Heating and ventilation

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

Air conditioning is a type of home HVAC equipment that is designed to create a comfortable climate in the room. Depending on the size, configuration, purpose of the room depends on the choice of a particular type of this technique of control of the microclimate of the premises. In order to expand, improve temperature control in the room, reducing the negative impact on people, their industrial, domestic, commercial types are constantly evolving, improving. Known manufacturers of HVAC equipment don’t skimp on the insertion of resources in the scientific research compound your business. Thereby, the user can easily find the perfect option.

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

Varieties of air conditioners ↑

Currently, this technique varies in accordance with temperature control, use, place mount.

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

Inverter. Household air conditioning equipment of this type operates on the principle of conversion of electrical AC voltage to DC, then form the alternating current required frequency. Because of this, changes the frequency at which the compressor rotates the motor in consequence of air change performance. Regulation of this type of HVAC equipment can be carried out smoothly

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

Non. The optimum temperature of the air when using this type is maintained by periodic on / off of the compressor. In this regard, consumed a large amount of electrical energy. They are harder to set up, slower to change temperature of the room. Lower cost – a significant advantage over non-inverter air conditioners.

Features of air conditioners ↑

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

This type of HVAC equipment installed in private homes, apartments, cottages, small firms, organizations, offices.

  • Wall. Ideal for areas that are characterized by small size. They are divided into two subspecies: the split-system or multi-split system. The first consists of two blocks (the outer large, the inner small). The outdoor unit holds the most noisy elements. The second consists of several of the several indoor units that are attached to the outside (thanks to this structure, preserving the appearance of the building). These conditioners are in the form of a picture.
    Types of air conditioners and their characteristics
  • Window бп1500 (monoblock). This species belongs to the oldest types of home HVAC equipment. Characterized by mounting in the window aperture, thus, in which one part of it with the compressor went out on the street, and the part where there is a control panel housed inside of the window in the room. Unlike the new, modern brands of window air conditioners (characterized by quiet operation), the old brand of the air conditioner was quite noisy. Window air conditioners have reasonable pricing, easy to mount.
    Types of air conditioners and their characteristics
  • Outdoor (monoblock). The main advantage of this type of climatic home appliances – easy, easy mount. It can be connected independently, without recourse to specialists. Also to the advantage of the outdoor monobloc type of equipment for climate control in the room will include its portability. They are equipped with special wheels, thanks to which they can be easily moved from one room to another. Have the drawbacks of high noise, it is more expensive in comparison with split system.
    Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

Features of commercial air conditioners (semiindustrial) ↑

This type of climatic home appliances mounted on commercial buildings (shops, restaurants, cafes, pavilions, etc.).

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

  • Channel type. It is mounted in a suspended ceiling. Thanks to this location, completely hides the inner block. Kondicionirovanie air is placed in the air duct system and the ceiling space. They can serve several rooms, areas. Mainly the use of duct type air conditioning is in the rooms in which you want to hide the equipment for air-con..
  • Cassette type. Mounted in suspended ceilings. With their help, the cooled air is distributed through the bottom of the block and the upper block is hidden in the ceiling space. Due to the fact that the lower part of the unit merges with conventional ceiling tiles, the HVAC equipment fits perfectly into any interior. Conditioners of cassette type are installed in those areas which have a large area. This is because they evenly distribute the cleaned, cooled air in all four directions.
  • Ceiling type. This type of climatic home appliances to be mounted in large rooms that have regular ceilings. To the main advantage of this type include the horizontal distribution of cooled air, without direct impact on the people who are in this room.
  • Column type. This type of climatic home appliances is characterized by powerful centrifugal fan, through which creates a focused stream of air. Its air jet is from 5 m to 12 m length. This allows to uniformly cool the areas with a large area (cafes, restaurants, large stores, supermarkets).

Features of industrial air conditioners ↑

This domestic climate technology design of air conditioning will take on the second plan, and on the first sets – providing optimal air temperature in the room. Characterized by large, large size. They are mounted in larger areas.

Type multizone industrial air conditioning system (URV, VRF systems). Thanks to the new climatic systems in each room creates its own personal microclimate by changing the volume of refrigerant (freon). They accurately regulate the temperature readings (up to 0.5ºC). Installed in administrative, office, industrial buildings, luxury cottages, hotels.

Technical, functional features of air conditioners ↑

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

One of the main and the main constituent elements of the air conditioner include the compressor. Scroll compressor is one of the best. It is characterized by long service life, low noise, vibration, economical use of electrical energy.

When you select this domestic HVAC equipment, special attention must be paid to the levels of noise work. Basically, the outer part of the air conditioner makes a noise ranging from 38 dB to 54 dB, and the inner part is from 26 dB to 36 dB (for example, people in the room usually talking, making noise from 35 dB to 45 dB). Therefore, special attention should be given to the installation of air conditioning in the room where the family relaxes at night – the bedroom. With the Windows closed the noise level of the outdoor unit is not audible.

Also the main components of air conditioners include diagnostic, automatic system. Sometimes, after years of operation of the climatic home appliances it implies a freon (refrigerant). The technique itself should deal with the problem and block starting of the compressor. If the air conditioner does not have this feature and will work with an empty circuit, it will break down quickly.

Refrigerant for air conditioners is divided into the classical R-22 and ozone-friendly. The second type is a bit more expensive than the first.

Good quality conditioners are protected against surges of electricity. With this protection, the fluctuations of electricity all settings are saved by enabling automatic restart. When restoring the voltage of the power grid, they operate in the same mode as before without crashing.

When you purchase this appliance, it is necessary to pay particular attention to the material from which it manufactured, to know the manufacturer. Because, if the technique is qualitative, it is made of first-class materials.

Types of air conditioners and their characteristics

Thus, air conditioning – climatic appliances, due to which optimum temperature is maintained in the room space. Currently being manufactured by the climate control of different types, which are characterized by various functions, excellent quality and reasonable price policy.

For more information about air conditioners, their types, characteristics you can see in the video

Content related