Cucumbers like any vines, tryingbe caressed by the sun's rays, obvivaya their thin stems found in the way of support, tend upwards. In the wild, these pillars are the next growing trees. When growing cucumbers in a crop in order to facilitate their care and to obtain a rich harvest constructing a trellis. How to make a trellis for cucumbers with a minimum of effort and cost, and thus creating a robust and durable design, take a closer look.
Growing cucumbers on a trellis muchmore productive than in the distance. This is due to the fact that the vertical placement of the culture can get rid of last year's "reservoir" of infection spores in the soil. And even in contact with water pathogenic spores to the lower leaves of the plant, they do not spread further, dries quickly with dew drops.
Tapestry - construction consisting of supports and stands, which stretched wire or harness for the entanglement of fine stems of climbing plants
Under the arrangement of the supporting structures are often used ready-made vertical surfaces, building trellises using stretched wire near the walls, pillars and fences.
Tapestry can be used in the cultivation of cucumbers as the open field and in greenhouses. This setup has many indisputable advantages, the main among which:
- Saving land area. The bed, equipped with a trellis cucumbers, takes up little space, but it is able to accommodate twice as many plants.
- Reducing the risk of disease culture. By eliminating contact of the stem and leaves of the vines to the ground, the easiest way to prevent the loss of culture downy mildew and powdery mildew.
- Acceleration of the process of vegetation. In a well-ventilated crops is not so noticeable diurnal temperature difference. Due to the vertical growing plant gets more light and heat, which has a positive effect on its development.
- The increase in yield. As the experience of gardeners who use trellises for growing cucumbers, with the right care from the site area of only 5 square meters can collect up to 80 kg Zelentsy healthy. Hanging with lashes vegetables are not deformed and have a uniform saturated color.
- Relief care culture. Braided twigs, vine evenly distributed support. This greatly simplifies the handling of the stems and leaves of plants from pests and conducting feeding and watering.
- Collection of pure crop. Due to the vertical placement of the culture ripened fruits do not touch the moist soil, eliminating spotting them.
And the harvest with trellis takes a minimumtime and effort. Between two vertical supports convenient to move. Due to the uniform distribution of plants on the support when removing the fruit easiest way to prevent wrinkles and damage graceful stems.
With a vertical growing culture there is no need to search through all the foliage in search of fruit, given that the growing season stalk can reach three meters
This method of cultivation is convenient and the fact that when the fruit ripened ripping your skin less injured by the thinnest needle of small spines, which are often present on the stems of cucumber.
Support for cucumber trellis vines can have a variety of designs in the form of:
The function of the design support legs can performmetal pipes, wooden beams or cement piles. The grid can be made of hemp twine interwoven ropes, metal wires or special plastic.
Often, gardeners, trying to minimize the cost of production design, construct trellis of metal driven into the ground stakes between which pull PVC mesh
Finished PVC mesh that is sold inhorticultural centers in the footage, the upper edge fix the wire to the posts. The lower edge of the grid bury in the ground, clutching made of stiff wire hooks.
This trellis its canopy capable pritenit vulnerable to the sun shade-loving vegetable crops: beans, rhubarb, chard, arugula, mustard greens
Beautifully decorated trellis for cucumbers will adorn the site, speaking the original decorative design element.
There are many ways to build a trellis for cucumbers by hand. Everything depends on the size of the allocated area at their arrangement and production of selected material.
On the construction of a wooden trellis takes only a couple of hours. To construct it, when the seeds are already planted in the ground, but the first seedlings had not yet appeared.
Before you begin to do trellis for cucumbers, should decide what plan is design.
Tapestry on wooden racks can take the form of an elegant staircase with rigid crossbeams or translucent vertical screens made of thin strips
In any case, it should be noted that the extremerack trellis should be strong intermediate, as they will take on the entire series of the load. For example, in the manufacture of trellis height of 2.7 m is to choose everything for end supports beams cross section 50 mm and the intermediate - 35 mm.
For the production of tapestries, which will serve notone season, it is better to choose hard wood, such as chestnut, oak, mulberry, ash. Not suitable for this purpose, poplar, maple or birch, as they are most susceptible to rotting. To prolong the life of wooden elements before their recessed in the ground, cover the bars in 1-2 layers varnish or antiseptic composition.
No less presentable looks trellis, in the construction of cells which replace wooden slats sturdy harnesses strung between the frame bars
The work is carried out in several stages:
- Installing the supporting pillars. Along the edges of the beds next drive in the support legs, placing them at a distance of 1.5-2 m. For firmly standing structure that can withstand the load of its own with harvest, bars under the trellis digged to a depth of 60 mm.
- Securing bearings. To make the design of a slightly inclined position of the anchor support edge set at an angle of 70 ° relative to the ground surface. Anchor inclined support you need to use guy wires, the free edges of which strapped to the metal corners, recessed into the ground at an angle of 90 °.
- The construction of the frame. To the upper edges of the vertical poles with nails nailed the horizontal crosspiece. It will be the framework for which is attached crate of thinner strips.
- Performing crates. Thin rails 30 mm thick bolted to the frame on the screws so as to obtain a cell size of 15 cm. The joints can be further glue waterproof glue.
You want to trellis carrying not onlyfunctional load, but also acted garden decoration? Then provide to its original arched structure, which cut pattern is not difficult from wood residues. Dougie and construction segments to connect easily, "planted" them on the glue and staples, and very attached to the arch support by bolting.
Cells can be given a diamond shape or square, if desired crate easy to "drown" in the frame, cutting the edge strips
In the manufacture of trellis mesh for fasteningit is useful to frame brackets which can be done from conventional nails. To this end, several slats nailed nails, placing them at a distance of 40-60 cm. If you wish, you can nail heads slightly bent, giving them the shape of hooks. It remains only to each bracket to tie a thick rope and pull it parallel to the ground, strapped to the free end of the supporting pillars standing next.
By the same principle, and the vertical pullthread. To create a mesh with a mesh vertical twist yarn first with a transverse wire, and then the free ends bolted to the pegs driven into the ground.
For the construction of such a structure will require more effort, but it will last is not exactly a dozen years.
Racks of metal rods can be placed at a distance of 2-4 meters, but if you allow materials that support still stands have thicker
To work required:
- reinforcement rods in length of 180-200 cm;
- thin tube to the crossbar;
- metal pegs;
- arc welder;
- garden drill and hammer;
- steel wire.
In the place of installation of support posts viagarden drill holes performed depth of 35-45 cm. They are inserted into pre-cut metal bars. Installed in pit Pillars "to drive" into the ground with a hammer. The remaining spaces between the rods and the walls of the pits filled with soil and tamped firmly.
The vertical supports are connected to each other, paving the upper edge between the horizontal bar, the metallic elements are joined by electric welding
To protect the structure from rust lesions, all the elements should be cleaned and covered with a rust inhibitor, or oil paint.
To build a structure frame, go toarrangement of blades for obpletaniya. You can use a steel wire, which is easy to pull between the crossbar and into the ground hammered metal pegs. They are located at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other on both sides of the beds.
To create the most solid construction,you should use a wire of at least 2 mm thick. To create a mesh wire fabric arranged in several rows, pulling the supports starting from a height of 15-20 cm, and every two feet. Upper row desirably formed of thicker wire (d = 3,5 mm), since it will carry the main load.
A metal trellis is a fairlyponderous structure, which is difficult to move every season on the site, ensuring the organization of the earth rotation. To simplify your work on the installation site for the next season can be planted curly beans or peas.
For the construction of economical cost optiontrellis need second-hand tire. It will be the "heart" design. It is best suited for this purpose the tire from large vehicles: a tractor, combine or truck. The role of the upper part of the support structure will serve as a bicycle rim, from which you must first unscrew all the spokes.
Tapestry of a bicycle rim thanks presentable appearance by right mind can be original element of vertical gardening and elegant decoration area
First of all, with the help of the Bulgarian bus cutalong. Cut part of the stack on a place of the future bed. In the center of the circle 2 metal rods inserted 1.5-2 m height by placing them so that the design was shaped hut.
Then, in the center of the circle located inside the tent, and into the cavity cut tires spiked fertile soil.
The space remaining on the wheel must be"Hide", covering the cutting of old burlap. The edges of the cuts tuck, hiding under laid on the ground bus, thereby giving more accurate view of a bed.
In lined with burlap at equidistantcut away a few holes for transplanting. To protect tender seedlings of temperature fluctuations on the perimeter of a makeshift beds pull agrovoloknom, lifting it only temporarily loosening and irrigation. Take off the covering material along with the sacking after became strong shoots reach a height of 15-20 cm, and the ambient temperature can settle permanently.
To create a vertical surface at the centerRound beds set a pillar on which is fixed with a wire wheel of the bicycle. The easiest way to do this, turn to pass through the holes for the spokes on the opposite sides of the rim four wire, and then tightly wrapping it around the top of the rod.
To make an edge can only pull the wire through the holes for spokes in a few places, connecting the edges of the rim and the tire base.
When the cucumber vines with leaves will embrace stretched wire trellis will be similar to the green tent.