Artificial ponds in the gardencan perform not only a decorative function, as a spectacular part of the design, but brings a good benefit. Breeding fish in artificial ponds - exciting activity that allows you to diversify leisure and to grow ecologically clean fish. Deciding to create a pond for fish farming to translate the dream of fishing in their own country house it is necessary to competently organize everything. This was today and we'll talk.
The ideal option for recreation andhis hobbies is fishing the location of the site near an existing pond. In the absence of opportunities to enjoy the benefits of nature, the owners of private plots can always create their own hands the pond for breeding fish.
Among the most picky in fish care can be safely attributed and crucian carp. These kinds of undemanding perfectly adapt to life even in the stagnant and fairly shallow waters
Carp - fish, perfectly get enoughsmall areas. As practice shows, the carp ponds in small weight increases more rapidly than in large ponds. This is because a small area fish wastes less energy searching for food. Pond small size and convenient for the owner, because of the small pond is easier to maintain.
The dimensions of the pit may vary depending on the preferences and possibilities of the site owner
A small pond can accommodate up to two dozen goldfish and a few medium-sized carp. The average is taken for 1 cubic meter of water for 10 to 20 fish.
For breeding of carp and crucian carp optimallysuitable home pond having dimensions of 4x6 meters, depth of the reservoir - from 0.8 to 1.5 meters. The main advantage of the size of the pond is fairly quick warming of water in the summer to a temperature of 24-26 degrees, which is the most favorable for the life of these species. Lowering the temperature in the water up to 12 degrees may lead to power reduction in the intensity of activity and growth in fish. Increasing the temperature over 30 degrees also leads to a decrease in the activity of the vital processes of the carp, and carp.
Keeping and breeding fish in artificialreservoirs begins with the preparation for the excavation of the pond. Determine the size of the future of the pond, and digging a pit, should be aligned and compacted soil surface. The bottom of the pond, it is desirable to cement the future.
The alternative budget option may be the use of thick polyethylene film to the bottom of the Coanda
With careful operation of the film enoughsolid foundation can last more than one season. Laying at the bottom of the pit pre-glued together car cameras from the truck - is also fairly common option that does not require large financial costs.
Wanting to breed fish in a pond in addition to more cancers, at the bottom of the pond can be laid broken pots, tubes of different sizes and stones. These "caches" allow cancers to take refuge from the fish during molting.
The coast of the pond can be planted moisture-loving plants such as reeds and willow
Fill the pond can be like the well, springor artesian well as ordinary tap water. No matter what the water reservoir is full, run a fish in the early days in the virtually "sterile" water should not rush. Water should be a good warm in the sun, to settle and to acquire micro-organisms. In other words, the water should be "live". Accelerate the process of enrichment of water microflora help a couple of buckets of "living" water carried over from populated pond and beam withered grass, dropped to the bottom of the new reservoir.
The acidity in the water should vary7-8 ph range. Optimal is considered neutral environment for breeding fish. Lowering the pH to 5 ph unfavorable for the life of carp and crucian carp. To increase the acidity in the water can be achieved by making portions of limestone or soda solution. To determine the average level of acidity of the water should perform measurements at several points along the perimeter of the pond. It should be borne in mind that the rate of a chemical reaction of substances the interaction depends on such factors as the intensity of sunlight. Direct sunlight speeds up the process considerably.
It happens so that even the use of additives can produce only short-term effect.
If the acidity even under the influence of substances over time is reduced, it is necessary to look for the cause that leads to the development of such an environment
Equally important condition for the launch of fish in the pond is the optimal temperature range. It is important that the temperature of the container with the fish and the pond was absolutely identical.
The process of adjustment to the temperature of the water tankfish with the temperature inside the reservoir will reduce your risk of thermal shock the fish, which can lead to death even adults during the first day.
After the preparatory work can produce fish. Some secrets right zapuskaniya fish in the pond are presented in the video:
Breeding fish in artificial pondsIt provides for artificial feeding, can significantly improve weight gain. Since carp are omnivorous, feeding the fish is quite possible to use animal feed intended for poultry and pigs.
Fish with pleasure absorbs and natural resources of the reservoir: earthworms, insects
Loose friable food should be made in the form of porridgeor a thick dough which is formed by mixing the feed with water in a bucket. Mixed fodder may substitute serve grain legumes and cereals, which are swollen in steamed form.
The ratio of the volume of grain feed to fish weight of notmust exceed 3-5%. Organizing feeding fish it is desirable to adhere to a specific schedule. Feed the fish at the same time 1-2 times a day at a special place. Equipping a place to feed, it is possible to prepare a table-tray, which is easily lowered and pulled out of the water. The use of "feeders" allows you to control the presence of residues of uneaten feed, acidification which can spoil the water. To develop in individuals of a conditioned reflex, encouraging the fish to feeding, you can use the bell.