Polymers, as the know-how of human thought,gradually replacing with landscape design with natural materials by mimicking their appearance, but winning on performance and price. And if a plastic gnomes and basins people have already got used to the plastic tile tracks is used less often than a stone or pavers. It actively implement in the city squares and streets and private cottager is cautious or simply not familiar with the technology of laying this material. Let's try to understand the nuances of the construction of garden paths of different types of plastic tiles.
The Internet is often the entire tile, which includedpolymers have called plastic. Therefore, in this category can be seen from the material of 100% plastic polymers and mixtures thereof with natural ingredients such as quartz, ground wood, and so on. However, durability and beauty of the coating are completely different.
Clean plastic looks quite simply, he haslow resistance to frost, after several winters begins to burst, crumble, gradually fade and so on. Such tiles are used as temporary cover, so as not to wear the dirt in the home or in places near hozpostroek where aesthetics is not so important.
The plastic tile is available in bright colors and unusual design, but over the years, losing a spectacular view and begins to crack at the joints
The polymer blend of quartz sand and differenthigh strength, thanks to the addition of quartz, which will stand the frost, and the active movement of people and vehicles. But this appearance remains artificial tiles without simulating any other materials. Its monochrome relief surface is perfect for paths near the pools, ponds, where natural grass threatens humidity. But as the main leading from the gate to the main entrance to the house, Polymer tile is chosen, not all. If the house is lined with synthetic material, such as siding, the coating will look harmonious. But against the backdrop of wooden or stone buildings this path lose in aesthetics.
In an ideal surface smoothness can be found at once that a coating of artificial ingredients, but the track will not be a pleasure when the weather slide
The most luxurious form of a decking - Deckingboard, in which the wood flour is mixed with polymer additives. Externally, it is strongly reminiscent of the wooden slats, ie parquet, and so kind of track turns solid and respectable. Call plastic decking tiles can only be a stretch, since different manufacturers add chopped wood and polymers in different percentages. These components can be mixed in a ratio of 50:50, but the most approximate to the texture of natural wood are coating polymers where only 20%. Accordingly, the requirements for changing installation. The more natural in the composition, the more it is afraid of water, and therefore, requires a suitable base.
The texture of decking is very similar to the parquet, but the fit is much easier due to the large size tiles
The modular plastic tile for garden pathsoften it has a perforated surface to escape freely through it moisture and dust. Such tiles are joined together by locks located at the edges of the ribs. Their assembly is like playing with the children's designer, so the track will be able to collect even a child.
Often a strong fixation of modules in a plastic tile additional fastening are provided, which makes the coating more resistant to stress
Lay the tiles on the grid any smoothbasis, in which the altitude differences do not exceed half a centimeter. They can be laid as a straight line, and with right angle corners. On the lawn tiles spread without any preliminary work, because the surface has leveled off until sowing grass courts.
Lay on the lawn plastic tiles can be literally half an hour, but to preserve it for a long time, before the track in the winter it is necessary to dismantle and hide in a farm building
When placing on the ground, for example, when you create paths between the beds, it is recommended to pave the base nonwoven fabric are not made their way to the weeds, and on top - join the tiles.
If there is an old concrete path on the site withcracks and potholes, first it needs to be slightly podremontirovat, to gloss over all the visible defects of adhesive or grout, and on top put a modular cover. The modular plastic tiles are not designed for a strong static load, so go through it on foot.
Tiles made of polymers with additives quartzIt has emerged as an alternative to the pavement, which is able to saturate the moisture from it and gradually disintegrate. In the plastic coating is no such problem exists. Yet, laying the technology of polymer concrete tiles identical. It is necessary to create the same trough, sand-gravel pillow, put curbs and so on. And you can put on a concrete base, gravel or conventional cement-sand mixture, depending on the load, which must withstand your path. About all the nuances of laying we have already mentioned in the articles "The technology of laying paving slabs" and "Rules laying paving slabs on a concrete foundation," so in detail the process will not be described.
We will only say that the quality of the base stacking infuture affect what will keep through the winter if your tracks perfectly flat surface. At the seams moisture still seep between the tiles and the ground, and if poorly compacted sand, it will precipitate, thereby pulling an all upper layers. Concrete, on the contrary, do not miss the water, if you do not create a drainage hole and block it under the tiles. And in the winter, expanding ice reared up your track. Itself tiles will not be affected, because it is not afraid of no water, no frost, but the track will have to shift.
In Europe, we figured out how to get rid of plastictrack from the swelling completely simple way. Instead of creating a trough and a "cushion", there is removed fertile soil no more than a bayonet spade, level the surface with the help of hard-packed sand, and on top of it trail extruded polystyrene - a heater, which is absolutely impervious to moisture, and therefore in the winter does not freeze, keeping the structure warm. Next, pour the usual sand-cement mixture, and which laid the tile. Seams are filled with sand. This technology is particularly in demand in Finland, where a marshy soil over the winter raises even concrete slabs on the ground, not to mention the light plastic.
Some owners complain that in the summer of polymer-tile highlights the peculiar smell, but if it is regularly shed in the heat, then this problem will not
Decking differently called Terrace boards,liquid wood flooring or garden, emphasizing his destination street. It consists of thin strips resembling parquet planks that are fastened on one 4-5 pieces per tile. Between the slats have gaps for the passage of water. The width of the gap varies from 0.1 to 0.8 cm, and when laying garden paths are guided on soil moisture. The higher it is, the more the gap must be chosen decking.
There is also a seamless version of decking that looks like an elongated rectangle. But for this type of decking paths all the same should not be used.
To ensure good heat and moisture ventilationmaterial square decking manufacturers have created two components: an outer part resembling wood, and a substrate. The substrate is a plastic grille with fixings on the perimeter for joining tiles together.
Due to the plastic substrate, the garden parquet retains ventilation properties, removes moisture and thus extends the service life of up to 50 years
Laying decking must be on a flat,hard surface, wherein the coating is not "sink", and keep the air gap due to the substrate. It is therefore not used as the basis of the sand. Lattice substrate just going into it and cease to perform its functions.
Optimal materials for the base:
- layer of fine crushed stone or gravel;
- ceramic tile.
Of these options boards and tilesoften used on the terraces and paths to pour concrete (if it is on the move transport) or conduct dumping gravel (enough layer to 5 cm).
Contents edge of the track, you can either skirting or side overlaid strips.
As you can see, the polymers can acquirecompletely different characteristics, thanks to the introduction of the other components. Therefore, before buying plastic tiles verify its composition, in order to know how many years it will hold your path.