Long past the time when the lighting of the apartment was lonely hanging chandelier, floor lamp in the sofa or sconces by the bed. Now there are many ways to turn your apartment into a real theatre of light and shadows. So, with the help of light you can create any atmosphere in your home, from soft dusky female boudoir to bright light surgery. The light is able to hide the flaws of the room and highlight its advantages.
Virtually no modern apartment is not complete without spotlights. They help to create a comfortable atmosphere for work and leisure. They can be used to illuminate the mirror, remove the dark and gloomy corners, to highlight work areas, etc. spotlights in the modern world become the main instrument of control of the light. The result is a huge selection of different design and purpose.
In order to choose the lamp you need to decide what function it will perform. So, spotlights can be used for main lighting, but this option is suitable only for small.
With lighting of this type it is possible to organize the zoning of the premises. To achieve this effect using a variety of lamp and bulb for lamps.
Focusing on objects can also be achieved with the help of spotlights. To do this, use a small swivel lamps-floodlights, which illuminate the paintings, mirrors, successful design solutions, etc.
The main purpose of the spotlights is the organization of additional lighting.
Consider the classification of spotlights. Knowledge of this classification will help to determine his choice.
The type of installation the luminaires are divided into:
- mortise – often used in the hinged construction (stretch and suspended ceilings, furniture), and for this they make a hole in the shape of a lamp;
- hinged – these lights are fixed to the surface using screws and screws, it is possible that the lights are fixed on the bracket, and the bracket to the desired surface.
For the purpose:
ceiling – can be installed on suspended and plasterboard ceilings;
furniture – installs in closets, the closets and hanging cupboards, for them, according to the rules of fire safety, it is necessary to use low-voltage halogen lamps or LEDs, they are embedded to a depth that allows installing them even in DSP.
stationary – used for continuous bright light;
rotary – becoming increasingly popular, as they give the ability to change the light pattern in the room at any time.
The types of lights used:
- lamps with incandescent bulbs can meet less often, as their depth of embedding about 7 cm, with the result that the ceiling is significantly lowered, the advantages of these lamps are: easy replacement, warm soft light and low cost;
- fluorescent lamps have a greater luminous efficiency compared to incandescent bulbs, the light they emit that is closest to the natural spectrum. The disadvantages are the lack of security in environmental terms, as they contain mercury and harmful, due to the slight flicker and discontinuous spectrum;
- halogen bulbs last much longer than traditional incandescent bulbs, and the color and brightness of the lighting they have the better the energy consumption when using low;
- led bulb is a real sensation in the field of lighting, they can be installed in closed, poorly ventilated areas, they are environmentally friendly and do not require recycling, no UV radiation allows to use them for illumination of objects of art, they are absolutely safe to view as I don’t have a flicker and they significantly save power.
Examined the classification of point lights used in these lamps, it is easy to see that the led type bulbs, the most promising and profitable. How to choose led bulbs for spotlights? Usually, buying light bulbs, we drew attention to the number of Watts that speaks to their power and brightness. Led bulbs brightness and power is estimated in a different way. Common now opinion that the more power, the brighter the lighting is wrong. The led wattage is not the main indicator.
So, led bulbs produce the same brightness as a sixty watt incandescent light bulb, while power consumption is 8-12 watts, to replace the brightness of the thirty-five watt halogen bulb can led lamp power 12-16 W.
As a result of these divergences was introduced the unit of measurement is the lumen, which determines the ratio of power and brightness. Below is a table that helps to select power led lamp.
Led bulb is capable of producing a wide range of colors, from purple to red. Buying led lamps, you should pay attention to the number of Kelvins indicated on packaging. The light from usual bulbs is in the range of 2700 – 3000 degrees Kelvin. The higher the Kelvin number, the colder and the brighter the light. You should not choose too bright, sharp light, as it negatively affects vision.
It is believed that the led bulb is quite expensive, but when you consider the fact that this type of lamp is much longer and consumes much less energy than conventional incandescent bulbs, and the light from them is much brighter, it turns out that their price is justified.
Led bulbs in spotlights can work around 8000 hours. If the switching happens too often and there is no voltage, this number can increase.
The performance of led bulbs is in direct proportion to the location of use. When using them indoors, you can use any devices.
If a lamp is operated on the street then you need to install special street lamps.
Led lamp can be installed in two ways:
- with the help of the cartridge;
- contacts in the lamp housing.
Buying an led light bulb separately from the lamp it is necessary to know the size of the cartridge. Most often used for spot lighting lamp socket mp-16 gu5 is justified by the fact that they are easy to install.
Video: Led spot lamp LED45
Often the owners, making repairs, paying maximum attention to living rooms, oblivious to the hallway. Meanwhile, it is the hallway – the first room that people see, going to the threshold.
To create a special design in it will help the right lighting. In rooms with wooden or flammable materials can be used all types of lamps. For such premises, suitable fixtures, which are led bulbs.
In the hallway is better to install six or eight of these lights, placing them symmetrically on opposite walls. In this case, the light will be reflected from the walls, thus visually making the space wider and brighter lighting.
The visual increase of the room also contributes to the use of lamps and sconces made of aluminum and glass. If the hall is dominated by wood materials, it is better to use a classical wooden lamps.
Using led lighting, you can make a bathroom more than just a functional room, and a Spa with a relaxing perfumed bath and shower with massage.
Led lamp in the bathroom can be used for the Central lighting, and for illumination of mirrors, shelves, showers, baths.
In the bathroom it is better to install low-voltage lighting fixtures that need to be sealed.
Led lamps have a varied degree of protection against solid particles and moisture. The level of protection is indicated by IP and two digits. First digit – level of protection against solids, the second against moisture. For example, «IP 20» — protection level from dust 2, from moisture – 0. In the figure given below, the designated zone of danger of penetration of moisture and the necessary degree, which should be inherent in fixtures in this area.
Video: Installation of spotlights in the bathroom
It was in the kitchen is the most active part of life owners of the apartment. To make this space more comfortable will help unusual and the right lighting.
Installation the only main light source in the kitchen is not the best option. From ornate chandelier should be abandoned, such a chandelier will be hard to clean and gets dirty quickly, as in the kitchen are greasy evaporation.
One of the most appropriate lighting options for the kitchen is the installation of ceiling Nickel rods, which are attached to led lights. It’s comfortable and looks very stylish.
The working area of the kitchen (cutting table, stove, sink) should also have additional lighting. Very suitable for this furniture led spot lights. For these purposes, you can use linear led lamps.
Due to their design they are almost invisible, but provide very effective lighting.
Often, these lamps have a touch control system, it is enough to touch the back of his hand to turn on or off, which is a very convenient feature for use in the kitchen.
Video: Lighting kitchen countertops LEDs
So, we have considered all of the features of led spotlights. I hope that this article will help you to choose the right lighting. A successful repair!