Fences are an integral partarrangement of suburban areas. Fences are not only reliable protection from prying eyes and uninvited "guests". They are the finishing touch to the integrity of the architectural ensemble. Beautiful, elegant and robust enclosures, being the "face" of the plot, designed to maintain its aesthetic qualities. When preparing any fence attention always paid to selecting and installing items such as supporting pillars. Right hand made poles for the fence will enhance the strength of the structure and its complement on the design and style.
Choosing the material for the supporting pillars need tofocus on what they need to withstand the load of the fence sections, mechanical shock and strong wind loads. The rustic building with the most commonly used construction fences, metal, wood, concrete or brick pillars.
Metal poles universal in application, as appropriate for the construction of fences made of metal grid or mesh, wooden picket, plastic sections and sheeting.
Metal structures made from hollow tubes and are durable, resistant and durability
Quality wood is expensive. But, unfortunately, even high-quality species of trees are not very durable outdoors. Compared with metal poles, the life of which is about half a century, wooden structures, even with proper treatment can last for no more than two or three decades. Therefore, most often they are used in the regeneration of low fences, front gardens and temporary fences.
Wooden poles - one of the easiest options for fencing arrangement, but not the cheapest. Fences made of wood - is always aesthetically pleasing and prestigious
Concrete and brick pillars advisableinstalled only when the device heavy fences. However, sometimes people set brick pillars as a decoration. In this case, they serve as an excellent "business card" for a wealthy area.
Concrete poles are relatively expensive and technologically. They, like metal support poles are durable and long-lasting
Brick pillars - one of the most expensive options for arrangement of the fence. Due to the diversity of modern building materials are brick fences adorn the facade
When deciding to build the fence, it is necessary to outlineits location on the site and calculate the future pillars. Competent settlement will prevent distortion and the lowering of the building envelope during operation.
On average, the distance between the pillars does not exceed 2.5-3 meters
The required number of columns depends on the length of the entire building envelope and the size of the fence sections.
poles for fencing installation method is determined by the design feature of the fence and ground character.
Installation of poles for a fence of a universalthe method is well suited for the installation of metal, concrete and wooden structures on stable ground nevlagonasyschennyh. This method involves digging a hole under a support pillar of the installation and filling the remaining space with concrete.
The use of the drill will greatly facilitate the process of digging wells and dredging
To increase drilling efficiency, you can use the water that is poured into the hole and waiting 10-15 minutes in order to ground it has become more soft and supple.
To set the pillars up to one and a half meters is enough to dig a hole depth of 0.5 m, and for the installation of a high supporting pillars -. 0.8 m in average pole deepened by 1/3 of its length.
Determined to dig the support poles for the fence on nepuchinistyh soils, and can do without the use of concrete
Council. It suffices to use a drill, the diameter of which corresponds to the diameter of the blades completely column. This will avoid "fluffing" the area near barrel: poles are included in the ground tightly and do not require additional concreting. But this method requires proficiency strictly vertical drill holes.
But how to set up the pillars for the fence on the "complex"Soils with a high level of ground water? Indeed, in such circumstances, you must bury the support structure below the level of soil freezing, as is the traditional concreting base is troublesome and costly exercise. In such cases, before installing supports the bottom of the pit is lined with a layer of rubble 15-20 cm in height.
Poles are immersed in well and are aligned with the vertical spirit level or plumb. After that empty space on the entire circumference of the pillars is filled with a layer of gravel
This crushed stone "cushion" at the same time actsdrainage of the support structure and mitigates the impact forces of frost heaving. gravel layer should not reach the ground level at 12-15 cm: the remaining space is concreted wells with fresh solution.
Pile pillars is one of the easiest and cheapest ways of supporting the installation of metal structures.
This method is effective in the construction of fences on malokamenistyh soils, which contain layers of solid rock
Score small half meter polesIt can be sampling by conventional sledge. For the installation of the three-meter towers, you can use "grandmother" - a device for zakolachivaniya piles, pipes or poles in the ground
The design is a meter segmentpipe, one end of which is tightly brewed and weighted up to 15-20 kg. When zakolachivaniya "Grandma" design guide is in the pipe, which improves the accuracy of the strike, because it must be performed strictly according to the axis of the object.
When driven in columns using the "grandmother"difficulty may arise when lifting structure. To facilitate the work can be welded to it long handles, which are rearranged as plugging in the most comfortable position.
Traditionally, these poles are erected on a concretetape or pier foundation. Strip foundation is a solid reinforced concrete strip depth of 500-800 mm, width is 100 mm longer than the width of the fence.
Because of brick pillars are quite heavy construction to deliver brick pillars for fence must be made melkozaglublennoe base
For the construction of such a foundation is necessary to dig a trench. At the bottom of the trench are driven pipe, which later will serve as a basis for brick pillars.
The trench is filled 300 mm layer of sand, crushed stone, broken bricks and tightly tamped
Along the perimeter of the trench installed shuttering, equipped in such a way as to prevent loss of moisture from the concrete solution and provide waterproofing design.
formwork assembly clearly shown in the video:
After shuttering arrangement to begin knittingreinforcing cage and pouring concrete trench mortar. Concrete solidifies within 5 days, but you can start to build the fence a couple of days after the laying of the base.
Application of piles can significantly reduce the cost of the construction process. The cost of the screw base is much lower in comparison with the traditional columnar or tape.
In recent decades, in the construction of the fence posts as a reliable base often use screw piles
The piles are easy to install manually orthe involvement of small-scale mechanization. They are like the "screws" are screwed into the ground, compacting as mezhlopastnoe burial space, and form a reliable basis for heavy construction applications.
screw piles installation technology: