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Strengthening of slopes and slopes in the area: an overview of the 5 most effective ways

Strengthening of slopes and slopes in the area: an overview of the 5 most effective ways

In the view of the metropolis inhabitant of a countrysection - is a piece of paradise with a beautiful house, green lawns, fragrant flowerbeds, brook or pool, neatly broken the beds. But often the reality is just the opposite fabulous views, and you get a lot from the ravine or on the edge of the hill. Do not worry: the correct slope reinforcement and landscape decoration will solve all problems.

Content


If you are the owner of the villa area with rough terrain, you should turn nasty surprises in the favorable direction. First you need to think about the advantages of an unusual plot:

  • Completely excluded stagnation of rain water in any territory that has a bias.
  • The plane, deployed to the sun, well-lit, so on a slope, especially on the south side, will develop rapidly ornamental plants and vegetable crops.
  • An unusual area - a unique opportunity to the original design gardening area.
  • Taking advantage of the natural features of the relief, it is not necessary to build a specially design to create a waterfall, cascade or an alpine slide.

Recall and cons. For plants planted on the slope necessarily require additional frequent watering, since water is not practical to stay in the ground. Not lucky fans lawn - achieve a smooth silky carpet on an inclined plane is difficult. Uneven terrain can not be used for more practical things, such as a playground or a meadow for recreation, as well as it does not set a bench or table. And the main disadvantage - additional costs for strengthening of slopes and slopes, elevation, apparatus beds or beds.

So now you can get down to business. For starters, we offer you to see the video, vdannom video clip shows the 5-Th best solutions to strengthen the slopes. Be sure to educate:

In general, for the proper choice of a way to strengthen it is necessary to take into account several factors:

  • soil structure;
  • degree incline;
  • proximity of groundwater;
  • the likelihood of natural destruction: landslides, washing away, crumbling.

Suppose, for a gentle slope enoughplanter that their roots fix the soil and stop the process of destruction. Steep slopes require a more serious approach: can prevent shedding only specially made designs from biomatov, gabions, stone, concrete blocks, geogrids. After selecting the material necessary to determine the exact work area and perform preparatory work.

Strengthening stone

Even the steep slopes can be converted into a magnificent garden stone, retaining walls laying out a beautiful decorative tiles, and the adjacent tracks - pavement

Strengthening soil

You do not have to do the same type of reinforcing structure or a single layer: the construction of stairs or terraces visually enlarge the area of ​​the territory

Natural method: the use of plants

If the inclination angle is not more than 8-10 degrees,to stabilize the soil suitable plants: trees, shrubs, flowers and herbs. Their flexible roots penetrate deeply into the soil, thus protecting it from landslides and erosion. The most powerful roots of the trees, but the entire slope planting large plants does not make sense. Much more attractive look of the composition of the free-standing small trees and shrubs. To make the steep edge of the ravine or suitable broom, elder, viburnum, Japanese quince, sumac, barberry, cotoneaster, dog rose.

Fountain

Uneven terrain allows you to create real masterpieces of decorative art: a combination of stones of various shapes, bright colors and flowing water is more than picturesque

Flowering shrubs also serve as elementsdecor, as well as plants with long stems and lush flowers, for example, climbing roses. Too bright cocktail of climbing plants should not be enough 1-2 densely flowering species. Ground cover plants are ideal for the decoration of the inclined surface. Periwinkle, woolly chickweed, ivy, sunflower create a dense carpet, serving the backdrop for the larger species.

Ground cover plants

Ground cover plants - a good way to strengthen the gentle slopes, and with the help of color variety and height difference - small raised hide flaws

Uneven terrain with elevations, ledges anddepressions - a real find for lovers of alpine gardens and rockeries. From a handful of stones, pine trees and several kinds of colors, they are able to create a miracle, decoration of any suburban area. The only thing you need to take care of the flower bed in front of the device, - to create favorable growing conditions, that is to provide regular watering.

Perhaps you can learn something for themselves from this video story landscaped tricks:

Artificial ways to strengthen

Making slope plants find it naturalway to protect against fraying, while the strengthening of the slope at the site can also occur artificially - using stones, logs and designs from polymeric materials.

retaining walls

Retaining walls made of durable material and stairs - the most common methods of strengthening and decorating the parallel slopes in suburban areas

Option # 1 - stone fences, or log

fences of various decorationsmaterial well constrain the surface of any degree of severity. Stones and wooden elements are placed on the outer side of the slope, fixing a variety of ways: by means of cement or fixing in the ground (burying in the ground). Limestone slabs, stones, shell rock, granite pieces stacked in a wall and the wooden parts are placed a ladder or fence.

Article on the subject: Retaining walls in the landscape: what and how to do good "backup"?

Option # 2 - Features of laying geotextile

Steep slopes are difficult to strengthen the naturalmethod using planting trees or grasses. In this case the geotextile saves - dense material of polyester or polypropylene fiber, which is perfectly watertight and has high strength. A fragment of the surface of the material pull, fixed anchors on all sides, then decorate. For the decoration of great natural stone or tile discordantly with flowers, planted in the fertile soil.

Anchors

Anchors in which the layers are held geotextile after backfill soil should be removed - not recorded material easier to remove if necessary

Option # 3 - Geomats and biomaty

Both types of land cover used for moreeffective protection of surfaces with a slope of up to 45% (some species Geomat - up to 70%) in the planter. Biomaty made from coconut fibers or straw attached to the cellulosic fiber. Geomats - a multilayer polypropylene lattice. The root system of plants does not develop immediately, so the momentary soil stabilization first stack retaining structures, and have them planted plants.

Biomaty

Biomaty have two important advantages: planting surface for 2 months and partial fertilization of soil by decomposition of the material

Geomats

Geomats - practical and relatively inexpensive material with many advantages, such as easy installation, high efficiency and durability

The web material is spread over the entiresurface slope, fasten each piece on the perimeter and are planted grass and flowers. The loose fiber structure makes it possible to gain a foothold and grow the seeds, and in the future to form a thick carpet with invisible reinforcement layer.

Option # 4 - a step by step example of geogrid installation

Strengthening small area under the force of evennovice landscapers, in other words, the owner of the villa. If there is a small ravine or ditch with crumbling slopes, you can use the volume geogrid - modern design of the polymer tape.

Topsoils

Falls asleep geogrid cell topsoil, you can prepare an excellent soil under the landing climbing or erect flowers, grass, small shrubs

Geocell

If a holiday house or room is on the edge of the cliff, the geogrid reinforced gravel - a great way to create an obstacle to the gradual destruction of the slope

Welded together elements reminiscent of the grille with large cells, which are filled with a heavy building material: gravel, sand, concrete or nutrient soil for planting.

strengthening

Having strengthened both slopes of the ditch that crosses the country site, you can create an original stone creek with rockeries or unusual conifers and flower beds

Before the start of the reinforcement must be preparedsoil: remove large plants, leveled and compacted soil as possible. There are two ways of laying geogrid: on the geotextile, or directly on the ground. In the first case, the entire width of the slope spread a geotextile, which acts as a drainage layer, then put on top of the bars. The second option involves the direct installation of grid - once on the bare land.

Sand

Special destruction prone slopes, consisting of sand or other sediment that are under the influence of wind and rain start to crumble

Cells geogrid should be placed alongslope. The basic principle of the choice of material: the steeper the slope, the greater the tape. lattice segment is stretched in different directions and secured along the perimeter of the anchors or specially planed pegs.

undrained

For small slopes, especially in arid areas, where drainage is not needed, rather a geogrid - additional insulating material not necessary

Cells were asleep or fixing gravel (sand), or soil beneath the turf. If the plans for flower planting, the soil must be fertile and fertilized.

Tool

For the filling lattice soil or sand can be used construction trucks, garden wheelbarrows, or just a bucket with a shovel

This is one of the simplest options to strengthenthe slope at the cottage. By incorporating imagination and using one of the methods of decorating can be a regular crumbling slope turned into a blooming garden - beautiful and original.

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