Even at the design stage or country cottagesHouse for permanent residence should think about the water system, because to live without clean, safe water is not possible. The most common source is a borehole or well, it is much more rare - an open pond or a central pipe. Due to the damaged ecology even underground reserves has become dangerous to use as drinking water, so be sure to make sure that the system has become an integral part of the water filter to give, even if you spend in the country only on weekends.
To begin, consider three types of filtration,familiar for use in urban environments. Each of them can be useful and in the country as a holiday home in the modern sense - a fully furnished home, with elaborate water supply system and the usual points of analysis - faucets.
His popularity plastic container with handle and built-in filter has earned thanks to the low price: products of different firms have a cost ranging from 300 to 1600 rubles.
Clean water filter jug as follows: the liquid is poured into the upper part, it passes through the filter and flows into the lower part, where it can be discharged through the spout
We can say that the degree of purification of water in a jugsatisfactory since it only delays the visible particles suspended, rust, chlorine, but does not remove all impurities. From time to time you need to change cartridges (100-300 rubles), a resource which is from 200 to 700 liters. Pitcher good for uncomfortable houses, which has no running water, so you can not use other filtration methods.
Small water filters at the cottage ofmetallized plastic not so long ago were the favorite devices thanks to its ease of use: bought a small cartridge, secure it to the tap spout, and you use a specific time as the resource will not work and does not require replacement. Nozzles are used on all types of cranes, winding on the thread of the spout, attached with special clips or just setting next to the sink. water purification level slightly higher than that of the pitchers, but still not perfect. The filter cleans the water quality from rust, chlorine and lime. Cartridges with the ion exchange resin is reduced stiffness. Plus tips - budgeted cost, minus - inadequate quality of cleaning. Moreover, filters are not suitable for all cranes. The water purified in the filter adapter summer conditions, you must be sure to boil.
Single-stage filter "Barrier Optima" do not need to cheat on a crane, it is sufficient to establish close and connected by a thin tube
Perhaps the best option is not water purificationonly in urban areas but also in the country. The filtration system is so qualitatively retains impurities and bacteria that can make clean and healthy water from any source. If the country house constructed water supply, installation of filters with difficulty will arise. Typically, a "soft" compound, that is, flexible hoses, which can be connected if you want to own.
The main advantage of systems "under the sink" in a multi-stage cleaning. Some kits disinfected water in four stages:
- 1 - rough treatment, during which removes the largest particles - a grain of sand, soil components;
- 2 - fine purification, detaining the smallest impurities, invisible to the naked eye;
- 3 - absorption filter that destroys microorganisms that are harmful to human health;
- 4 - a filter that reduces the content of iron and lime.
By setting such a filtering system at the villa kitchen, you can not worry about the welfare of the household: water in its properties will be equal bottled.
Filter Cost "under the sink" depends on the number of stages of filtration, manufacturer and model. The cheapest products cost 2000 rubles, the most expensive - about 15,000 rubles
To filter water from underground sourcesThere is special equipment, whose main purpose - to delay the calcium salt, hydrogen sulfide, iron, magnesium content of which exceeds health standards. Multi-stage systems purify water, producing the following functions:
- mechanical cleaning;
- decrease in hardness;
- removal of iron and rust;
- the use of sorption filters.
Very often in the water from the well is presentiron taste. Get rid of it will help the filters, which are divided into two categories: the reagent and reagentless. use special chemicals are the first category of products in water purification - reagents. Special filler based brine removes excess iron.
Water from the well system: 1 - the first mechanical filter cleaning; 2 - aeration equipment for the iron oxidation; 3 - filter to remove iron; 4 - Auto filter for mitigation; 5 - sorption filter; 6 -zaklyuchayuschy filter; 7 - ultraviolet sterilizer; 8 - aeration compressor; 9 - Relay
One of the most effective methods for the preparation of pure water- Reverse osmosis system. If you use it in the country, you can get the water meets all standards for drinking. With this system removes heavy metals, bacteria, pesticides, radionuclides that may be contained in reservoirs of different origin and location.
If there was an unpleasant smell, it should bebe cleaned from hydrogen sulfide - a toxic substance. It is best to cope with this problem aeration plant, which is answerable volatile gases, letting the water for further filtering of iron. To remove the excess of magnesium, calcium, manganese, used filters are loaded with ion-exchange resins. Sodium, being composed of resin binds salts harmful components, making the water softer and more useful.
Another method of cleaning, replacingHarmful chlorination - oblucheenie ultraviolet rays. Disinfection makes sterile water free of bacteria and pathogens.
Combined filtration system to give inthe structure have all or some of these filters, which is converted from liquid reservoirs and wells in a clean, useful, harmless water.
Consider some of the most famous brands of filtration equipment, which are suitable for holiday use.
"Aquaphor" The company produces a variety of devicestypes, from primitive to sophisticated multi pitchers complexes. If you want a simple equipment with a well designed instruction - should buy one of the latest developments "Aquaphor": high quality cleaning, the price is average.
One of the proposals of the company "Aquaphor" - pre-treatment systems throughout the country house, which guarantee high quality water at all points of analysis: in the bathroom, bathroom, kitchen
Apparatus for water purification "Geyser" for more than 30s delight customers excellent functionality and ease of use. Some filtration systems are equipped with reverse osmosis equipment, which ensures clean water, not inferior spring.
One of the best options from the manufacturer of the brand "Geyser" - a three-step filter "Geyser - 3", which is the water from any source is able to transform into drinking
Many cottages are connected to the water townshiptowers or their water use relatively clean water from private wells. Of course, to buy expensive and complex filtration system would be more than enough budget options, one of those that offers the company "Barrier." The basic assortment - nozzle filters and "pitchers".
Pitchers "Barrier" popular with gardeners because of inexpensive cost and ease of maintenance. The average price of the product in the online store - 400-500 rubles
There are also more sophisticated equipment, which is being improved every day.
Recall and about foreign guests, includingIt may be noted the US firm «Ecowaters System», has been doing for a little less than a century the powerful cleaning system. All models have high performance and long-term use. The only negative - not everyone is happy with the price.
Most Ecowater models using water treatment ion exchange technology, and are equipped with fully automated control with remote control unit
There are many more brands involvedfiltration equipment, but not all of them can be useful to the country. Before buying a purification system deficiencies of water used must be identified in order to pick up the filter and not overpay for unnecessary equipment correctly.