Own cozy pond - this is the dream of anysummer resident, who paints an idyllic picture in the imagination with crystal clear smooth surface reflects the sun glare. But we must not forget that any pond bloom quickly and dirty, and before Truckers question arises - how to carry out cleaning of the pond and a small pond? After all, only meticulous care guarantees you a clean, clear pond with healthy inmates.
Sometimes, water pollution can be attributed toviolation of the waterproofing system. Concreted the bottom or the walls may crack, and begins to fall through the cracks of the soil. The main reason for the appearance of cracks can be ground subsidence or improper preparation of concreted solution.
Eliminate leak, seal cracks with sealant in two layers - the pond is now sealed
To resolve this issue you need to drainpond, clean the cracks and paint over them with sealant in two layers. For large lesions, it is necessary to clean them and paint over putty first, and then a second layer of sealant. But such repair is not a guarantee that the concrete base of the pond will not crack again. The surest way to eliminate leaks - is laying special plastic mold.
The appearance of greenery on the pond surfaceIt is becoming one of the major problems to care for him. Smooth surface of water begins to turn green because of the proliferation of small algae. Algae only impairs the appearance of the water body, but do not harm its inhabitants. Cleaning ponds of algae should be carried out regularly, chemical, biological or mechanical means.
Mechanically remove the algae can be usingrake, winding and pulling them ashore. The biological method involves planting along the banks of the pond plants, contributing shading and creating unfavorable conditions for the growth of algae. The chemical method is more radical and involves the use of special substances - algaecides or dyes.
Each type of drug acts on a specific plant, so you can get rid of some species without affecting other
Cleaning ponds and reservoirs with specialfilters the most convenient and effective way. Enough to put a cleaning filter pump and flush it out periodically. Filters are like ordinary mud, cleansing water from large debris and sludge, and trickling filters with a UV lamp, which prevent the proliferation of harmful bacteria and help to prevent fish diseases.
The principle of cleaning the filter consists of a suction and filtering water through skimmers, filtering debris from the bottom and the surface of the pond.
The filter is, of course, helps. But to use it you need to bring energy, but it is not always possible
Here's how you can make the filter own:
Cleaning the pond with his hands possible withspecial vacuum cleaner that collects garbage, both from the surface of the pond, as well as from the bottom. The principle of operation of the vacuum cleaner consists of a water suction filtration through a filter and output already purified water through the hose on the other side.
Cleaning the pond of silt carried by a bottoma vacuum cleaner, it looks like an ordinary, but without an internal filter cleaning. Bottom cleaner sucks water into the chamber and its filling is automatically switched off by the sludge container need to be emptied.
Timely cleaning of reservoirs described abovemethods will ensure the purity of the water surface and the health of its inhabitants living. But when the pond is very dirty, it should be free from water, clean the bottom, algae and reefs with a hose, then fill it with clean water.
Sometimes it may rise from the bottom sludge and waterpond becomes dark or darker shade, for example due to the activity of large fish or water pressure. To prevent this, you can add the water special chemical compounds fokulyanty that contribute to settling the dregs at the bottom of the pond.
When turbidity of water due to the sludge pond surface acquires a brownish tint
Depending on the volume of the pond is solved the question ofwintering inhabitants, in a big pond fishes in no danger, but they help a little is enough. If there is a small pond fish will have to move into a home aquarium. Caring for a pond in the winter is its pre-treatment of waste, prevention of freezing the entire surface of the water.
To prevent the accumulation of harmful underwatergas and oxygen in a large enough ice to do well and make sure that it does not freeze or lower special heater, and it is necessary to lower all the water for the winter for smaller ponds.
Hole in the ice in the pond in the winter will help fish and seaweed to breathe oxygen
But when there come warm days of spring, thethere is a necessity to bring the pond in order after a long winter. It is necessary to check the wiring and pump. Remove from the surface of the grid if it has, remove debris and clean the pond.
In the last month of spring can be planted plants. It is more convenient to plant them in baskets or boxes, will be enough to take them out when cleaning the pond. Also it is necessary to feed overwintered, underwater plants weakened by special fertilizers. A small packet of dressing is placed in a layer of gravel under the plant.
In the spring begin to feed the fish as soon as theywill rise to the surface of a pond. At this time the fish are weakened, so 1 time in 2-3 days give the dry artificial feed, add chopped worms and daphnia
All these simple measures will help you to enjoy the beauty of your pond for many years.