Classic «type toilet toilet" with pitpit and distributed around the unpleasant odors in the toilet as a suburban few people are attracted to. Some people prefer to arrange a toilet with a septic tank, a considerable number of gardeners choose today and composting toilets, which began to be used on our sites. In order to understand how to choose a bio-toilet for the cottages, to start to deal with their species, we are going to do in this article.
The main advantage lies in the dry closet thatit functions autonomously, for its installation does not need to spend time digging arrangement sewer or sump. The products of human activity in such a device are converted into compost or liquid with virtually no odor, waste or organically cleaned or processed with chemicals.
There are several types of composting toilets depending on the type of purification of waste - composting, chemical, electrical and peat. Consider each of their details.
This eco-friendly option, completely eliminating the use of chemicals. Peat called composting toilets yet, because the processing of waste into compost which is obtained - an excellent fertilizer.
Well-Equipped peat bio-toilet has a lot of advantages - sustainability, security + obtained by processing manure
Budget option Peat biotoilets from cheap plastic. Construction convenient, practical, if you are not too concerned about appearance - is a good option to give
Such a need to equip the toilet ventilation,therefore it requires a fixed installation. its size slightly larger than the average toilet seat, so that it will fit in any room that you choose to take for him. Externally peat toilet is not much different from the chemical - it has two tanks, instead of only in the upper water is peat. In such no water flushing toilets.
When the wastes fall into the lower tank, theybackfilled with a layer of peat, there is a special lever for this. Part of the liquid waste is removed by evaporation through the vent pipe, absorbs another part of peat. If the toilet is used too often, it can be formed over the liquid. In this case, you need to use a hose, which displays already filtered liquid. When the lower tank is full, the waste discharged from it in the compost pit as a fertilizer can not be used immediately. Only for the year in a compost pit they become organic fertilizer, useful for plant nutrition.
At the bottom of the peat container toilet has a large volume. If you purchase a toilet with a capacity of 120 liters, with a part of a family of 4 people it will need to be cleaned once a month.
To use this toilet is necessary to periodically renew the reserves of peat, but with the raw materials purchase for no work today, the problems of dry closets
Peat toilet, wherein a stylish modern design, with ventilation exiting through the roof - a stark contrast to the small shed, with a cesspool
For proper installation of ventilationcorrugated pipe set into the opening for ventilation on the lid and withdraw the pipe through the wall or through the roof (tube length - within 4 m), the withdrawal of the wall - at an angle of 45 °.
This suite can only be set if therehas a socket. Externally it is very similar to the toilet. To operate the fan and the compressor from the mains power is required. It will be necessary also to equip ventilation through the wall of the house or through the roof.
This toilet waste initially divided intosolid and liquid. Compressor dry solid fraction, turning them into powder for collection is lower container, the hose liquid is discharged into the drainage ditch.
Electric toilets one model in different colors. Modern design allows even the country in field conditions to create coziness and comfort
Electric bio-toilet is comfortable to use, consumes minimum power, has a convenient cleaning system. But it can be installed only in the presence of electricity, and it is expensive.
Chemical toilets Country house - small andcompact, easy to transport and install in the right place. Any portable toilet has two branches - located at the bottom of the tank waste, at the top - seat and tank water. All chemical toilets have the same structure, they differ in the tank volume of the waste and some features for ease of use.
Portable chemical bio-toilet - very compact and lightweight. This compact design distinguishes this kind of summer dry closets
Toilet could have Electropomp or hand wash, an indicator showing the degree of filling of the tank waste.
Work chemical toilets as follows. After rinsing waste water, they fall into the lower tank. Here, a chemical involved in the processing of their product is odorless, deodorized drains, gassing process is reduced to a minimum. Selection of composting toilets, at the basis of which is the use of chemicals, is quite wide.
Figure shows the operation of the chemical dry closet - after flushing water and waste transferred to the lower tank, where are processed by chemical means
Different toilets use different drugs:
- of the bacterial preparation comprises live microorganisms, such processing product can be used as fertilizer;
- liquid based on ammonium are harmless, their chemical component is decomposed in average in a week;
- toxic formaldehyde products may be used if it is possible to pour off-site waste and green spaces.
Use the bottom of the toilet tank is convenient: it is hermetically sealed so that no bad smell, you do not feel, after filling it is necessary to disconnect from the top of the container and bring them to the place reserved for drainage. Thereafter, it is necessary to wash tank, to fill anew the chemical preparation and attach to the upper tank.
When choosing a toilet, pay attention to the size oftank. If the toilet is to be used infrequently a small number of people approach the tank volume of 12 liters, for frequent use is better to choose bigger tank.
There are also cassette chemical toilets. They are installed permanently, and the waste tank is located behind the door at the rear of the cab. From there, she goes for cleaning and washing. These toilets are hygienic, thanks to their light weight easy to carry. As can be noted the lack of necessity of constant purchasing him.preparatov.
Each bio-toilet, but it works autonomously,need for certain components. For the operation of electrical power requires a dry closet, chemical - the purchase and replacement of drugs for peat biotoilets need peat, which also constantly need to buy.
Using modern portable sinks andcomposting toilets, you can arrange for yourself at the cottage comfortable, even if you have not yet completed house, or you do not plan to carry out water and sanitation
But it is not so much trouble, iftake into account all the ease of use of such important tools to maintain the site clean and your comfort. We hope that our brief overview to help you understand what biotoilet better and choose the appropriate option.