Buildings in the garden

How to make wooden stairs in a country house or an arbor: step-by-step instructions

How to make wooden stairs in a country house or an arbor: step-by-step instructions

A house in the country can be single storey or have 2-3 floors – much is determined by the financial situation of the owners. Usually, if you have sufficient funds, people prefer to build a two-storey building – usable area out more and the area it occupies as much as one-story building or a little more. The construction of any two storey house will not do without a ladder. The tree is one of the most suitable materials for its production. The staircase of wood will complement any interior and become its embellishment. Wooden stairs for the garden today, you can order in specialized firms or do it yourself.

The contents

Structural types of ladders

Principal stairs is, of course, marching and turning. Straight stairs is the main design, they are easiest to collect, but they take up a lot of space, so this option is more suitable for larger homes.


Stairway with risers and interesting railings from timber, mesh and metal bars. Side supports a little used, their disadvantage is compensated by the use of a grid. Hall first floor, spacious, use of stairs is quite appropriate

A turning staircase is compact, it can be a screw and marching. The installation of a turntable ladder allows you to save space, especially spiral designs, but the downside is that most of them are not easy to implement.

Spiral staircase

Spiral staircases look a lot more original than the main, the staircase itself — the Central part of the interior, but for its production needs to attract experts

The main stages in the construction of stairs

Step #1 — choosing the right material

Work has begun on the creation of stairs already with the choice of material. Pine, beech, birch, ash, oak – wood, which are suitable for the best – they look nice in the interior and durable in use. Oak staircase – the most expensive and durable, but the pine is a relatively inexpensive material with good characteristics.

Stage #2 — calculations and preparation of drawings

Before you start designing, you will need to calculate the dimensions of the stairs and make her a drawing. For home you can do colornow staircase with risers, balusters and railings. We’ll look at how to build a staircase without turns from a single lift.

First, you need to prepare the site for installation. If you neglect this moment, the ladder can be installed properly, eventually there will be creaking gaps. Uneven floors and walls entail unequal distribution of load, which leads to deformation of the structure.

Knowledge of the basic rules needed to make the necessary calculations. The ideal angle of elevation of the March is 45 degrees, but if space is not enough, it can be reduced to 30-40 degrees.

The scheme of construction of stairs

The scheme of construction of wooden stairs with risers. Simple design can be used inside the house and on the street during the construction of the porch

Then you need to calculate the length of the ladder. There will have to remember the school course of geometry. You can help the formula for calculating the hypotenuse of a right triangle: c = v(a2 + b2). Here s — is the length of a side of a base and the height from the floor to the second floor, b –the distance between the point where you intend to place the first stepping stone to the level of the second floor, which will need to be projected on the floor.

Depending on the height and internal structure of the house, the stairs can be straight or half-pace. The riser height is 290 mm. Width of steps is not more than 25 cm, 3 cm out on the ledge. If the level is high, or the number of steps in the March is over 18, you can make a small site (700/1000mm). The width of a March should not be less than 80cm, ideally it should be meter.

According to the established norms of the railing height from 90 cm to a meter. Work will be much easier if all the necessary calculations you specify in the drawing staircase.

Stage #3 — training tools and organization of work

The tools and materials that will be needed for the work: meter, pencil for marking, a hammer, a square to lay out stringers, handsaw, planks for treads, risers, stringers, screws, nails, lumber for railing and balusters.

First prepare the side of the base. Measure the angle of the joint to the floor from the bottom edge of the Board, draw a horizontal line. From a-line square measure the width and height of each stair to the top, then measure the angles to 2nd base. Similarly, do the layout of the second Board. With a hacksaw cut patterns, fix in the right place with screws.

The next stage is the sawing and nailing the riser to the base. They should fit the stringers straight, perfectly straight. After the Foundation is finished, you can mount stage.

Installation of wooden steps

Steps can be made of whole boards, or use two narrow boards with a width of 15 cm. What you choose is your business, but the tree should lie firmly, exactly. Boards are fixed with screws and nails

Step #4 (optional) — installation of handrails and fencing

The railing is an important part of any staircase, they make the ascent and descent safe, and perform a decorative function, giving the completeness of the stair design. Simple option that would look good – the railing of the timber. We cut meter balusters. Two baluster legs are straight, the rest should be cut and shortened to 5-10 cm at an angle of 45 degrees. Lateral supports are nailed to the steps, they can saw through grooves. Placed on top of the beam performing the function of a handrail.

Options stairs for the garden

Options stairs to give: 1 — marching with risers, 2 — without risers, 3 — swivel design, 4 — light wooden ladder, 5 — light spiral staircase of wood and metal, 6 — spiral staircase with steps along the support post

If you want to create an original staircase, the railing can be made of a different material – book to the wooden stairs wrought iron railings, metal or even tempered glass. Attractive staircase will give and carved details.

A turning staircase of wood and metal

A turning staircase of wood and metal. Wrought-iron railings and metal supports are perfectly combined with wooden steps

ladder with a platform

Stairway with a small Playground. The site will be convenient for a large number of steps. Ladder without podstupenkov classic looks easier. The design looks aesthetically pleasing, despite the simplicity

The ladder can be and without a handrail, but this is uncommon – on a ladder is dangerous to walk children to wear up bulky items.

Stairs with no handrail

If you want you can make a staircase — like the staircase-Cabinet, where Palestine space is used for the benefit of the case — in a kind of cupboard to place dishes and other little things, looks and design overall, very original

That’s the simple stairs will, if you follow the given instructions. The design is ready, and if you cover it with varnish, skillfully select the decor, it will look attractive and aesthetically pleasing, in spite of its simplicity.

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