There are several opinions about the timinglilies landing in open ground. The traditional planting time is autumn, or rather, the first half of it. This is due to the natural cycle of plant development: after flowering begins a rest period (a few weeks), after which the growth of the bulbs is activated, hatch backs. As a result, in the early spring, with the first rays of spring sun appears floral bud.
But sometimes, for various reasons,gardeners are selected for landing work early spring. The reasons can be anything - from a simple lack of time to considering the peculiarities of a particular grade. Suppose Oriental hybrids are developing well, and North American varieties simply can not withstand more severe conditions.
Consider the advantages of the April landing in open ground:
- Bulbs do not need to dig into the soil and especially warm, suitable for storage of refrigerator;
- home "wintering" eliminates freezing and damage, ensures complete safety;
- with good soil preparation and plant the bulbs time to develop and blossom in time.
There are also disadvantages that are worth mentioning. For example, some varieties do not have time to fully develop the root system and the plant exist only through the power of the bulb. It is understood that any desired height, nor beautiful inflorescences should be expected. Another unpleasant nuance - the lack of "Spring" lilies babies, which are often used for breeding. By the way, planted in autumn culture give about 10 healthy children.
Tubular varieties not susceptible to diseases and are resistant to frost, so it is recommended to grow even in the northern regions
If the summers are short and cold, specialistsrecommend to refrain from spring planting - lily likely to bloom until the following year (in this case, rational plant them in October). For more convenient care for flower bed spring and autumn planting is better to place in different places, as soil preparation, watering regime, feeding will be radically different.
In late spring, in late May, and in the earlysummer plant lilies is not necessary - the plants grow weak and unprepared, more susceptible to disease. The most suitable period for planting in the middle lane - the end of April.
If you missed the fall season or justWe decided to conduct an experiment, remember that spring planting works have some differences. And the ground under the lilies, and the plants themselves require additional treatment.
Beautiful, tall lilies can only grow frombulbs that do not have signs of the disease - rot, mildew spots, scales, differing in color or texture. The roots must be "alive", not with dried, about 5 cm long. If the purchase occurs in the spring, it is best to purchase bulbs, already gave little sprouts.
Healthy bulbs are easy to identify by their appearance: flake uniform white or yellow have no extraneous inclusions and roots - strong and elastic, without spots
Suppose you have prepared yourselfplanting material since the fall and want to keep it the best quality to spring. Place the onions on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator and regularly check their status. Perhaps some will go to the growth and "shoot" before the expected date. Sprouts need to save, and the bulbs can be planted in special containers or conventional planters. Once the end-frozen, "sleeping" and sprouted copies shall be made in the open ground.
There are a number of effective preventive measures for the protection of the planting material from the mold and harmful bacteria. Disinfect the bulbs produced by conventional solutions, such as:
- washed with pure water, and then placed for 25-30 minutes in a weak solution of manganese - 5.10 g of the substance to a bucket of water;
- left in the solution fungicide "fundazol" (as per instructions);
- remove damaged flakes, washed thoroughly with water to 2-3, are placed in a solution malathion (a bucket of water 1 tbsp enough substance.) - if the bulbs are seen traces of infections.
the protection effect increases if after plantingproduce insulation nests. The easiest way - the use of plastic jars or bottles with cut off top half. Overturned containers act as mini-greenhouses for shoots.
Hue buds of certain varieties depends on the degree of illumination, and in partial shade, the color becomes more saturated, bright, deep
If you need to transport or store the bulbs in a few days "to overexposure", put them in any convenient container, covered with moss moist, loose soil, sand or sawdust.
A little tip for lovers of Asian hybrids,breeding the bulb stem (formed at the time of ripening in the axils of the leaves). For storage in winter, they are placed in sealed plastic bags and placed in peat pots, which are placed in a room or refrigerator temperature 1-3? C.
In the process of acquisition do not forget to specify the grade of lilies - this depends on the place, time and conditions for landing and cultivation techniques.
If in general terms to characterize the properties of the soil useful for growing roses, it should be loose, healthy, alkaline, moist.
One of the variants of soil for the cultivation of lilies: a mixture of sod land, peat, river sand, pine litter in equal proportions. You can add soil for flowers
To do this, before the spring planting, when the ground thawed and began relatively mild, conduct preparatory activities:
- dig the topsoil (35-40 cm deep);
- arrange drainage for the outflow of excess water;
- if previously on this site to grow other plant species - add fresh soil or substrate;
- enriching the soil with humus or phosphorus-potassium fertilizers;
- reduce the acidity to a pH level of 6.5 (half a kilo of chalk or 200 g of wood ash per 1 m of soil?);
- periodically watered the soil so that it was wet.
As the drainage layer can be used gravelor river pebbles. To bulbs grow up healthy, strong and large, in the ground, you can add a little pine needles mixed with sand. The main thing - no biological fertilizer, in particular dung! On top put a layer of peat, rotted sawdust or compost.
Planting lilies in open ground in April, be sure to check the condition of the soil - it should be thawed, soft and friable
Choose a sunny spot and dig shallow holes (up to 10 cm), although much depends on the choice of varieties. Except for some species, the bulbs are typically placed at a depth equal to three of its diameters.
Some gardeners to keep germs fromsudden spring frost, dig the hole a little deeper, but follow the rule: the lighter the soil, the deeper the pit. Thus, undersized disembark culture to a depth of 8 to 12 cm (depending on the size of the onion), Tall -. 12 to 20 cm if sufficiently strong roots, we add an additional 5 cm.
planting intervals, as the depth of the wells will depend on the variety. Between the low-growing plants is enough to leave 15-20 cm tall and powerful should be separated from each other by an interval of 25-30 cm.
From the depth of the wells and intervals depend on the development of plants between them: the tightness does not go to the benefit of flowers, flower garden looks groomed
Make sure to place the landing lilies are not flooded by spring water. If you want to inflorescences were turned toward the house, or track, try to plant them in the north of the objects.
Regardless of the time of planting flowers, groundyou need to feed fertilizers. Avoid cow manure, especially fresh. It adversely affects the growth and development of the bulbs of plants during flowering.
Depending on the type of soil, the soil in the spring making the following additions:
- ammonium nitrate (. 1 tablespoon per 1 m of soil?);
- NPK (50 g per bucket of water);
- wood ash.
Feeding the soil, it is necessary to comply with strictdosing, as well as an overabundance of minerals negatively affects the development of germs. The only substance that is really like a lily - is wood ash. It can be added during the season to 5-6 times. Ash is not only useful for forming color alkaline environment, but also protects against certain types of pests and mold.
Sometimes, especially in the northern areas before landing in the open ground lilies are planted in containers or flower pots - until complete thawing of the soil
Plants planted in the spring, in addition to the originalfertilizing is necessary to fertilize at least another two times. Prior to the formation of flower buds should be impregnated with a solution nitrophosphate ground and after flowering period - a solution of superphosphate (40-50 g per bucket of water). Last fertilization nourishes the bulb, preparing them for the winter period.
Together with mineral fertilizersproduce disease prevention. In May, when the shoots get stronger a bit, soak the soil of 1% Bordeaux mixture. Repeat a couple of times in July, but by spraying the whole plant. If you notice on the plant signs of diseases such as botrytis, continue feeding - bulbs need extra nutrition.
Prepared and podkormlenny ground uselessif you do not observe proper water irrigation after landing bulbs. On the first day, the soil should be carefully watered and watered on a regular basis, following two important conditions:
- avoid stagnant water;
- does not dry ground.
Any violation results in suspensiondevelopment, which resulted in all the budding and flowering process will not happen to the fullest. Proper irrigation provides the most important thing for flowering crops - lush, healthy, beautiful inflorescences.
It is for a longer retain moisture insoil mixed pine needles or rotted sawdust - they are impregnated with water and do not let the ground dry. It is not necessary to plant lilies is too thick, so that moisture is distributed evenly and in sufficient quantity.
The choice of location for planting depends on the suburban area of opportunities, but try to keep the plants were in the bright, well-lit area or in the penumbra of light
For watering fit morning and afternoon hours. Pour carefully, try to spray water in the root area. Splashes on the leaves can cause the development of diseases (for example, Botrytis) or burn. Droplets of water - it's a kind of lenses that concentrate sunlight. In this sense, consider this method of irrigation is drip irrigation - water with a certain frequency goes directly to the roots of plants, providing them with a strictly metered amount of moisture.
The scary waterlogging? In cloudy weather, the cool dampness favors the development of brown spot, but in the heat - wet rot and Fusarium.
Consider the dangers that lie in wait for the plants planted in April-May.
you may encounter this in early springnuisance, as a bacterial (wet) rot. It manifests itself in the form of divorce zhelovatyh-spots first appear on the leaves, and then move to the flower stalks. Over time, the entire plant is infected and the affected areas just die. To protect against this scourge, should reduce watering and eliminate nitrogenous fertilizer.
Small, but more bright, red spots on the leavessignal of another disease - rust. She transferred bulbs, so it's worth a closer select planting material. Infected leaves gradually dry up, so they are immediately removed. For the treatment solution Bordeaux mixture, some fungicides.
Fitosporin - an excellent tool for the prevention and treatment of fungal and bacterial diseases - scab, blackleg, root and gray mold, Phytophthora, rust
This scourge for lilies - botrytis (graymold). The infected plants are covered with brown spots rapidly spreading. Causes may be different, but the most common - waterlogging and abrupt temperature changes. To prevent mold, you must often loosen the soil and plants to process materials containing copper.
If sprouts tops begin to turn yellow - appeared root rot. She lives only on the roots of the bulbs. We'll have to pull up the plant, remove the diseased parts and disinfect.
Harm the lilies are not only disease, butand harmful fauna: thrips, aphids, beetle Piskun, beetles larvae and beetles, spider mites. a number of chemicals, for example, "Inta-Vir" was created to destroy them. Insecticides can not cope with beetle-Piskun, so it should be removed manually. In a similar manner are usually destroyed and bright orange lily beetle.
Lily flies, thrips, aphids, grubs derive chemicals "Thunder", "Povotoks", "Mukhoed", "fix", "Medvetoks," "Grizzly".
Bulbous sometimes subjected to invasions of mice. In addition to conventional mesh fencing to protect against rodents used planting snowdrops, daffodils and crocus.
Some of the errors associated with the spring planting roses and further care of the flower garden, fraught with the death of the plants, so try to avoid them in the first place:
- Planting bulbs in the low-lying area. This is a critical area of flooding, and therefore sensitive to waterlogging lilies in this area simply perish.
- Violation of watering regime. A long period of drought, as well as waterlogging, dangerous flower. Pour less often, but plentiful.
- Fertilizer landings manure. Looming whole complex diseases. Instead mullein use humus or compost type "Hercules".
- Overheating soil. Direct sun and heat damage to the plants. Exit - planting in partial shade and mulching with dry grass or sawdust.
As you can see, the rules of planting and caring for rosesunpretentious, and for a good result it is important to only one thing - a regularity. Do not expect in the first year of spring planting abundant flowering, but the following year the beauty and splendor of the flower beds will exceed all your expectations.
And finally - a few tips on the videos: