Still at the design stage of a cottage or a country house for permanent residence should think about the water system, because to live without clean, safe water is impossible. Most often the source is a borehole or well, much less an outdoor pond or a Central line. Because of the damaged ecology of the underground reserves has become dangerous to use as drinking water, so be sure to ensure that is an integral part of the system was a water filter for the house, even if you spend only city weekend.
To begin, consider the three types of filtration, familiar to us for use in urban environments. Each of them can come in handy at the cottage as a holiday home in the modern sense is a fully equipped home, with a sound water supply system and the usual points of the analysis, water taps.
The popularity of plastic container with a handle and built-in filter has earned its low price: products of different firms have cost from 300 to 1600 rubles.
Filter pitcher clean water as follows: liquid is poured into the top, passes through a filter and flows into the lower part, where it can be drained through the spout
We can say that the degree of purification of the water in the pitcher satisfactory, as it retains only the visible suspended particles, rust, chlorine, but all the impurities are not removed. From time to time need to change the cartridge (100-300 rubles), a resource which is from 200 to 700 liters. The pitcher is good for make-shift houses that have no running water, therefore no opportunity to use other methods of filtering.
Small water filters in the country of metalized plastic not so long ago, they were the favourite devices for ease of use: I bought a small cartridge, I fixed it on the trunk of the crane and use a certain time until the resource is released and not need to be replaced. Nozzles used on all types of cranes, winding the threads of the spout, fastening using special clips or just setting next to the sink. The level of water treatment is slightly higher than that of pitchers, but still not perfect. The filter efficiently cleans the water of rust, chlorine and lime. Cartridges with ion-exchange resin reduces the hardness. Plus tips – budget price minus the inferior quality of cleaning. In addition, the filters are not suitable for all taps. Water cleaned by the filter-attachment in country conditions, it is necessary to boil.
Single-stage filter «Barrier Optima» no need to cheat on the faucet, it is enough to set next to and connected with a thin hose
Perhaps this may be the best water purification not only in the city, but also in the country. Filtration system so efficiently prevents impurities and bacteria that are capable of making clean and healthy water from any source. If the country house the plumbing works, installation of filters of difficulty will not arise. Usually use «soft» the connection has a flexible hose, which can optionally be connected independently.
The main advantage of the system «under the sink» in the multi-stage cleaning. Some kits disinfect water in four stages:
- 1 – rough cleaning process, which removes the largest particles are sand grains, soil components;
- 2 – fine cleaning, check the smallest particles, invisible to the naked eye;
- 3 – absorption filter that destroys germs harmful to human health;
- 4 – filter reducing the content of iron and lime.
Installing such a filtration system on the suburban kitchen, you can not worry about the well-being of the household: water, its properties will be equal to bottled.
The cost of the filters «under the sink» depends on the number of filtration stages, the manufacturer and model. The cheapest products are 2,000 rubles, the most expensive – about 15,000 rubles
To filter water from underground sources, there is a special equipment whose main purpose is to hold calcium salts, hydrogen sulfide, iron, magnesium, the content of which exceeds sanitary norms. Multi-stage system to purify the water, producing the following functions:
- mechanical cleaning;
- a decrease stiffness;
- remove iron and rust;
- the use of sorption filters.
Very often in the water from the well there is a metallic taste. To get rid of it will help the filters that are divided into two categories: chemical and chemical free. In water purification products first category using special chemical reagents. Special filler based on the brine removes excess iron.
System for water from the well: 1 — the first mechanical filter cleaning; 2 — the air-Stripping equipment for iron oxidation; 3 — filter for removal of iron; 4 — auto filter to mitigate; 5 – sorption filter; 6 –enclosing the filter; 7 — UV sterilizer; 8 – aeration compressor; 9 — relay
One of the most effective methods of obtaining clean water reverse osmosis system. If you use it at the cottage, you get water that meets all standards of drinking. With the system removed heavy metals, bacteria, pesticides, radionuclides that may be contained in reservoirs of different origin and location.
If there was an unpleasant smell, should be cleaned of hydrogen sulfide – a toxic substance. Best cope with this problem of the aeration unit, which otdovat volatile gases, allowing the water to further filter iron. To remove excess magnesium, calcium, manganese use filters with pre-loaded ion-exchange resins. Sodium in the structure of the resin, binds salts harmful components, making the water softer and healthier.
Another method of cleaning, replacing harmful chlorination, oblucenie ultraviolet rays. Disinfection makes the water sterile, free from bacteria and pathogens.
Combined filtration system for the garden in its composition have all or some of these filters that make the fluid from the reservoirs and wells in a clean, healthy, harmless water.
Consider some of the most famous brands of filtration equipment that are suitable for country of use.
Company «Aquaphor» released devices of various types, from primitive jars to complex multi-stage systems. If you want a simple outfit with well – designed instruction should be to acquire one of the latest developments «Aquafor»: the cleaning quality is high, price medium.
One of the proposals of the company «Aquaphor» — system pre-treatment throughout the country house, which ensure high water quality at all points of analysis: in the bathroom, washroom, kitchen
Apparatus for water purification «Geyser» for over 30 years pleased customer great features and ease of use. Some filtration systems equipped with reverse osmosis equipment, which guarantees the purest water, the next spring.
One of the best options from the manufacturer of the brand «Geyser» — three-stage filter «Geyser – 3», which water from any source is able to transform into drinking
A garden connected to the township water towers, or water use relatively clean water from personal wells. Of course, to purchase expensive and complex filtration system would be superfluous, quite a budget option, one of those offered by the company «Barrier». The main range of filter nozzles and «pitchers».
Pitchers «Barrier» popular among gardeners because of the inexpensive cost and ease of maintenance. The average price of the product in the online store – 400-500 rubles
There are also more sophisticated equipment that is being improved every day.
Remember and foreign guests, including us firm «Ecowaters System», involved for little less than a century the most powerful cleaning systems. All models have high technical performance and long use life. The only negative – not everyone is happy with the price.
Most of the models Ecowater using for water purification of ion exchange technology, fully automated and equipped with the control unit with remote control
There are many brands that are involved in the filtering equipment, but not all of them can be useful in the country. Before buying a cleaning system is necessary to identify the shortcomings of the used water in order to choose the right filter and not pay for the extra equipment.