The elements of decoration

Technology laying paving slabs with their hands: parsing the nuances

Technology laying paving slabs with their hands: parsing the nuances

Ennobling local area, manyowners often wonder what strewn track, front and back yard, sitting area ... Paving slab is perfect for this purpose. Functional coverage territory accomplishment is unparalleled. The price of the material is not fabulous, and laying paving slabs with their hands is quite simple in execution. So the design of the tracks and platforms at the site is not too expensive, and this will be a worthy setting for garden decoration, and the local area.

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The good path of paving slabs?

This popular worldwide building material has a number of advantages.

The variety of colors, shapes and textures

It allows you to create a harmonious ensemble, bringing together all elements of the site into a complete picture, and implement any design and architectural plans.

Worthy Decoration landscaping

Due to the aesthetic appeal and excellent performance characteristics, Pavement indispensable in landscape design

Environmental friendliness and comfort

Paving does not emit harmful volatilesubstances when heated and softened under the scorching sun. tile joints filled with sand allow to seep excessive moisture after rain, preventing the formation of puddles.

Maintaining the natural environment under the ground floors on a plot

Paved path tiles does not violate the natural needs of plants in the area in water and gas exchange

Ease of maintenance and durability

Paving tiles - ideal coating conditions of frosty winters, it has high strength and low friability.

Convenient and durable coating on the plot

When laying quality tiles can last more than 15 years

As the technology of laying paving slabs,and follow-up care for it, simple enough. In the event of damage to the coating, there is always the opportunity to restore the site, picking up and replacing a few tiles.

To paved walkways and platform atarea become not only an original complement of landscape design, but also regularly served for many years at work is important to consider a number of highlights, how to be installed in paving slabs. For example, depending on the location and purpose coating, laying paving slabs can be made as a solution, and on sand or rubble.

Construction of the "cushion" under paving slabs

For the arrangement of garden paths and rest areas is sufficient to use sand-grit "pillow"

Work on laying the tiles on the steps

Select the tile and the necessary tools

At the stage of preparation for laying paving slabsit is crucial to competently goods from a wide range of products and choose the necessary tools, which will be easy and convenient to operate. When selecting tiles it is necessary to focus not only on the taste preferences, but also take into account the performance of the material. So, equipping indoor recreation area or carport, you should ask the manufacturer: can withstand heavy tile design or designed only for the weight of a human.

Choices flat and shaped tiles

Attention is drawn to the surface roughness, product form: Do rebounds there, whether you want it to be trimmed

To carry out the work required tools:

  1. Master OK;
  2. wooden or rubber mallet;
  3. hand tamping;
  4. metal or wooden pegs;
  5. cord-poryadovkoy;
  6. building level;
  7. I-beam, or any diameter pipe;
  8. watering can or garden hose with a sprayer;
  9. rake and broom;
  10. M500 cement and sand.

To determine the number of tiles and raw materials for the foundation, consider the layout of the site, taking into account the location and size of tracks and platforms.

One of the basic rules laying of pavingTile is the need to track everything at a slight slant, based on each meter of 5 mm so that water freely depart from them in the pits or on the lawns.

Construction of the base

The reliability of the base surface directlythe success of the entire construction. When constructing a base at the edges of the location of the future track hammered stakes with notches at a height of 5-7 cm, at which the cord is pulled. With the construction area is removed a layer of sod, rocks and debris.

Marking the site and removal and removal of the top soil layer

To put any paving tiles with their hands must be first of all carefully prepared base

To align the outlined surface areatowering in the field once the layer of soil is removed, and in the hollows, holes and hollows - on the contrary, to pour. Aligned rake thoroughly compacted base. When dealing with soft soil compacted, it is desirable to moisten the leveled surface of the soil with water. Careful compaction base will prevent uneven subsidence sidewalk.

The depth of the base is calculated with a margin of a few centimeters into account that shrinkage always occurs during compaction. On average, for laying a layer of sand and the most tile goes from 20 to 30 cm.

Determination of the height and alignment of the track

After excavating the front side of the tile to be released at the desired level

The entire surface of the track is attached to the futuretransverse, longitudinal or longitudinal and cross slope. At this stage, everything platforms and tracks are also held on the communication laying work. Laying the geotextile before backfilling sand will prevent growth of weeds between tiles.

Creating a "cushion" of sand or gravel

On the prepared base layer of soil can bespread sand, which will not only increase the stability of the pavement, but will also act as a drainage system. Backfilled with sand must be leveled with a rake and pour water until its surface is not formed puddles. Within 3-4 hours in sunny weather "cushion" can be given a smooth flat shape using a profile, as well as which may make regular pipe or beam.

Gradual improvement of sand "cushion"

To align the surface of the sand layer, you can use inch PVC pipes

Pipes are placed on the type of rails at a distance of 2-3 meters from each other. Gaps between them filled with sand in the same height, enabling smooth throughout the pad surface.

To give greater strength coatingpaving tiles can also be laid on a macadam base and the solution. To do this, prepare a dry sand-cement mixture at a ratio of 3: 1. The mixture is spread evenly on the base screed channel bar is performed. When working with "difficult" soils it is desirable to use a combined laying, consisting of a layer of cement-sand mixture and concrete.

Installing pavers

Before laying the pavers need to pull onchamfer lead-poryadovkoy. Laying of paving slabs with their hands is better to start from the curb. The first row is laid strictly on a cord. "Myself" tiles spread in direction.

Features putting some paving coverage

Display the "building blocks" necessary so that they abut each other

This avoids an increase in the width of the seams. Using the crosses will give the chance to ask at regular intervals of 1-2 mm between tiles. If a tile falls unevenly, you can use a trowel to remove or to report it under the sand layer and then compacted again.

Align paving tiles must be using the building level and mallet. Upon completion of the work on laying the tile joints backfilled with a layer of cement-sand mixture and pour water.

Grout tile joints

To make the track more accurate and attractive appearance, tile joints can "overwrite" quartz sand

When bad interfacing tiles with other structures or elements of landscape design, you can trim the edges using a grinder.

Upon completion of the work on the final track sweeps debris and the remnants of sand. Installation of the curb on the M100 liquid solution will prevent loosening of the tiles and the "spread" of the track.

In the future, you just update the water washes away the sand in the seams of the pavers. The track, a modern paving tiles, will be a great ornament of the site.

Video workshops with examples of paving

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