Not every cottager boastsa natural pond in the garden. At best, it is a small pond, decorated with the help of available materials. We propose to make the stream - flowing, fun, bubbling and sparkling under the rays of the summer sun. Agree that the dynamics of moving water among the rocks and greenery completely changes the landscape painting, more precisely, turns it into a real living piece of nature.
If you're out of luck with a natural brook,We try to make an alternative embodiment, as two drops like a real one, but it has a hidden, but rather tucked away at the bottom of the pond secret. The role of the secret play submersible pump, known to all the owners of the well or wells.
With the help of the pump, we'll have a vicious circle, inwhich will circulate the water artificial stream as follows: through the hose to climb up to the source, and then along the bed to go down to a small pond
This stream circuit device is universal, however, it may be desired to vary one of the following solutions:
- a waterfall;
- chain cascades;
- small fountain.
To look landscape compositionof course, require elevation change or even a slight slope, for example, a gentle slope of the hill. Depending on the steepness of the descent - a place, where the estimated channel - choose a type of stream.
On a small hill better arrangecalm, unhurried, with smooth curves and a soft murmur of the creek flat. It will be an ideal option and if the terrain is absolutely flat, without hills and uplands
Tilt the bed can be achieved in two ways:
- make a small artificial embankment;
- gradually deepen the bed closest to the mouth.
Do not overdo it, digging a channel and formingits banks - it should be very natural. Nature does not like a clear geometry, thus making smooth curves, uneven line of the shore, a non-uniform filling the bottom.
Difficult terrain, inconvenient for planting a vegetable garden or a garden, in this case, will play into our hands.
The high hill, cliff or steep slope -a great opportunity to build an unusual channel of a mountain stream. Unusual, because it is a series of rapids, rapids, waterfalls and short straight sections
But do not get carried away with complicated devicedesigns, or your stream to turn into one big waterfall. The flow of a mountain stream faster than plain water speed higher altitude drops sharply, and this means that it will take a more powerful pump.
So, what is an artificial stream, we will briefly explain.
If you can find a section of uneven terrain,ensure the water supply and to buy a submersible pump, all you have to learn a few nuances of the technical side of the issue, and then you can get to work. The best time of year for construction works - spring or summer, in the winter, the pond is better to preserve.
The first stage, preparation isat the same time the easiest and the most difficult. To implement it will require office supplies: pencils or markers, a ruler and a large sheet of paper, graph or better in the box.
On paper, you need to show all already on the territory of the villa facilities, including the house, gardens, paths, etc. pay attention to the site, which will be located your stream.
Think about where it will be the source and the mouth(They determine the direction of the flow), how high it is necessary to raise the upper point as you can decorate the shore, it is possible to use ready-made beds and decorative objects for the decoration of the coastal zone
Keep in mind that the creek forms a high humidity area, so you need to think about planting water-loving, or aquatic plants.
If nearby is a vegetable garden or flower bed withexotic flowers, think about will not hurt if additional moisture is already planted crops. The same applies to the garden trees, shrubs and even wild flora.
The best place for the location of any water bodyIt is the so-called relaxation area - a small area, located away from the flowerbeds, the beds and the planting of fruit trees. Usually in a place set benches, a table for tea parties, and if space allows - erect a gazebo or patio place
stream length may vary: you may prefer a compact composition, or, on the contrary, it requires a source, which crosses the entire infield, enveloping buildings and flowerbeds. But remember: the longer the channel, the greater the difficulties in its construction, and the main problem concerns the inclination of the terrain.
the channel width is typically less than half a meter, but more often from 30 to 50 cm depth -. 15 cm up to half a meter. Note: the greater the volume of water, the more powerful and expensive pumping equipment
Do not forget that our creek - decorative, and this is its advantage. It can be completely sealed channel and pond so that the water from the source did not penetrate into coastal soil.
The coastline will remain constant, will not blur the water in the spring, as it happens in natural bodies of water during snowmelt.
The main stage - the construction of the channel. We expand it by items make it easier to work with:
- Perform layout on the ground. In developing the project, you have already identified the location of the stream, its size, point source and the mouth, move the left paper-marking scheme in nature. This will require small pegs and a skein of twine. Stick pegs along the proposed channel and connect them with twine or cord to delineate the boundaries of the future reservoir.
- Pull up a groove track and the pit in whichIt will be in the pond - the end point of our creek. Pond - is not only a beautiful object, but also the necessary functional part of our project, as this is where we place the pump that supplies water to the source.
- We produce ground finish concreting direction. If you choose a mountain stream - in any form have stones, boulders, plates, fastening them to the concrete solution. For lowland stream must be shallow, with a curvy bottom. As a result, should get a given trench width and volume bowl pond.
- Puts waterproofing layer - the whole working surface is covered with geotextile or waterproof special PVC film (butyl rubber), anchoring the edges with stones, pebbles and sand.
- Along the riverbed, from the pond to the source, tearing a shallow trench for laying hoses or pipes.
- Decorate the bottom of the reservoir sand, colorful granite gravel, pebbles, covering as much as possible all artificial parts.
- Summing water, fill the pond, the pump test.
The pond is actually not required, but in the absence require deep water collecting tank and pump placement, such as a large plastic container.
Before installing the pump, read the instructions carefully and double-check whether the technical characteristics of the equipment to the volume of water to be pumped
If the ground is hard, stony, and the length of the stream is small, additional concreting is not required. It is necessary for the stabilization of the bed if the flow of water will be more powerful.
Creating a stream design, do not be afraiddream: to create small rapids, shoals, islets stone. Involve children to work - the creation of an artificial pond perfectly develops imagination and introduces some of the laws of physics
When engineering works are completed, you canproceed to registration of banks and bed of all kinds of decor. It may be small architectural forms from a tree - bridge, scaffolding, arches, statues and paintings, funny ceramic animal figurines, vases for water-loving plants, wooden boats and rafts.
The bridge is appropriate in that case, if the stream crosses one of the garden paths - it is its continuation and blends harmoniously into the overall composition
The construction and design of the bridge depend on thethe surrounding area, and from the stream size. A large stone building in the background 30 cm wide brisk stream would look more than ridiculous, and small wooden mostochki will fall at an opportune moment.
Heavy construction is good for registration of a large body of water, so if you still want to build a real bridge, use the pond area, rather than a stream.
Material for the building should be natural, as well as framing the bed, that is welcome in stone finish, ceramic or wood
On the bank will look good small outdoor pavilion for relaxation or area with table and benches. Try to match the style of the buildings design suburban area.
Mini pagoda on a background of a wooden frame with carved ridge will look pretty strange, and a cozy gazebo with openwork carving instead of walls - just the place
On the banks of the creek, to highlight its natural, plant disembark, but given our decorative structures, we can safely use trays or containers with herbs.
Suit vases on high legs with a basket plant, composition aged pottery, decoration of rocks and man-made prod timber, such as a miniature watermill
All cultures intended for processing stream, can be divided into two major groups: growing on the banks, and are directly in the water.
Both categories include grass with beautiful carved or smooth leaves and plants with inflorescences of different colors.
Do not forget about the lawn grass, if therelocated lawn, moss or lichen with if on the shore provided a small park. Trees, shrubs and herbaceous culture necessary to alternate with artificial decorations, stones, pebbles and placers sandbanks
Luxuriantly blooming bushy flower closed trackcreek, so on the banks along the water's edge were planted low-growing plants: Lysimachia nummularia, Ajuga reptans, colorful primroses, daisies, stocky Veronica, marigold, marsh violet, gagea, selezenochnika.
A little farther from the coast - higher instances: fern, strausnik, Pteridium aquilinum, lady-fern, Dryopteris, host.
Plants can be grouped, selecting the height or splendor, or alternate, making a variety of floral arrangements from a variety of species and varieties
If the composition comprises a plant or treeshrubs, selects the low moisture-loving species, which in the wild grow along the banks of water bodies: the goat or white willow, evergreen Mahonia aquifolium, Karagan tree, Thunberg barberry, cotoneaster, euonymus.
Some shrubs, such as forsythia or lilac, flowering will be presented in addition to the beautiful fresh spring flavor, which you can also enjoy relaxing on the waterfront
Right at the bottom of a stream or a pond, if it contains the fertile soil can be planted or Elodie Urrutia and pemphigus or hornwort do not take root, and float freely on the surface of the water.
Potbelly, water lilies, and vodokras bolotnotsvetnik thrive even in northern areas, so they are permanent residents, and wildlife, and treated Russian waters
To the water in the pond was always clean, and the banksmanicured, you should regularly take care of the plants and to prevent the pumping equipment. To do this, perform a few simple rules:
- check the tightness of hoses and pipes, in time to clean or change filters;
- in the hot season, when there is evaporation of water from time to time to restore the required volume;
- to preserve the functionality of the winter completely drain the equipment and the pump cleaned and put in storage a heated room;
- clean concrete fences, wood structures and rocks from silt and pollutants;
- completely change the water if it for some reason, become opaque.
Plants require the same care as regular suburban culture. Trees and shrubs should be cut so that they do not obscure the broad canopy of the review of the aqueous composition.
Perennials need to weed,feed, repot, remove old and diseased plants as needed. Annuals should be planted in good time, to monitor their growth and flowering
We present to your attention a few samples of a successful arrangement of streams on private land.
Perhaps in some cases, the streams of watercomposition called only conditionally, but it all - artificially created water sources where the water flow is due to the action of the submersible pump.
A perfect example of the plain of the stream, it is absolutely notdifferent from its natural counterpart. For decorative use river pebbles and stones, instead of bright flowering crops sown grass, usually growing in the coastal forest streams
If you have the possibility to decorate the pond with beautiful stones, be sure to use it.
The bed of the creek and the coastal zone lined with stonesdifferent size and shape. Pay attention to their color: the combination of contrasting colors - white, black and brick - animates the composition, making it more dynamic
The bed of the stream does not have to be smooth and uniform.
The main decoration of this sample is a series of rapids, decorated with large boulders. "Ladder", forming a picturesque rapids, must be equipped with an additional bed in preparation
See how to maximize use a variety of decor - and nothing more.
The project authors have thought through everything: and the natural curves of the channel, and a cascade of low waterfalls, and trim the bridge with a lantern, and stone lining the shores and even tastefully selected and expertly planted plants
Feel free to use creative solutions and ideas.
Notice how skillfully designers beat source stream: it seems as if it originates from the neck of a large inverted jar
Taking into account all the stages of planning, constructionand decorating artificial stream, then we can conclude that it is on the shoulder to anyone who knows how to dream, is not afraid of physical work and appreciate the natural beauty.