plant Encyclopedia

Dicentra ( "broken heart"): planting rules, cultivation and care

Content


Dicentra - name infrequent muchIncreasingly, we hear more imaginative version of "broken heart." This capacious name of the flower was due to a curious form of buds resembling small hearts. Some know this plant as dvushporets - the literal translation of words and kentron dis - "double" and "spur." Rich on the legend of the French flower was named "heart Jeannette," in practical Germans - "heart flower" in ingenious English - "the lady in the bath," but what the Russian people christened him on favorite minor way, "broken heart."

Although many consider this plant is a European, hehomeland - Japan, whence it was brought to Europe only in 1816. Beautiful flower immediately attracted the attention of a bright palette and interesting form of buds, so became a regular gardens aristocrats and nobles. Custom, sophisticated Dicentra gardeners loved so much that even the names of varieties received a "speaking": elegant, beautiful, wonderful, excellent, exceptional.

Dicentra in the flowerbed

Place the plants in a flowerbed or flower bed is selecteddepending on its variety. High magnificent Dicentra looks great in the center of the composition, miniature brodyazhnaya or exceptional - on the edges or along the border

Prepare the soil for flower planting

Although the plant is not capricious, for better floweringsince autumn is to prepare a place for landing and treat the soil. Dicentra feels good and in areas lit by the sun and in the shade of the trees, so the device flowerbed problems should arise. On the shaded areas the buds bloom a little later.

In the autumn should be carefully selected to digfor planting a flower bed at a depth of 40 cm and make it more fertile by adding humus (about 3 kg per m?). For the mineral feeding suitable universal fertilizer for the garden flowers in the amount of 15-20 g per 10 liters of water. Later, when the plant will give the color, it should be 3-4 times to feed - this ensures rapid growth and riotous bloom. After a rain or watering the soil around the bushes should be loosened, but very carefully, because the roots are close to the surface.

Ripper

For weeding and loosening the soil is better to use a tool that resembles a small fork - soil treatment will gentle and fragile roots will not be damaged

The soil should be relatively easy and wellaffliction moisture and air. If the soil is heavy, clayey, it must be diluted with river sand or peat, so as not to provoke a root rot. Many gardeners do in the winter "pie" of dry straw or reed, spreading their layers and alternating with the ground in a specially dug pit.

The best ways of reproduction and transplantation

There are three methods of reproduction Dicentra -dividing rhizomes, aboveground sprouts and seeds. Last path immediately dismisses - the plant is usually a small amount of seed and some varieties (eg, "The Magnificent") in the temperate latitudes in general they do not give. With the cultivation of seeds also have problems, so the best way of reproduction - jigging parts of rhizomes or shoots.

Share the plant is better in late summer, whendie aerial shoots. Roots very carefully break, is removed from the soil and dried - in a slightly sluggish state they become more elastic and less broken. Carefully divide the rhizomes into pieces so that each interval were 3-4 buds to form shoots. Pieces of root buried in the ground at a dimly lit area and abundantly watered with warm water. To protect sections can be sprinkled with ashes. When delenki take root, they can be transplanted to a bed.

The division of the rhizome

For the division of the old bush plants do not fit, you must dig up the whole plant. The rhizome should be carefully disassembled into components, removing dead skin fragments and thin shoots

Early spring is also suitable for the transplantDicentra. It is necessary to choose the moment when the shoots are still "asleep" or just started to grow. The division is best done once in 5-6 years, but at least, as the roots begin to grow old and die.

The procedure for landing following:

  • on a bed dig small holes, the distance between them 30-40 cm (the larger the adult plant, the greater the distance);
  • in each well put 3-4 delenki - for pomp;
  • fill the hole earth, slightly compacted;
  • pour hot water in the sun.

Breeding ground cuttings carried out in the spring. Gently rake the soil at the base of the bush and cut with a sharp knife small part of the plant with the "promenade". Then about a day kept the cuttings in the stimulator for the rapid emergence of the roots and planted in well-watered soil, finally tightly concealing the greenhouse film. About a month later appear roots. For permanent flowering shoots are planted only a year later.

Dicentra in a flowerpot

If it is important to show the beauty and originality of the plant, it is necessary to make a single landing in a flower pot, planter or large ceramic pot

Features of care for this plant

Proper cultivation of Dicentra is constant care, during which it is necessary to monitor lighting, timely watering, weeding and loosening.

The plant blooms equally well in the shade, andthe sun, but the pomp and the timing of its flowering is directly dependent on the degree of illumination. On the open area buds bloom and wither early, and flower stalks are not very magnitude and splendor. On the shaded areas the color is typed slowly, but the "hearts" are bright, large and did not disappear until mid-summer.

Dicentra garden

Dicentra just loves sandy and rocky soil. therefore one of the best places of its location - the gentle slopes along the tracks laid out a stone or brick

expanded clay aggregate

For the device drainage layer located under the top layer of fertile, suitable expanded clay fines, as well as gravel or coarse river sand

Tips for Dicentra care:

  • Saturated color buds provided if the spring to feed the roots of superphosphate, and then in the process of growth to produce 3-4 top dressing.
  • Even after the plant bud is necessary to make fertilizer with a nitrogen content for better form new buds.
  • During a strong reduction plant temperature is better to hide, using non-woven fabric.
  • Withered hand must be removed in time, then the period of the flowering of other branches will last.
  • With the advent of autumn, the aerial parts removed, leaving stumps no higher than 5 cm.

Special attention is required soil. When wetting Dicentra roots begin to rot, so to accommodate the beds is better to choose the raised seats. If the plant is already planted and the soil regularly floods, soil should be artificially raise and equip a flower bed drainage layer and grooves for water drainage. At high temperature, irrigation should be carried out more and more abundant, so that the roots do not dry out. For the delay of moisture and protection against overheating using peat or humus, which spread a thick layer around the base of plants.

The most common variety Dicentra

Lamprocapnos got its namebecause of the size - it is the largest and most luxuriant plant. Adult looks like a copy of the volume covered with openwork foliage and densely studded with blooming bush brushes. The most common tint scale - bright pink, much rarer plants with white flowers. Belotsvetkovye forms have lower growth, but no less lush and decorative.

lamprocapnos

To lamprocapnos again flourished towards the end of summer, you need to use a little trick: after flowering brush gently cut peduncles

Dicentra formosa - a miniature shrubreaching a height of 30 cm. It flowers in small, but exquisite flowers from pale white to bright purple. The flowering period is large enough - from early spring to late summer. Some varieties have an unusual silvery color of leaves, as if covered with a light fuzz. The plant is suitable for decorating the borders and rock gardens.

Dicentra formosa

Dicentra formosa - one of the plants, which manages to produce seeds. This is due to its long flowering period, until the autumn, when there is a full formation of the capsules with seeds

Dicentra exceptional (superior) differssmall stature -. not more than 25 cm on the background of a blue-gray leaves, resembling fern leaves adorn delicate pink, purple or white blossoms. Blossoms modest, not very abundant, for 2 months, and cool in the summer - during the season. This plant is easy to winter forcing.

Dicentra exclusive

Due to the similarity of leaves fern, Dicentra exceptionally ideal for spectacular decoration of the Alpine hills, rockeries or low conifer plantations

The result is a selection of selection Dicentracurly (Laza) - amazing variety, annual plant, native kotorgo assumed Himalayas. It is not the usual kind of bush, and long enough, up to 2 m creeper that blooms with beautiful yellow buds.

Dicentra Laza

Grow winding Dicentra harder than her relatives. Liana require special care and attention, a higher temperature and is absolutely not tolerate the cold

brodyazhnaya Dicentra different smallsize - not more than 15-20 cm and a short back. The flowers are rare, but are large, have a white, pink and red. It has a later flowering period - from July to September. Good feeling in a temperate climate, easy to tolerate cooling.

Dicentra brodyazhnaya

Dicentra brodyazhnaya prefers not waterlogged soil. He likes sandy, gravelly or rocky soil, so it must be used to decorate the alpine slides, talus slopes and

Dicentra - a universal flower, equallysuitable for single and landings, and for decorating flower beds Group. Lower grades are used for decorating lawns, alpine gardens, rockeries and thickets of evergreen shrubs, large - to create lush tiered flower beds around the house.

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