- Choose design
- Make overall planning
- Species diversity of flower beds
- Interesting flower beds at the cottage
- How to create flower bed
«The artist draws paints and florist flowers». Suburban area as a large canvas on which you can create a beautiful picture, expressing your feelings, your inner world. Hardly waiting for the spring, thousands of vacationers flock to their land. Almost every cottage there is area «for the soul», where arranged flower garden. How to place? How and what flowers to plant? How can I decorate? These and many other questions visit gardeners who are ready to become landscape designers, and decorate your yard with wonderful flower bed.
Flower garden and flower bed – it is very similar concepts. A bed called «cultivated flower garden», because she has a regular geometric shape, enclosed by a border.
The flower is called «natural flower bed», because its design is not subject to any rules, and provides all the opportunities for imagination.
How is it possible to place them at their summer cottage? The location of the flower bed or flower garden you need to plan on the basis of the view of all site posted of buildings, split into different functional areas.
There are two ways to include beds in General ensemble:
- the combination of style with the overall design of the suburban area;
- in sharp contrast, deliberately artificial element of the overall decor.
When the beds need to be clear exactly how it should look (and all the spring–autumn period), when and which flowers will bloom when they should be planted. In addition need details to plan the works on preparation of soil, fertilization and care of plants for the whole year.
The site could accommodate not one, but several beds of different style and sense. According to the rule «the Golden section» the ratio between their sizes should be 3:5:8. There are several types of beds:
- group planting;
The choice of any kind of beds depends on the allocated space. Directly near the house, use a border, pot or specimen. On the wall of the building looks nice vertical.
Border flower beds are often arranged on the sides of the wide garden paths. There is also a relevant group planting.
In open areas place the ridges, mixborders, monochromy, rockeries. For a secluded area suitable regular bed, charming with its simplicity and clean lines.
For a small suburban area to indispensable tiered flower beds.
For a great presentable garden planning partners or arrays. Such works only by skilled designers and gardeners.
Choosing the type of flower to give need to come out of their financial capabilities. Although in many cases, such employment is not very costly. For the device with their hands can use a lot of improvised means. These flower gardens give the suburban area a special charm, bring an element of individuality and originality.
The gardeners, endowed with great imagination we can construct interesting compositions of any material. The most common from tires. It can be single «vases»:
Or here’s an original and fun slide:
But if you try, it is portable and the bowl will create:
The basis for a homemade flower garden can become outdated furniture.
Any kind of transport easily transforms into a hotbed of colors:
«Bloom» can many things that were already going to be disposed of in a landfill:
Building materials or parts of the tree are also often used under the flower garden:
Most of these beds are mobile and can easily be moved between from place to place.
Determine the style, location and shape of the flower bed, you need your project to implement. It takes a lot of time, but the process is not very complicated. Something it is similar to land plants in flower pot.
To create a standard flower bed at the cottage with their hands must be:
- To clear the space.
- Remove the top layer of soil.
- Compact the earth and make drainage of broken bricks or rubble
- To put a border.
- To fill the ground.
- To give the foundations of 10 – 15 days.
- Start planting flowers.
A little different the creation of a flower bed with decorative stones. For rockeries choose a well-lit area with natural drainage. First, at the selected location a stones larger between them are laid small stones. Then all the voids are filled with soil. It is recommended to fill a well with water so that the soil is compacted and, where necessary, to pour.
The stones can be put near the pond or to create an artificial wall.
One other thing you should consider is the framing of the beds. For this purpose many materials:
- stones and bricks;
- glass and plastic bottles;
- wooden plank;
- plastic fence;
- concrete skirting.
Of course, the bed is, first and foremost, flowers. And they should be beautiful and well groomed.
We should not blindly drop all existing plants. It will not give a good result. Planning creation of flower beds, you should try to choose flowers based on these factors:
- the flowers must correspond to the same natural conditions;
- the period of flowering to choose plants so that they bloom the entire period;
- to consider the size colors;
- to compose on the color combination.
Because the beds are not very large, it fully is either placed on a well-lit part of the plot or in the shade, in a moist area. Accordingly, such conditions must be suitable for all plants you plan to plant together. In one area, plant flowers with similar requirements for soil composition and standards of care.
At the time of flowering flower beds can be distributed on:
- spring (tulips, daffodils, crocuses);
- summer (forget-me-nots, daisies, violets, peonies, iris, Petunia, calendula, roses);
- autumn (chrysanthemum, roses, asters, dahlias, gladioli);
To do this, plants need to pick up. Usually one flower bed planted from ten to twenty species of plants. For their proper layout, you can use the calendars of flowering, which are found on the websites of gardeners.
Create flower garden necessarily involves the observance of the principle of stacked. In the center are placed high or medium-high plants, and groundcover and low-growing grow around the edges, speaking a kind of framing the entire composition.
More importantly, which way the bed will be available for viewing. Some are located on hills or in the horizontal plane. In this case, the plants should be the same height and create a solid color carpet. In some cases, plants are specially cut to achieve this effect.
If the flower garden is close to some object, the layering should be directed in the direction of the review.
Flowerbed is not only a flower garden and it can be decorative foliage plants. Most often it is a perennial plant. Such a flower to create a much more complex, as the composition needs an original look throughout the season.
This method will allow you to imagine the flower as a whole and select the most suitable color solutions.
Flowers can be planted in two ways:
Seeds best to buy in a specialty store or ordered online. When choosing seeds, it is necessary to focus on the variety specified on the package. It is important to see:
- to the date of issue;
- expiration date;
- the conditions for the growth of flowers;
- planting time;
- tall flowers.
Deciding to plant seeds, take care of this need in advance. In March, the prepared seeds should be sown in peat tablets.
You should know that plants are of three types:
- annual – sow required each year, after flowering, they die;
- biennials – these plants bloom only on second year, in the first year are used as decorative greenery;
- perennial – once planted, blooming every year, and every year more and more elaborate.
Annual plants it is possible to annually sown in open ground in April – may and in the middle of summer they will bloom.
Biennial best to buy seedlings, so they will bloom the same year you plant them. Generally plant the flowers of seedlings are much nicer, because you can immediately see the results of their labors and not have some time to wait for germination.
Sowing the flower seeds you need to leave between the groups of flowers in space, then overgrown plants will not overlap each other.
If the seedlings turn out that the plants grew too thick, they should break or some part transplanted to another place.
Many plant seeds can be collected independently for sowing next year. Definitely need to mark or sign the name of the plant from which you collected seeds, and specify the color. It is very helpful when planning the flower garden for the future. In the summer, begin to write plans for next season, not particularly rely on the memory and mark what plants liked how different colors behave on the site.
Flower beds need care constantly. From time to time to inspect and remove faded flowers so they do not spoil the appearance. It matters to the rest of the flowers on the stem became more lush.
Add the flower garden «flavor» using a variety of garden figurines, decorations. Often among colors can meet different animals, gnomes.
Original look garden lanterns, located on the perimeter. Often in the compositions of the present decorations in the form of a well, mill, castle or fountain.
Carefully designed and embodied the flower garden will delight almost all year round, bringing aesthetic pleasure to the hosts and as a source of pride to the guests.