In garden art style is meant bya set of traditions, canons, techniques and principles to ensure the unity of the garden shaped system, its generalized ideological and artistic content. The style of the garden in Japan was influenced by the surrounding nature. The peculiar fauna, island, framed by great waters, short deep rivers, lakes of various origins, beautiful mountains. The geographical features of the country allow even a few meters of the area turned into a full-fledged garden - Japanese rock garden that combines natural, minimalism and symbolism.
The remarkable quality of Japanese cultureIt lies in the fact that everything is new does not destroy or suppress the existing traditions, and processed successfully completing what was created for centuries. Buddhism, which was brought here from the outside, was changed their own world view of the Japanese. So the Japanese formed the philosophical and religious teachings of Zen Buddhism. Under his influence, special gardens were established: the monastery and temple.
The peculiar microcosm, where sand, pebbles, stones and moss created a prototype of the universe
Zen culture has created a garden that could dodispense with plants or have them in the minimum amount. The peculiar microcosm, where sand, pebbles, stones and moss created a prototype of the universe, meant for meditation, deep dive into meditation, contemplation and self-knowledge. The mysterious and incomprehensible to Western man became a rock garden in Japan is the same hallmark as cherry and chrysanthemum. The park and garden culture of other countries, it has no analogues.
History of Japan kept the name of the masterZen, created the first rock garden in Japan. Garden in Kyoto Buddhist temple Ryoanji built Soami master (1480-1525). On site at 10h30 meters are 15 stones arranged in five groups. Tradition dictates to look at rocks from a certain place. If you follow her, a mysterious and inexplicable harmony of the garden you will have on a hypnotic effect.
Japanese style will appeal to those who are willing toabandon the lush splendor of European gardens. Prone to reflection lovers of secluded relaxation will appreciate all the charm of minimalist temple garden. Wants to build a Japanese garden of stones with their hands should take into account the key moments of its formation initially:
- Void - first impressionIt formed at the sight of this garden. Its area shall not be as full, as is customary in European gardens. It is necessary to contrast the perception of open space and occupied space.
- It is necessary to determine the point of contemplation, relativelyand a garden will be focused. Given the glare of the midday sun, to review the terms preferred north side. Depending on the time of day (morning or evening), which will be carried out in the garden, view the object of concentration is placed in the eastern or western part of the plot.
- Asymmetry - the basic principle of Japanese gardens. No need to choose similar-sized stones, place them parallel to each other. Traditional rock garden construction, taking into account a heptagonal geometrical network of lines. In this heptagon size is not so important. Location of objects should be such that each of them could be seen from all vantage points.
- If there is in the area of open water bodies, should be considered a reflection in the water of the garden elements. Is considered important even outline the shadows of objects.
Area rock garden should not be as full as possible
The outline of the shadows and the reflection in the water - all important in the garden of stones
That is what is behind this gardening:
Japanese Culture in Russia paid muchattention. Our fellow citizens are interested in the peculiarities of traditions, ceremonies, philosophy, culture and, of course, the cuisine of this country. continuous self-improvement system "Kaizen", for example, has been used successfully at the Chelyabinsk Pipe Rolling Plant. Is there a private garden of stones.
Left: heptagonal geometrical network of lines - the foundation of building a rock garden; Right: The stone garden Chelyabinsk Pipe Rolling Plant
Today it is often said that the geometriccomponents of the mysterious rock garden Ryoanji temple opened, and its harmony is translated into simple formulas. Yes, I think so ... Or so it seems Europeans. Rock Garden, as well as characters, will forever remain mysterious and incomprehensible to us, even if we learn to imitate their form. Those who want to bring a rock garden on your site should be aware that this is only a copy, recreating the original external form. Although among the copies are masterpieces.