Gardening equipment

How to choose a pump for watering the garden, depending on the water source

How to choose a pump for watering the garden, depending on the water source

To justify the suffering of chalet beds theirowners who spend the whole summer in the concerns about the future of the crop, it is necessary to establish a stable irrigation. However, in rainy years the weather in many respects helps gardeners, but in the heat falls in the morning or evening run around with a watering can, bucket, to "water" planting. And all because the garden plots are still deprived of the central water supply system, and have to get out on their own. Yet there is a way to facilitate irrigation, saving owners from heavy buckets that later haunt pain in the spine. You just go to the store, which sells pumps for watering the garden, and to find the right system.

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How do we get water?

First of all, decide where you take waterfor irrigation. From the viewpoint of the water plants should be warm and supernatant. Cleanliness is not particularly critical. The main thing - that there are no chemicals or other "poison." The best source - this, of course, the rain water, which hosts collected in barrels, basins, and other utensils, placing it under the gutters. If, however, the country dug well or drilled, then take out the water. However, garden plants do not like the "cold shower", which causes root rot, but you can first fill the tank with water, and after warming up in the sun to start watering.

Another good source - home pond,pool or water views. Each water should be updated periodically, so that the vacationers get a double benefit: will pour vegetable garden and clean water works. However, the pools will be useful only if you do not use them for cleaning and disinfecting chemicals. Some gardeners who are lucky enough to have a site near the natural reservoir (rivers, lakes), carry water from there. Based on the fact, which of the above sources of water supplies you choose pumps for irrigation suburban areas.

We select a pump to a water source

Four types of water pumps can be used for horticultural purposes: drum, surface, submerged and drainage.

Watering of containers: barrel pump

Simple to install and easy to use barrel is considered an option. It was created specifically for pumping water from the storage tanks, such as barrels of cubic and so forth.

Barrel pump can pump water from the tanks up to 1.2 m. Depth

Barrel pump can pump water from the tanks up to 1.2 m. Depth

Weight of such systems is not more than 4 kg, so himYou can walk around the area, setting the turn on the vessel, which were placed to collect precipitation. The most common pump for irrigation from the barrel designed for the tank to a depth of 1.2 m. It is fixed on the edge of the container, include the power grid and begin watering. At the pump, there is a pressure regulator with which you can set a higher or lower pressure, filter for debris and hose.

The big plus drum pumps is considered to be lownoise level. If you choose this model, it is necessary to pay attention to how much capacity it is designed as capable of pumped water per hour. Considered the most reliable pumps with a two-step mechanism. They and higher performance and longer service life. So the cottagers, who have a vegetable garden and flower garden reserved a large area, you should pay attention on powerful systems.

Drum pumps for irrigation

Easy barrel pump can be transferred to any place in the site

Barrel pumps are easy to use and the fact that water can be diluted with all sorts of fertilizers and watering the garden ready-made solutions.

Superficial pumps "make friends" with ponds and shallow wells

If the main source of water isnatural or artificial body of water, as well as a pond, a swimming pool or a shallow well, you should buy a surface pump. It is designed for water injection with depths up to 10 meters.

Surface pump

Surface pumps to reduce vibration put on rubber mats

We pose this unit, as a rule, on the ground,injection is performed by using a special water intake hose which is immersed in the source. On the other hand connects the metal tube. Use to bring liquid to the surface of rubber hoses is not recommended because the machine pumps water by suction. From this thin air may form inside the hose. As a result, the wall will shrink, and will not let the water flow is normal move up. Such systems are popular for its ease of installation: you only have to put the unit on a flat, dry surface and attach hoses. Interestingly, these pumps can produce a powerful jet at the level of 30-50 meters, so that from one place you can pour most of the beds.

A spoon of tar! Surface units are very noisy, so they are hidden in the farm building to somehow get rid of the "growl". You can also reduce noise by putting the system on a rubber mat, which suppresses vibration.

Submersible pump: unable to get water from a well

Submersible pumps for use in the gardenrarely, but if at the cottage or punched hole in the well water level is less than 10 meters, it can not do without them. Their lowered below the water level in the source, and the surface of the liquid gets through conventional hoses. An important indicator of submersible systems favor the height to which they are able to raise the water flow. If the well is not deep, the simple model, designed for 40 meters in height, perfectly cope with the rise of the liquid. For larger depths should look for models that are able to push a stream of 80 meters.

Submersible pump

Submersible pumps are difficult to install, so watering is rarely used

Of the minuses can be called the complexity of the installation andmaintenance to be carried out only by professionals, and the need to clean up for the winter, if during this period the system will not be used. And also requires the dismantling of the invited experts. Submersible pumps are available in two versions: vibratory and centrifugal. In vibrating the price is lower, but they are afraid of falling into the mud. Centrifugal lift water due to operation of the blades and wheel with such force that dirty water does not frighten them. But the cost of the above at times.

Dirty pond or swamp: hurry to help drain pump

Drainage pumps are available with different objectives: They pump out flooded premises and cesspools. So no rubbish and debris they are not afraid. To irrigate the beds quite suitable system with macerator to pump cold sinks. If you fall into the mud, leaves and other debris, a chopper to chop them into small pieces and give together with water in the garden. For very dirty natural bodies of water - is the best option, because the other models will be clogged with large solid particles. By the way, grinding sludge and small inhabitants of the reservoir, the pump will provide additional land natural fertilizer.

Drainage pump

Submersible pumps are suitable cottagers who use water from reservoirs

Automatic irrigation pumps timers

Owners who do not have time to dealmany hours of watering, it makes sense to buy a pump for drip irrigation. These systems are equipped with a pressure switch, pressure gauge and pressure accumulator. These mechanisms operate in the prescribed person mode automatically. For drip irrigation is necessary to set a minimum level of pressure, and then the water will flow slow trickle. In such systems, there is both manual and automatic operation, carried out by a timer.

Automatic system

Automatic mode allows you to set, needed for drip irrigation

When selecting a particular pump embodiment payattention to what kind of water it is designed. For example, machines for irrigation can be used only for the wells, wells and tanks, so that any debris will clog the system and quickly put out of action. Other sources (ponds, pools, ponds, etc.) Require drainage and sometimes fecal pump, depending on the degree of water pollution.

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