent in exterior finishing work. In addition, this material has good operational characteristics and resistance to external influences. Its application allows to combine the procedure of warming the house with its exterior finish.
This material is so varied in texture and coloring that for any cottage or cottages is always a suitable option. Another unquestionable advantage of the siding is easy to care for him. simply from time to time to wash.
We can assume that all the houses covered with siding, are similar to each other, but it’s not. First, the individual characteristics of the buildings gives the color scheme you choose its owners. Second, the significant role and varied texture of the finishing material.
Perhaps it is the vinyl panel received special attention of buyers. This siding can have a smooth surface or to simulate wood, brick and even natural stone. PVC panels really represent very diverse.
Vinyl siding presents a particularly diverse: it may have a smooth or textured surface to delight bright and contrasting colors
This material has many useful qualities that ensure a high demand for it:
- affordable price;
- light weight panels, which greatly simplifies the procedure of installation;
- the durability of the material: it is able to last for more than 50 years;
- environmentally friendly;
- a wide range of this product is able to satisfy customers with various queries.
Operation of vinyl siding is allowed at temperatures from 50 degrees to 50 degrees below zero. But this material has a high sensitivity to temperature changes.
Using vinyl panels for cladding buildings, it is necessary to consider the coefficient of linear expansion of the material when heated. Otherwise, panels can be deformed by an abrupt change in temperature.
Another nice feature of PVC panels is the ability to combine them with other material. With a ground siding, for example
When more about plastics in the market of building materials are not even heard, for covering houses used wood siding. It is still considered the most noble and expensive cladding material.
Modern wood siding – it is not quite wood. These panels incredibly smooth surface are obtained by extrusion at high temperature of a mixture of wood fibers and polymers
In addition to environmental cleanliness, which is an indisputable advantage of this material, it has other positive qualities.
- a high level of strength;
- good performance of thermal insulation;
However, wood has its drawbacks. Today it is unreasonably expensive. So it lasts longer, it must be treated with antiseptics and flame retardants. He needs in the painting. However, wood can warp from excess moisture and in a number of other reasons. And serve such a casing is much less than vinyl.
If you think you see the front of the house, decorated with wood, you are mistaken. Is it a clever imitation — metal siding
Today, this type of siding is practically out of use because it is easier and safer to use materials that can simulate wood.
Often the market will meet and cement siding. In the manufacture of this building material is not only the cement of high quality, and small elastic fibers of cellulose, which is added to the solution. Typically, this material mimics stone and not inferior to him in technical and decorative qualities. House with similar paneling is highly respectable.
Decorated cement siding, look particularly respectable. This is a solid material that requires special strength of the building frame
Undoubted advantages of this covering material are:
- its high reliability and durability;
- the material is geometrically stable and does not depend on the change of temperature regimes;
- resistance to influence of various natural factors like rain, snow, direct sunlight;
- this material does not rot, is fireproof, it does not need to handle from mold and mildew;
- cement lining can be easily repaired without dismantling.
The disadvantage of this material is its costly installation. First, heavy cement siding is not so easy to mount. Secondly, in the process of assembling uses a special tool, which cut panel. In this process, the formed silicon dust. So she doesn’t get into the lungs, you need to use protection.
Unlike vinyl siding, cement finishing geometry of the material never changes and does not depend on the temperature regime
To support the weight of the cladding material, the building frame should have high strength.
And ceramic siding is used not so often. It is made on the basis of the silicate materials with the addition of fibrovolokno. On the workpiece is applied a special hiperbarica consisting of a silicon-acrylic and inorganic dyes. Subsequently, the product is subjected to tempering, in which is formed the ceramic surface.
This expensive ceramic siding produced in Japan. It is original, beautiful and durable, but they are faced with the house should also have a certain margin of safety
This lining material has a high resistance to the effects of precipitation and solar radiation. The coating does not tarnish, does not respond to vibration.
The advantages of this material lies in its:
- exceptional sound and thermal insulation;
- undemanding to care;
- strength, incombustibility, and durability.
The disadvantages of this material are the same as those of the products of cement, this heavy veneer requires a reinforced frame house. The ceramic material itself is expensive and its installation is also expensive.
Ceramic siding is not lit, though when it is created and used asbestos. It has excellent insulating properties and prevents the occurrence of condensation, which can reduce the strength of the building
After vinyl, metal siding, perhaps, be called the second most popular. It is used for covering not only residential buildings, but public buildings. This material is made from steel, aluminium and zinc:
- Steel. Steel panels or painted using a special powder, or covered with a polymer layer. While the protective coating is not broken, the panel is well protected against corrosion. This material does not burn, is highly durable and decorative, easy to install. Its disadvantages are poor sound and thermal insulation properties.
- Zinc. This material appeared on the market recently and are not very popular due to the high cost. The surface of these panels has a grey or black color. Zinc siding has the main advantages of steel.
- Aluminium. Aluminium panels are practically not subject to corrosion and are lightweight. Their durability appropriate to use in those places where the polymer coating of steel panels may peel off from the substrate, that is, where the panels have to be cut. It is expensive material that is easily deformed in violation of the conditions of its transportation.
The metal siding is often used for forming a design in the style of hi-tech. However, high demand does not mirror panels and imitation wood beams. There are panels that depict a wooden frame. This siding is very similar to the logs called «block house».
Siding made of metal can represent not only the wood but also brick, for example. The fact that it is still siding, confirms the reflected light from the surface of the wall to the left of the photo
Metal siding successfully creates an illusion of log house — block house. The result is a beautiful and durable structure that does not require special care
The panel, which is used for plating base, made from highly durable polymers. In the process of their production are used a variety of supplements and high blood pressure. The surface of the ground siding replicates the look of natural materials: stone and wood.
For finishing cap, use the siding, which has a high level of durability. Sometimes it is used in combination with other types of walls
The base of any building needs to be protected very durable coating. After all, he is in direct contact with the surface of the earth, is exposed to mechanical stress and are exposed to excess moisture. Basement panels are specially made thicker and more durable than wall. They can be mounted on a simple crate.
Additional benefits of this finishing material is its rich colors, good insulation properties, high strength and decoration. Thanks to its reinforced structure, such material has improved performance, but it costs more.
Ground siding – beautiful material. For this reason it is sometimes used not only for facing of socle, but also for the exterior of the entire structure
Wall siding is varied. It can be used to give the building a view corresponding to different styles. It may look like a castle, made of stone, like brick building and even as a frame of logs. This provides not only a decorative home, but its insulation.
How to choose a wall and blind stitch the siding, you will tell this video:
To calculate the need for siding, it is enough to remember the geometry that we all learned in high school. Mentally divide the surface to be lined, rectangles, and triangles. Knowing the formula of the square of these figures, we expect the total space we have to work with. Final coverage values determined, after excluding from the calculated total area of walls, area of Windows and doors.
In the calculation it is necessary to take not only the siding, which will cover the walls, but also various trims, window and other necessary installation elements
Now we have to determine how many panels we need to perform the planned work. Panel siding is produced in different widths and lengths. Determine the area of a single panel and divide by it just calculated the amount of material that we will cover. Get the required number of panels. Please note that when choosing the size of panel we need to take care of waste minimisation, which will inevitably arise in the process of cutting. For waste is added to the obtained quantity of the material to 10%.
In addition to the main panels for cladding will need the following materials:
- starting bar — with its installation the installation of the siding. The need for it is determined by dividing the entire outside perimeter of the house for the length of one plank.
- corner trims — the number of inner and outer corners of the house is determined by counting their number on the sheathed surface. If the structure is higher than the length of the corner straps, the demand for them increases accordingly.
- connecting straps — they are necessary when the wall of the house longer than panel siding. Determining the need for them is carried out individually.
- finishing Planck — install it horizontally at the conclusion of the veneer, as well as under Windows.
- window profile — the calculation of this element is individually.
When the facing material is prepared to work, you need to collect in one place all the necessary tools.
All the tools that are necessary to master should always be at hand. For this purpose often use a special belt
We will need:
- ruler, square, tape measure;
- hacksaw with fine teeth or an angle grinder equipped with a round metal;
- furniture stapler and a hammer to work with wooden crate;
- screwdriver and screws;
- metal scissors, awl, knife;
- level 1.5 meter, water level, plumb
- pencil for construction works or chalk.
Don’t forget that at the top level will be needed or scaffolding, or stairs.
Installation of siding impossible without sheathing. The walls of the structure become perfectly smooth. As frame crates used wooden beams or special metal profile. Preference should be given to the profile, because he long retains its performance properties.
1-Insulation, 2 – Anchor for insulation materials, 3 – Wall, 4 – Waterproofing and wind protection, and the 5 Additional elements, 6 – Mounting bracket QC with departures from 55 to 230 mm, 7 – Mounting l-shaped profile 40×40
As a rule, the distance between the guide frame is 50 cm — 1 meter. The actual step depends on the characteristics of the building and width of the applied insulation that will be mounted between the rails. The blocks of the frame must be present whenever it is docked panels located around the openings of Windows and doors.
To adjust the temperature in the house in the heat and cold insulation needs. You can choose different insulation, but the most acceptable is mineral wool made of basalt fiber. It helps to keep the inside home temperature comfort. In addition, this fireproof material. A significant drawback is it has only one Wat can interact with moisture.
In order to protect the cotton from moisture, apply a waterproofing layer. When mineral wool is fixed around the window, it should be cut with a small overlap on the actual size of the opening.
The details of the process veneer siding can be seen on the video:
And we invite you to see photos trimmed with a variety of siding of homes so you can see how attractive they become.
Different shades of beige in combination with white – the most common colors for houses, lined with vinyl siding
As the main colors used are light green, which is surrounded by white siding. In General, the house looks very neat and pretty
The classic combination of black with white is a stylish option that is also embodied in exterior trim with siding
More restrained and aristocratic looks, the color combination beige with dark brown. This house seemed to embody stability
The unusual combination of lilac and deep red evokes a positive attitude and perfectly complements the surrounding landscape, the white color indicates the contours of the structure
Siding stone not only residential houses, but public buildings. And this pharmacy, is faced with metal siding that imitates timber, confirmation
Neat two-storey building is faced with brown metal siding, which successfully simulates brickwork. The cottage looks stylish and solid
Another building as a finishing material which is applied ground siding, is visible proof of how different products represent common word — siding