Do not hope that the state soonIt pleases us quality power supply - without interruptions and voltage fluctuations. Permanent accident at the power lines - it costs darling power laid down in the time of the electrification of Russia in the 20s under the electrification plan. Apparently, in the communist government's plans did not include the electrification of remote places, so it is often left - without a centralized power to this day. As under the current conditions do cottagers, spoiled the benefits of technological progress, which simply refuse to function without electricity? Do not go back to the same old-fashioned methods of lighting - Lucin, oil lamps and candles? The only right decision - the creation of an autonomous power supply of its garden site with a generator, which can be both permanent and emergency power supply. But how to choose this miracle of technology - tricky question for many people who are faced with such terms as volts and amps last time in high school. Just want to give some advice - if you do not know where to buy this wonderful machine, then go to the store Energy Broker - there you will be able to make a pre-project survey, based on which you have a particular model selected. Well, if you just want to glean useful information and do not know where to go - do not worry, we will help you quickly understand this daunting at first glance, the problem.
Fuel electricity generator - thisa kind of mini power station operating autonomously. What is needed for its operation? A small amount of fuel - petrol, diesel or gas, which is consumed within 0.5 liters to produce 1 kW / h, depending on the generator power. You simply pour combustible mixture into the tank from where it enters the combustion chamber. With the help of a spark ignited the mixture and heat, which is released in the combustion process, is converted into electricity.
If you are thinking about buying a generator, theFirst of all, decide on what type of fuel it should work. Depend on these technical parameters and characteristics of the generator, such as: power, noise, mobility, durability, price, and other.
Thus, it is necessary to choose among generatorswhich are most often used to power homes, namely petrol, diesel and gas. Gas generators have not received so widespread as generators running on gasoline and diesel fuel, due to its high cost, bulkiness and the need to connect to the main gas supply system. Therefore, the choice of the generator for the house in the country, by and large, is reduced to the decision - petrol or diesel source of electricity that will be.
Before you start to pick up the generator,Determine what you need a source of electricity - permanent or temporary (seasonal, emergency). If you are using the cottage all year round, the best option would be a diesel generator - it is more suited for continuous operation than gasoline. In addition, its safety margin above - diesel engine will last you longer than a generator that runs on gasoline. And yet, the lineup of diesel generators modifications include more powerful model than gasoline power - this fact will allow you to connect more appliances to the unit on diesel.
When choosing a generator, determine whether you use it seasonally or year-round and calculate the load - power plug appliances
Do not forget to take into account that diesel fuel cheaper viewsfuel than petrol and at constant connecting the house to the generator, the fuel mixture will need a lot. So use a gasoline generator may result, "a lot of money."
What are the negative aspects of the applicationdiesel generator? First of all, power units for diesel fuel are a decent amount - from 20 thousand rubles.. up to 1 mln. rubles. and higher. Although a little calms the fact that the initial capital investment in a diesel generator quickly pay for themselves. Another disadvantage that you will encounter during use powerful diesel power plant - high noise operation, requires the allocation of a separate room with a sound insulation and forced ventilation system.
High noise high-power diesel generators and exhaust gases generated by their work, are forced to place this equipment out
Thorough ventilation is necessary in the case ofuse a gasoline generator - do not forget that the principle of operation of these units is similar to the operation of an automobile engine, and it is inevitably accompanied by the formation of exhaust gases. Only diesel fuel combustion products more corrosive than gasoline and force the system to equip more serious removal of volatile toxic substances.
Not a bad option, which will help to resolvethis problem - installation of a diesel generator outside the home. But such a decision entails everything canopy and hardware locking system to protect against theft.
Starting the gasoline generator is possible at a temperature of minus 20 degrees Celsius, diesel - not below minus 5 degrees. A significant drawback of diesel generators -the complexity of the start at low temperatures, which is extremely important for our climate. However, there are models of stationary units Local in a protective casing, which allows to place the equipment on the street and generate electricity regardless of the cold weather.
In general, if we sum up our thinking, buying a diesel generator would be a reasoned decision, if the cottage is used all year or is equipped with a large number of appliances.
How to choose a generator, if the cottage is usedseasonal or if your site is connected to the central grid and requires a backup power supply? With such input data in the most rational way to organize an independent electrical suburban area will petrol generator which attracts with its low cost in the range of 3 to 50 thousand. Rub., Sometimes higher. That generator gasoline is best to cope with small loads in a small house, not stuffed with an extensive list of electrical appliances.
The relatively light weight - up to 100 kg, compactness and mobility contribute to the fact that gasoline generators are most commonly used for power supply of suburban areas
The cost of the generator depends on gasolinepower unit, engine performance, fuel consumption indicator, the manufacturer. The average price of diesel generator is twice the price of gasoline counterpart of the same capacity.
If you need to perform any work onsite requiring a mains connection, you can easily move the gasoline generator - usually the mass of the machine is small, it is compact and mobile. Slight noise produced gasoline generator, allows its placement in the room and does not require additional insulation. So if you face the dilemma of how to take a generator for seasonal applications, buy petrol version - and you will not regret it.
Gasoline Generator performs the best option for seasonal cottages electricity supply
Gasoline generator noise level is around 50 decibel diesel - from 80 to 100 decibels.
Speaking of the generator as a backupsource of electricity - in the event of sudden power centralized power, the gasoline generator will also be the best choice. By investing minimal money to buy gasoline generator of low power, it will not be hurt if during the summer season, you will use it a few times.
If we talk about such a generator indicator asperformance, the range of gasoline generators capacity ranges from 0.6 to 7 kW. Practice shows that the supply of electricity to a small enough country house plant with a capacity of 1 kW. This machine pulls modest lighting, TV, fridge, small gas boiler and a low-power downhole pump. If the same set of appliances is wider, you may need gasoline generator power from 3 kW and more. As for producers, provide maximum reliability equipment purchase gasoline production Honda, Subaru, Kohler.
When choosing a generator for power supply at home, pay attention to its power - it will depend on how many appliances you can connect
When choosing an electric power,add up the power ratings of all the appliances in your home and add an additional 30% - supply of power to the load peaks that occur when you turn on the refrigerator, washing machine, well pump, power tools and other powerful electrical appliances. Another important thing to think about - the cost of 1 kWh generated by the unit capacity of 5 kW on gasoline will be about 8 rubles, diesel -. About 6 rubles, gas -. 4.5 rubles.
For suburban estates equipped with the mostpossible set of technical systems, gasoline generator will not work. Therefore, the question arises what is best diesel unit will behave as an autonomous power plant? Based on experience, the power of about 10 kW will be enough for the advanced country house full "ammunition" household appliances, centrifugal pump and a gas boiler, video surveillance system and automatic gates. Among the manufacturers of diesel power plants favorably of Yanmar, Deutz, Isuzu, Honda, Kohler.
Gas generators are gaining latelygreat popularity among owners of private houses. The power of this equipment varies from 0.8 to 24 kW and allows the flexibility to approach the selection of the installation that meets your holiday needs of the economy. The same success enjoyed by gas generators Reg companies, Gazlux, Greenpower, Mirkon, Kohler, Honda.
In the context of cottages best option would be compact and mobile power generator - you can easily carry it in the territory to perform various chores
To sum up, when buying a generator, to determine for what purpose you need it, think for power consumption and choose the type of fuel, which will operate the unit.