Irises are not very demanding, but there are several points that should be considered. They are not recommended:
- waterlogged soil;
- poor soil minerals;
- constant shadow.
Protection from excessive humidity is landingplant on an artificial slope. If groundwater looms close to the roots, should be to build a small hill with a slope on the south side and have a drainage system. To do this, pick up a flower bed is enough for 20 cm and ensure rainwater drainage.
There are several ways of planting irises: single, bush, group, free seeding. Flowers with large buds are used for a single landing, with fine - for the group
Sample beds with irises: 1 - hyacinth Pёrpl Voice; 2 - tulip Flashpoint; 3 - narcissus New Baby; 4 - iris mesh Cantab; 5 - Scilla Siberian Alba
Irises like sunlight, but some part oftime and can spend in the shade, so it is desirable to break a flower bed on the unshaded or lightly shaded areas. Before planting, the soil is enriched with organic fertilizers, then carefully dug and loosened. Manure is usually introduced in advance, about a year before planting.
The ideal soil for bulbs - lime. The alkaline reaction provide listed in the soil during digging lime, chalk or eggshells. Sandy soil is best to dilute the humus, will come in handy ash and 40 g of superphosphate (per 1 m?). Clay, on the contrary, it is better to dilute the coarse fraction of sand and add a little to enrich the humus or compost.
Article on the subject: Liming the soil in the garden, why, when and how this should be done?
Do not be limited to traditional beds located in recreation areas and along the tracks. The original bed-stump looks much more attractive!
Place flowers landing can not change about 10years, hybrid varieties - 5 years. The ability to quickly irises widening leads to a deficiency of nutrients in the soil, resulting in a need to change the place, that is, the transfer of beds.
First of all, we offer you to watch video on the topic:
Features planting depends on the variety. In temperate climates, perfectly acclimatized and transferred to the winter iridodiktiumy, Turkey and the Caucasus, as well as their hybrids. Choose a dry, open place and dig a shallow pit - up to 7 cm Fall asleep bulb so that the soil adjacent loosely, and better in its composition will add a little sand.. To protect plants from fungal diseases, bulbs purchased pre-treated "fundazol" or "Benlatom". In the summer, after the death of the stem and leaves, separate the small daughter bulbs, which are necessary for further breeding.
one or more varieties of irises are used for decorating flower beds. A diverse range of colors allows you to create a rare beauty composition
"Juno" are large varieties of bulbsthe size and the presence of fleshy, roots renewable annually, to treat that should be very careful. If you fall off the roots, the plant will die. The best time for planting bulbous irises in open ground - the last week of September or the first decade of October. Bulbs gently lowered into the pit, not to damage the roots and sprinkled with a layer of earth up to 6 cm thick.
Fossa for planting should be relatively small - about two heights bulbs, hence small lukovok irises suitable depth from 4 to 7 cm
Summer training is that the bulbsdug after wilting toffee and dried in a room with a temperature of 22-25? C. The second option - a flower bed cover film, protecting it from the rain, until the beginning of October. Further reproduction or Juno produce daughter bulbs or seeds that are sown in special boxes. Boxes with seeds, like bulbs, it is necessary to dry. Seedlings appear, usually in the second year.
The distance between plants at planting futureIt may be different: a minimum period of say two bulbs in width (the result is a thick bush), maximum - up to half a meter (usually so solitary irises are planted with lush buds).
Using a plastic basket for cultivation
In the supermarket you can buy a simple, but very handy basket for the cultivation of bulbous plants.
In order to remove a portion of turf, put a plastic basket on the desired area and in a circle with the help of a shovel or scoop stroke a path to a depth of 12 cm
Carefully remove the separated piece of turf, and the resulting deepening hole about 20-30 cm, so that it is fully fit basket
At the bottom of the pit pour fertilizer, then set the basket. Fill it with a dense layer of moist fertile soil and disembark bulbs
Fall asleep planted bulbs with a thin layer of earth and return back seized a piece of turf. Thus, the bulbs will spend the whole winter in favorable conditions for themselves
Shopping is convenient because it can be easy to get out of the land and planted with bulbs move indoors to dry.
In addition to timely planting and soil preparation,necessary care of plants during their flowering irises early start to bloom in May, later - in June. Competent Care bulbous irises is a regular top dressing fertilizers and protection against pests. Another point of concern for the colors - watering. In the rainy season irises watering should not be, and in the dry season irrigation is strictly necessary to moderate in the evening.
It is important to choose the right color grade. For example, Siberian irises are the most frost-resistant, so they can easily tolerate the winter in northern latitudes
In the spring, after the snow melts, we wait until the fulltopsoil drying to make fertilizer. Suit ready solutions and universal dry mixture, for example, "REAS" or "Good strength." Put the required amount of feed in the upper layer (or simply scattered on the surface of the soil around the bulbs), then carefully loosened, being careful not to hook the roots.
One of the three-stage versions fertilizing hybrid irises are not blooming the first year:
- nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus (2: 3: 1) - dry soil spring;
- the same composition but in a different ratio (3: 3: 1) - at the time of formation of buds;
- potassium, phosphorus (1: 1) - 1 month after the beginning of the flowering period.
Regular and correct dosage dressingIt ensures high decorative quality, rapid development and long flowering. One of the most important periods in the life of the plant - the formation of flower buds. Fertilizing at this stage provides magnificent, full bloom next year.
Fertilizers for bulbous contain Lignohumate that performs several important functions: promoting rapid growth, increases the resistance of plants to disease, increases the decorative effect
You do not have to do their own complex fertilizer for the irises, the store sold finished compositions bulbs in two forms: solution and dry mix
Keep an eye on the amount of nitrogen. The excess of this substance causes "greasing" - the process when developing wonderful leaves, but completely absent bloom.
Maintenance work on protection from pests
Despite the small flowering period, cultivationBulbous irises accompanied by protective measures. To prevent unwanted parasites should be house spraying the plants every two weeks. Start with the period when the leaves reach a length of 10 cm. Usually use "Malathion" (help from herbivorous mites) or generic pesticides. Since the beginning of the appearance of buds treatment is stopped.
Most often, the disease occurs irisesroots and bulbs - bacterial blight, which causes rotting of the individual parts. The plant is dug, diseased parts were removed, washed in potassium permanganate and transplanted to another place
How to identify disease in bearded irises? Usually healthy plant has a bundle of 7-9 leaves, while the patient can not detect more than 5. There is a problem with the formation of flower buds. To dig treatment plant, purified from rot and insects treat antiseptic. If the irises struck thrips, natural waxy coating on the leaves broken.
Prevention is the competent preparation of bulbs for next year - the removal of the old stem with leaves, stems and flowers, which can remain harmful insects.
Traditional care irises guarantees their unusually bright blooms and the ability to create unique flower beds.