Suburban Pond resembles a small world in whichboils its own special life: develop and bloom plants scurry underwater inhabitants, every day there is something new. To provide a reservoir of life it should be cleaned at least once in a while one of the conventional methods - using a skimmer, vacuum cleaner, pumping station or a home-made device. For gentle cleaning of the water from the sludge to collect enough filter for the pond with their own hands and connect it to the mains.
There are several conflicting opinions aboutyou need to install in a pond extra cleaning device. Proponents of natural cleansing believe that filter natural body of water does not make sense, because inside it is all provided by nature.
Scenic, beautiful pond with clear, crystal clear water - the result of considerable work to clean it of debris, silt and algae
Equilibrium is established thanks to helpful "bog" plants that perform a number of useful functions:
- delivering oxygen to water;
- block the development of harmful algae;
- enrich the environment necessary chemical elements;
- increase the transparency of the water;
- It is beautifully decorated.
For small-area water bodies suitable Urutpigweed and Bog autumn, for larger ponds - waterweed and hornwort. Representatives of underwater fauna are also a kind of cleaners. For example, cancers and Cupids feed on duckweed and other polluting algae.
Dark green hornwort, a popular aquarium plant, has proven itself as a medic ponds. Well developed in any climate, growing quite rapidly
The reservoirs created by artificial means tofilm material is often used biological treatment means comprising cleaning bacteria. They kill algae, but are not suitable for ponds where fish are bred. One of benign solutions - the use of mixtures of peat, which makes the water less rigid and prevent the development of algae.
Many believe that without human intervention is notdo. Be sure to clean the surface of the water with dry twigs and grass, fallen leaves and other debris. If the water is too turbid and contaminated, it is necessary to use special pumping stations that will cost very expensive, or home-made device, which is much cheaper and more accessible. Consider two options for home-made garden pond filters, which can be done quickly and inexpensively.
What are the only things do not fit dexterousgardeners for their inventions! The suit any tank with holes into which you can put the filter components as a container for the filter. Homemade fine filter has proven itself during the cleaning of the pond with the size of the mirror 2.5 meters x 3.5 meters.
On top of the housing is sealed with a piece of durable plastic or thick, folded in several layers, and the film is fixed with screws, clamps or wire
List of required materials:
- plastic grocery basket medium size as the body;
- drain siphon;
- submersible pump Atman AT-203;
- silicone sealant;
- Interleaving fumlenta;
- socket + nut (set of brass);
- 2 clamp;
- pieces of foam;
- 4 hard sponges;
- hose of polyvinyl chloride (1 m).
Many of these materials can notdifficult to find in the country, others are sold in building supermarkets. Pump Atman AT-200 series have a chance to buy at the store, "Everything for the aquarium." Pump perfectly clean water and at the same time enriching it with oxygen. To adjust the power supplied several devices. Submersible motor running safe and has a low noise level. The device operates on 220V, has a 38W power. For a small unit has a reasonable performance - 2000 l / h. Perfect for the waters to a depth of 2 meters.
Pond, half cleared of algae. Water still muddy and has a greenish tint, but noxious plants are no longer there, and the bottom cleaned of silt
As the filter components can beuse of any material absorbing or retaining dirt: expanded clay, packed in agrovoloknom; foam mats, twisted rolls; plastic mats with holes; old washcloths.
For ease of use, and further purification filter materials should be large in size, ideally - the size of a basket
All these layers is loaded into the container (basket), and then attached via a sealant and a siphon hose.
siphon hole is drilled to the side so that water freely enters the filter. The connection of the siphon with the body must be carefully fluff sealant
The pump is immersed in water and is connected to the network. For safety reasons, the socket should be packed in a waterproof casing.
Any network connections must be tightly closed off from the external environment. The casing can be made of durable plastic, thick piece of rubber or leather
Overflow do not necessarily - in the case of contamination of the filter the water naturally overflows and goes down the drain.
Second homemade pond filter isa submersible device to be installed at the bottom of the reservoir. The volume of the pond - about 5 m depth ?, -. 1 m can be any design, but the selected option - the cheapest and most functional, factory-like filters, which are sold in the store.
General view of the homemade filter device: a spacious enclosure with filter material (foam) and cover with a rigidly fixed aquarium pump
Anyone who is engaged in or at least interested inaquariums, known for several popular models of pumps. One of the most successful - the Polish unit AQUAEL FAN 2. Advantages of the machine lie in its technical characteristics: reliability, creating the desired flow, excellent flow and atomizing air.
The pump has two main parts: the case for the filter; chassis with engine (plus escapement and pipes). It is powered by a standard 220 V, power - 7.2 W
What do the frame?
You will need a plastic bucket with a capacity of 10 liters,plays a role in the body of the filter element. It is desirable that the plastic be relatively durable and withstand a load of 15 kg. The decorative coloring for "underwater" bucket must match the color of the bottom, that is to be brown, gray or black.
For full operation requiredsmall refinement. The sidewalls of the bucket, drill small diameter holes (4-5 mm) - they will flow to the water purification. Some types of plastic brittle, so you need to drill very carefully. The cover should be cut large hole to secure the filter in it. Also, it takes a little ventilation air to enter - another hole in the lid, but malenkoe- 3 mm.
When calculating the diameter of the passing holes should consider the size of particles of silt or debris that may block the flow of water filtration
The order of the filter assembly
In an ideal filter materialsuitable foam - it perfectly absorbs moisture and retains the dirt and easy to clean. The optimum thickness of layers - 50 mm, but can be applied to a different format. Foam mats are used several times.
- We fix the filter housing to the pump cover, using a sealant or a hot melt adhesive.
- Attach the pump housing on the cover.
- We put foam mats along the walls of the bucket. At the bottom we put two or three stones with a total weight of 5 kg - as a weighting agent.
- Fill the remaining space with foam rubber buckets.
- Fix the cover using wire or clamps.
A thick layer of waterproof sealant or a hot-melt adhesive compound covers and protects the pump housing against the ingress of water in the upper part of the device
Connection and installation of the unit
For operation, the device must be connected tomains of 220 V. The connection plugs and sockets must be protected from any moisture. You can use the cover of moisture repellent material. RCD installed on the line, work with current leakage and disconnects the network.
The diagram shows the water cycle during the cleaning process: it is under the influence of the pump into the filter, and then, peeled back into the pond
To install the filter bottom to select a smooth portion, preferably in a high place. Drop a filter into the water, after which it naturally sink to the bottom of the reservoir.
Then connect the power supply and equip the place leaving water after cleaning. For aeration pump should be connected to a thin tube, which second end is over the water surface.
There are many modifications of the self-made filters for cleaning of the pond, and to increase the productivity of each craftsman can bring something of their own, functional and useful.