Having bought a long-awaited piece of suburban land, notrush to explore new territory. In order to have the lowest cost, effective results, and the appearance of the original site and noble, it is necessary to prepare to action, making a detailed plan. Preliminary site layout includes an assessment of land, zoning, choice of style of landscape and drawing detailed layouts of home, garden and other important facilities.
Determining the place location of the house, beds, bedsand additional buildings, you must first verify that the delimitation area. As a rule, the boundary area often coincides with a fence, which is being built in the first place.
Just mark the boundaries of the territory orrecover lost data on their location will help only geodetic studies. Initially, the coordinates of land marking entered in the cadastral passport, so you should make a request to the Chamber in the absence of cadastral data. Using extracts from the exact coordinates of the boundaries of experts indicate certain points. Now these activities are carried out with the help of GPS devices or the total station, which guarantees high accuracy. Designation boundaries takes place by means of various methods of survey, the simplest of them - the installation of small stakes with taut between them with twine.
Competent project development and preparation of the detailed scheme will help to rationally arrange the construction, planting, communications on the territory of the villa and avoid rework
Clarification of the boundaries will help in the future without any problems sell or donate land, as well as get rid of the claims of neighbors and fix the fence properly.
Before you start planning, in addition to the size and shape of the territory, it is important to pay attention to the following features:
- ground water;
- soil type;
- wind rose.
From the terrain - hilly or plain- Depends on the choice of location of the house and garden, forms of communication, the definition of landscape style. If in the country there are ravines, ditches or natural ponds, it is also necessary to note in the preparation of the scheme.
Soil structure affects the choice of site for the plant, as on sandy, clayey, loamy, humus soils are developed, not all vegetables, fruit trees and flowers.
One embodiment of the device in the suburban area regular style: flat terrain, the house is in the center, bordered with a sitting area and surrounded by a green decorative compositions
With groundwater levels associated activitiesDevice drainage facilities, a well or wells, and the choice of ways to drain stormwater. Groundwater levels also affects the yield of fruit trees.
Groundwater occurrence level can be determined independently in the process of digging wells device or method of drilling a well, as well as using the old water intake point
Data on ambient light and the wind rose will help to establish a house, put fruit and vegetable garden, well-selected plant species.
Also refer to the outer limits of the privateProperty there is an internal layout backyard or garden plot. Usually it is called zoning, since the entire area is divided into several main areas:
- for relax;
- service and economic.
Approximately 10-15% of the area allocated for construction -house, summer kitchen, utility room, pergola, garage, swimming pool, etc. About 15% is given to internal communications (paths, parking lot, access road) and gardening (flower gardens, flower beds, rockeries, hedges). The lion's share of about 70-75%, belongs to the garden and the garden (in varying proportions).
Zoning area occurs in any form: some areas are required (floor, entrance, recreation), while others may be missed (parking, nursery, lawn)
The fundamental object is a house, soit is here that should start zoning. Outbuildings should be near residential buildings and at the same time to hide from the eyes of, say, in decorative bushes. The beds and flower beds should be placed in the illuminated area, and the plants love the shade, - near the house or in the garden. Some fruit bushes (currants, raspberries, gooseberries) are resistant to partial shade, so they can be planted along the fence or on the shady side of buildings. The recreation area is dependent on the preferences of the owners cottages: this may be the area around the pool, cozy semi-outdoor gazebo or expanded playground. Important in zoning - follow the principles of rationality and practicality.
From the selected style depends on the general perceptionvilla area. What it will look like? Perhaps this is the wild thickets of fruit and ornamental plants to hide inside their cozy little house. Or maybe a beautiful stately home, surrounded by a scattering of flower beds and straight as an arrow tracks. There is a simple and affordable division into 3 main styles, which will help you understand how to properly mark the site.
All elements of the landscape are located on the basis ofnatural, which does not recognize the clear and straight lines, symmetry and accuracy of forms. Garden trees located in a free manner between twisted winding trails, sparkling stream, a group of flowers resemble bright forest clearings than organized flower bed. Everything looks naturally and beautifully.
Rift ravine, irregular shape almostnatural reservoirs, unexpected hill - everything must point out that the main artist in the area is not a man, as nature itself. Even the material tracks should be as natural - stone, gravel, sand.
One of the original decision of landscape design - Garden in the Chinese style. Mandatory elements are pond, wooden bridges, aquatic and terrestrial plants, planted in a random order
For improvement in the regular style areaperfect flat terrain. All properties are subject to principles of geometry: straight track, flowerbeds rectangular, oval or round, bushes planted in neat rows or symmetrical compositions. Reservoirs as ground, also have clear boundaries and shape. Often small design elements are arranged along a notional axis or around a given center.
Example of regular style - cottage surrounded by plant decoration. The central location of the building, symmetrically planted flower beds and trees - features an English-style
Mixed style is most popular inenvironment, gardeners, as it gives more room for device development and upgrading of the territory. Some elements (beds, garden trees) are arranged in a certain order, and the other (track, flowerbeds, buildings) - chaotic. The result is a cozy, neat, lively rural area to work in the garden or for a Sunday rest.
A beautiful example of the mixed style on a plot of L-shaped. Home and bath are located asymmetrically, the plants planted in a chaotic manner, and another part - in neat rows
Analyze in detail how best to mark boundaries,you can start charting. For convenience, you can use a large sheet of graph paper or graph paper, where every square meter is 1 square centimeter, that is, the scale will be 1: 100. Large objects - home, bath, beds, greenhouses and flower gardens, pool, garage, fruit trees - can be cut out of colored paper and freely moved around the working field. Sometimes during these experiments, new interesting ideas.
The special attention is required when planning sitesirregular, elongated shape. To give them a more picturesque view, using optical barriers and dividers in the form of flower beds, ponds, mixed compositions
With elements in the center or at the edgessection, you must keep in mind the norms of sanitary and fire, as well as the relief of the terrain. There is such a thing as dendroplan - it does not hurt.
The scheme of the minimum distances from suburban facilities to the neighboring property line, which must be observed when construction or landscaping
Simplify further activities and an indication oflocation of electrical, sewer and water communications, including groundwater. Composed own layout plan can be presented to a licensed organization for drawing up the official plan that is consistent in state institutions, as well as use in working with designers, builders and architects.