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There are three main ways of reproduction Tui:
- prepared seed;
- cuttings (twigs);
- ready for planting seedlings.
It can be a long time experimenting with different ways, but in any case you will stop at the rational and practical - reproduction via cuttings.
Why is not accepted fifth grown from seed? Everything is simple: to become a seedling suitable for planting in open ground, will require at least 5 years, in addition, during the growth of a tree loses all its varietal characteristics and become a normal wild plant. The only plus - the maximum preparation of seedlings to local, specific growing conditions.
Seeds arborvitae unpretentious to the soil, but the landing is better to use soft and nourishing the soil, consisting of a mixture of sand, coniferous and leaf soil
For planting choose a strong and healthy seeds,lain all winter under the snow, because the stratification process hardens them and prepare for further development in these climatic conditions. Spring put the seeds in boxes with nutritious soil, sprinkle a layer of earth mixed with pine sawdust. For the young shoots should be closely monitored: cover from direct sunlight, clean of weeds, moisturize regularly, to feed a weak solution of fertilizer. It was only the fifth year of the grown seedlings can be planted to a permanent place.
Experienced gardeners know that the majority of conifersPlants propagated by cuttings well. Among these various types of juniper, fir, and pine - that is, plants that thrive even in the harsh northern climate. It is also important that when cherenochnom breeding trees retain their affiliation to a particular class.
To separate the shoots usually chosen April. Ideal cuttings obtained from the shoots of 2-3-year growth, with the upper part of the crown. It is better not to use the secateurs, and try to wrest the stalks by hand. The length of the detachable parts -. About 20 cm When ejection at the end of the branches will remain a piece of wood last year, a small "heel", rich in nutrients. For the collection of planting material suitable and June, when the plant is experiencing a second period of growth, but the June harvesting will be ready for the season later, as the current year, they simply "oversleep".
Needles and small branches from the bottom of the cuttings should be removed, so that when in contact with moist soil or sand has not occurred decay
To disinfect the young shoots, omit them for a few minutes in a weak solution of manganese, and then soaked for a day in the "Kornevine" or similar growth stimulants.
For planting suitable boxes with river sand ormixture placed in limbo sand and garden soil (as an option - to arrange the bricks, stones, boards). The bottom of the boxes punching, so that the water flowed easily and does not stagnate, and oxygen to the roots constantly fed. Then lay a drainage layer of small pebbles. Sand before using better boil in a galvanized bucket or tank, and then impregnate with 3% solution of potassium permanganate. Cuttings bury only 1.5-2 cm, gently thicken the ground and soaked in water. It follows that after each subsequent watering water is not washed away the soil, and the stalk has remained in place.
For summer or winter growing arborvitae seedlings suitable boxes and ordinary flower pots of suitable size - volume should be sufficient to spines were not closely
The room in which to spend the winter boxesseedlings must be shaded and warm. Rooting of shoots takes place well at + 18-22? C, in a humid environment. If the forecast of freezing, for thermal insulation can be used polyethylene greenhouse film. The first two months of daily spraying is necessary, especially in hot conditions half board - chime and evening.
Beginning of autumn - time to landing rootedcuttings in the open ground on a dedicated flower bed or in pots in a greenhouse installed. The roots of this time reach a length of 8-10 cm Pay attention to soil -. Thuja prefers acidic soil mixed with peat. seedling rearing takes place 2-3 years, minimal maintenance is watering, removing weeds, regular weeding.
If you do not have time, do not have enough speed or you do notwait to decorate the area around the house beautiful plants - is already fully ready to purchase seedlings. Sometimes offer specimens grown in neighboring cottages. If you trust the sellers, and can safely buy from them, but long products of good quality is still better to acquire professional nurseries. Among the hundreds of designs you can choose healthy, tempered, resistant to disease, accustomed to the local climate plant.
Seedlings from nursery age and differentSize: You can buy the smallest, and their own "bring" to the landing period, and you can buy a large, ready for decorative works on the site
Pay attention to the conditions under which containPlants: Do the temperature corresponds to whether enough moistened soil in pots. Perhaps, regular watering is not carried out, and the samples are poured implemented only for the species in the day of the sale. Needles should sit firmly, not crumble, look bright and strong. On the stem and branches should not have stains, divorces and other signs of disease.
Delivered the plants home, try as soon as possible to transplant them to the shaded area and pour.
Unpretentious arborvitae perfectly acclimatized in anyconvenient for gardening season, but experienced gardeners recommend planting arborvitae carried out in the spring, thereby tying the plant life cycle to the biological clock.
Before planting, pre-defined witha place convenient for the plant. In the development of the landscape project, remember that arborvitae loves a slightly shaded place. In brightly lit areas, it withers and harder to tolerate the cold, in the dark places, poorly developed and loses its decorative qualities. Light shade, closed from the wind, closely spaced groundwater - these are the factors contributing to the proper cultivation of arborvitae.
Step by step planting instructions:
- tearing a deep hole - about 70-80 cm in depth and 90-100 cm in diameter so that it freely entered clod with a seedling;
- at the bottom of the pit pour a little soil with organic fertilizers, for example, often use a mixture - 2-3 kg of wood ash per 1 m? soil;
- We put the seedling into the hole, taking care not to damage the earthen room with roots and root collar positioning at ground level;
- mix garden soil with peat and sand in equal proportions, fall asleep easily compacted.
Spacing between plants depends on the type, soas the culture of different varieties of different sizes. Miniature types better positioned at a distance of no more than 1 meter, large - up to 5 meters. Suppose, the Brabant grade reaches a height of 10-15 m and a crown diameter of 4 m, that is, to fully developed tree, you need a maximum of space. When planting hedges, regardless of type and size, the plants are planted at intervals of 1 m.
Sort Brabant - a real godsend for landscape designers. With the help of special techniques and hairstyles of options you can adjust the shape of plants to create hedges and combined composition
After planting, watering and primary needsdressing. As often use natural fertilizers, growth stimulators, such as "Appin" and its analogs. Substances that form part of the stimulants to help the plants take root quickly, protect them from diseases. In the spring double-entry effective fertilizing potassium and phosphorus with an interval of 10-14 days.
watering regime in the spring depends on the weather andthe amount of rainfall. In hot and dry period the plant needs watering at least twice a week, cool spring - just once. If the rainy season, an additional watering is not required.
Consider highlights growing arborvitae that need to pay special attention - watering, fertilizing, cut and prepare for the winter period.
Healthy plants, like plants, are very fond ofmoist environment, and it is better if the water will flow from all directions, not just from the soil. Regular watering - a necessary condition for maintaining the plant in "good shape". Sufficient moisture directly affects the appearance of the Tui - twigs become elastic and needles - shiny, with more saturated colors.
Minimum irrigation regime - one bucket of water (about10 liters) in basal region once a week, during the dry season - 2-3 times a week. The drought in the lack of moisture Thuja reacts instantly: the tip of the crown turns yellow, there is a large number of cones, are not always appropriate for decorative effect. The best time of day for watering - morning or before dusk.
Watering thuja, especially the young plants should be very careful not to wash the earth from the area of the root collar, which is on par with the soil surface
No less abundant watering arborvitae loves irrigation -spraying the crown from the sprinkler or hose with a special nozzle. Water washes away the dust, the appearance of the tree is updated, Thuja becomes fresh and clean, and the air appears a nice pine scent. Do not be afraid to once again spray the fifth, irrigation 1-2 times a day, it is the only benefit.
Tui, as well as many ornamental plants,It needs regular fertilizing. In fertilization it reacts faster growth (although Thuja - one of the slow-growing crops), pomp, glitter and bright color needles. fertilize the plants do not require frequent enough 1-2 times - at the beginning of the season or in the summer. In addition to traditional compost, you can use a special fertilizer for conifers.
Fertilize fifth economically: stogrammovy bag of complex mineral fertilizers "fop" to feed conifers during the summer period is 90-100 rubles
Experienced gardeners recommend a universal product"Fop" to the evergreens of the Finnish manufacturer. "Fertikov spring" when applied to the soil loosening - scatter in the trunk area and carefully dug up, along with the top layer of soil. Dosage - 35-40 g per 1 m? soil. Summer version dissolved in water and used during irrigation.
Tree trunks need additionalcleaning and loosening. To prevent weeds, retain moisture and improve fertility mulch around the trunk area using compost or sawdust. In decorative purposes ground cover colored chips or nut shells.
The first two years is necessary to leave the fifth alone to give her a final root, follow the growth rate, to determine its needs. In the third year, you are ready to crown pruned.
In the first place crown eliminate the dried,sluggish, affected during the winter twigs, and then decide if you need additional decimated: loss of density affects the decorative properties
There are a few rules of proper pruning:
- the basic procedure is carried out in April, and then throughout the summer, until the cool days, adjusting the shape of the crown;
- suitable for cutting dry weather;
- Before cutting, remove dry or diseased branches, as well as to improve the air circulation is slightly thin out the plant, and sacrificing healthy shoots;
- to maintain the stability of the chosen art form should be to remove all the shoots of annual growth;
- if necessary increase just wide - cut off the top of the crown.
Art haircut is to give the plant a specific, regular geometric forms often - ball, pyramid, cubes, columns.
Common on suburban areas composition with conifers - a few design options in Tui flowers and ornamental grasses surrounded
Skilled craftsmen manage to convert coniferousplants in the figures of animals or fantasy creatures. Inexperienced, cottagers beginners should start with simpler compositions - low hedges, turf "balls" or simple two-tiered cascades.
Hedge of arborvitae the country performs several useful functions: protects the suburban area from intruders, it is a decorative element and absorbs street noise
In the middle and northern latitudes of Russia fordecorating suburban areas selected Western arborvitae varieties - most hardy and undemanding, however, they must also be prepared for the cold and snowy winter. Development, albeit slow, provides a rich autumn watering harsh period.
Young immature trees the first few yearsneed for additional insulation. As the covering material used spunbond nonwoven or a thick greenhouse film - transparent cocoon, keeping warm, transmits sunlight necessary for photosynthesis. In specialty stores you can buy special covers. To protect the roots are used paluyu foliage, which is removed in the spring, after the thaw of topsoil.
Adult trees sufficiently protect from snow andstrong winds. To the snow does not accumulate on the branches, their carefully pull together the trunk. Snow deposits favor the appearance of mold, so it is better to remove in a timely manner.
If you learn how to properly care for Tusi and skillfully use its slow growth, you will get a great plant for decorating avenues, rockeries, flowerbeds and rock gardens.