Since the beginning of the fall holiday season is coming to ancompletion. And the hosts work - even to his ears. After all, at this time, and harvested, and prepared the ground for the winter, and shrubs that are planted, then dig. In short, the fall in the garden and orchards quite tense. Well, if the weather is mercy, and a couple of weeks will give the Indian summer. But more often it happens that begins long rains, which fades into the cold. Therefore, no kitchen garden is not necessary to postpone, or may simply not complete it in time.
In early September, the focus hoststakes the orchard. They poured apples, pears, which should be removed in time to winter varieties could lie until spring. But how do you know that the fruit is ready to harvest? Externally - no way. It is necessary to disrupt one apple (pear) from each tree and cut. Inside the fruit has seeds. According to their application and determine the degree of ripeness of the fruit. If the seeds still white, so pluck the harvest early. Completely brown seeds indicate that the owner missed the point. The fruits have time to enter into full maturity and stored for a long time will not. But light brown seeds - this is the most opportune moment to collect. As a rule, these terms fall to mid-September, but the dry summer is better to start with a seed testing beginning of the month (every 3 days).
can not be determined, it is at any stage of ripening of apple appearance. It is necessary to cut it and examine the color of the seeds
If the timeline tighten, some varieties of applescan fly in one night, when the powerful start to rain or strong wind. Ripe apple too weak hold on the stalk, so do not be late with the cleaning, otherwise you may miss out on fruits in the winter.
Keeping quality of fruit is also dependent on the correctness of theirremoval. Do not cling to the apple with your fingers and pull it down that there are forces. Firstly, it will be difficult to break away, as you collect the fruits while they are still not quite ripe, and therefore, hold fast to the stalk. And while you pull the fingers to guide the pulp dents, which after a time begin to rot. Secondly, the pulling force with a branch, you can cause the collapse of neighboring apples.
Properly remove the fruit as follows: gently grasping the bottom with your fingers and make an easy leap up at the same time twisting the apple. In this way the fruit break much more easily and are not damaged.
If the tree is high, the role of the fingers should beperform a special nozzle that is attached to a long stick. You can simply cut the bottom of a plastic bottle, nail it to the end of a stick and use it as a bowl for removal.
Since the second half of the month begin to fertilize the trees, scattering the ashes on the pit bottom circles. Over the summer, the rains brought in soil too much nitrogen and ash can restore the balance.
In late September begins garden pruning and planting young seedlings of fruit. However, heat-loving trees (peach, apricot), it is better to plant in spring, in order to avoid freezing of the roots.
In September, autumn work in the garden begin withthe total potato harvest. All grades should be removed before the onset of the rainy season, because the wet harvest will not be stored. The signal for the beginning of the digging is dried up tops. When cleaning immediately sort out seed potatoes to hold it a little on the light. The most convenient way to spread the tubers in the barn for a few days, so they turned green. Such seeds are better kept and are not damaged by fungal infections. The rest of the potatoes immediately after harvesting hide in a dark basement. We can not allow its greenness, because the tubers are poisonous.
Potatoes, which in the spring will go to planting, harvested directly into a separate container, and after a few days kept in the light, so that he turned green
All unharvested tomatoes should be removed from the bushes tothe onset of the night cold. Even at five? gentle peel tomatoes experiences shock and begins to burst, and hence, healthy vegetable is not ripen. All removed tomatoes laid out in boxes, not holding each other.
Desirably, the boxes lying one beside the container but if not, then no more than two high. So you will save the bottom row of the pressure, and ripened tomatoes begin to burst
We check the condition of cabbage heads. If it's been a lot of rain, the cabbage can crack. Avoid this helps a little trick: we must each cabbage pull out of the ground to communicate tore roots. Power disturbed, and the moisture will cease to act rapidly.
Cabbage is not afraid of frost, so it was removed last. But that it is not cracked from moisture, it is necessary to undermine the roots
By the middle of last month, spend fertilizing strawberries.
In October, continuing replant young trees and shrubs, planting is carried out the division thickened. Until the cold-resistant, it is necessary to plant a permanent place of raspberries, gooseberries and currants.
defoliation begins this month, and should betime to clean up all fallen leaves. It like to hide in the winter fruit pests, so the garden should be cleaned completely. All the collected leaf litter tamp humus in heaps, where it will eventually turn into fertilizer. Before frosts the trees a little fed potassium and phosphorus, and then loosen tree trunks. A loose soil frost is more difficult to get to the roots, as it does not let the air.
Do not leave in the garden of fallen leaves, or beneath it all winter will quietly spend the winter garden pests and fungal diseases
In October, the garden is sure to spend whitewash to destroy pests that are going to spend the winter in the bark and trunks to protect against sunburn
To prevent damage to young trees voles, to the bottom end of the month to wrap the trunks with roofing material, metal mesh or other material that will not damage the rodents.
Autumn Horticultural work in the country to an endit is in October. During this month you have to clean up all that still awaits its time in the earth. Beets, carrots, radishes, turnips, daikon, etc. By the end of the month come stable frost, can destroy the upper part of the roots, so try to clean up their offensive.
Once the beds cleaned, should taketops and dig under the winter garden. Do not break the lumps of land raised cultivator or shovel. So they are deeply be frozen, destroying pests frost.
Garlic planted in late October, when it's more than a week will be cold weather (about 5 degrees)
Once the air temperature in stoppedDistrict 5 ?, it is time podzimnego sowing. Plant garlic, onion sets, carrot seeds, beets, celery. Just increase the number of seeds in the hope that some of them vymerznut.
With the onset of November begin resistantcold. As soon as the weather forecast announced by the first frost, it is necessary to impose a community near barrel compost or peat, making a layer of 5 cm. This will allow the tree safely through the winter.
On the first snow, check if there are any traces of mice. If they are found, look at the snow mink and vsypte to poison.
While not the snow fell, it is necessary zamulchirovat allseeds that will winter in the soil, including garlic cloves and onion with heads. They can be covered with straw, peat layer of compost or leaves collected from the garden.
All compost heaps hide under the film, in order toyour garden is not fixed on the winter mouse. Under tight coating is an active decomposition of plant remains, and rodents will not live in this stench.
When autumn work at their summer cottage completed - wish the garden and the kitchen garden of sweet dreams, and you can safely go to his dacha.