Rare owner of a private house prefers notplanted in their area with fruit trees. Orchard usually want to have everyone - spring trees delight the beautiful blooms and scent, and the fruits and berries from our own garden always seem to taste better bought in a store or on the market, besides, you know, it's eco-friendly products. In the art of Feng Shui image of a blossoming orchard is a symbol of abundance and prosperity. Garden Planning - responsible business, how well you plant trees, will depend on their growth and ability to bear fruit, so that this task should be taken with great care.
If you want to grow in your garden alsovegetables, garden layout and garden should be considered together. A place for the beds better take the southern border, from north to south, it is better for crops growing in the middle lane. Some gardeners recommend placing beds from east to west. For vegetable and strawberry (strawberry), the beds are arranged fruit bushes - currants, gooseberries. For shrubs planted trees, berry bushes light shade will not hurt from the trees, and vegetable beds need to be in the sun.
Example design vegetable beds - they do not necessarily have to be square or rectangular in shape, reminiscent of the original beds flowerbeds
Before embarking on the garden layout, you need to take into account the following important factors:
- What size area It can be isolated by an orchard. For trees with spreading crowns require a distance of 4 sq.m.
- topography. For orchard is an ideal flat terrain or a gentle slope, the cold air is retained in the depressions, excessive moisture, these sites unfavorable for fruit trees.
- Analysis of your site soils. In fruit crops powerful root system, soilshould be fertile, to provide it with a good diet. Rocky, clay, sandy soil is not suitable for the garden. Negatively affects the growth of trees, the proximity of groundwater.
- The presence of heat and light. For the majority of fruit trees it is important thatLight and heat was plenty in the shade, they are much worse grow and bear fruit. It should be said about the area with a constant strong wind - wind interferes with the normal pollination, dry soil often damages crops and breaking tree branches. From wind can partially protect the high fence and greenery.
Planning begins with a scheme on paper. If your site already has a house on it, and you need to start planning. On paper applied on the scale of the site diagram, the outlines of houses and other buildings, as well as places where there are trees.
This site is protected from the wind planted around the trees that have grown up enough to ensure the protection of
If the site is not yet built up, applied to the schemea place to build a house. Planning of garden on a plot requires a front garden. The house needs to go to the street facade, in front of it is a strip of land to the front garden. Its size depends on the area of the site - someone is just a meter, someone - 6-8 meters. In the small front garden is usually planted flowers, raspberries and berry bushes in a large - ornamental trees, flowers or some fruit trees at the discretion of the owners.
Close-fruit trees - apple, pear, take place in the north-eastern side of the site, between them and the fruit and berry bushes - a place for smaller trees - cherries, plums.
Example garden layout and garden - land is divided into two parts. The first - the house in the front garden and surrounded by flower beds with vegetables, the second half - fruit garden with trees, planted in rows
Generally, it will be convenient to draw a plan of the site,put on it all the buildings, the estimated location of the garden and a kitchen garden. On the site you need to make a layout pits for planting trees. Try to plant trees at a distance, so as they grow it does not shade each other. Heap growing bushes and trees in the garden do not grow, in addition, the conditions for horticultural crops diseases. In fruit tree root system is powerful, it should develop freely.
Council. If your site is overgrown with wild shrubs, it has stumps that need to root out, do the necessary work and burn woody debris. The ashes collect in a dry place, it is useful when creating a fertile seedbeds.
Typically, planning orchard suggestsplanting trees so that they are not shaded plots neighbors, but there are cases when the tree grows near the fence, providing fruits and owners, and neighbors, and no one has any claims.
Today it is fashionable to give the original form of garden beds, for example, vegetable pizza. The highlight is that of the circular beds in the center radiate rest as pizza slices, forming a circle
The site boundaries are usually planted raspberry, blackberry or berry bushes that are well bear fruit and shade.
The following are examples of garden planning for lovers of order and clarity of forms and for those who like it when the plants are planted in the orchard and the scheme, but give the impression of natural areas.
Landscape planning involves the location of trees and other crops in a free manner, close to natural. This garden except fruit crops, ornamental and widely used.
An example of a free garden plan - vegetable beds on the left and at the top, the fruit trees planted in groups in the center and on the right
When planning a regular trees and shrubs, andand vegetables in the garden, planted in rows strict at the same distance. Driving landing also has a strict geometric shape - square for plots, the length and width are almost equal, and the rectangle areas, the length of which is much greater than the width.
An example of a regular garden plan with a kitchen garden - a clear geometry, the site is divided into regular squares, rectangles, the plants are planted in rows
These are trees and shrubs that grow well andfruit in your latitude. For the middle band is the pear, apple (it is desirable to plant a few trees of different varieties), different varieties of plums and plum, cherry. In warm latitudes will ripen cherries and apricots. Berry bushes - all varieties of currants, gooseberries, blackberries, raspberries. When a small area of the site shrubs conveniently positioned on the perimeter.
If you plant some apple trees, among which are summer, autumn and winter apple fruit will delight you at different times of the year
An example of an interesting garden layout - the square in the center of the plates diverge paths, between which the beds, on each of the beds planted with different cultures. Come handy to any of them
In vegetable beds need to be planted close to the culture, growing well in close proximity to each other:
- cabbage, cucumbers, peas;
- cabbage, fennel, potatoes, onions, lettuce, celery;
- tomatoes, peas, carrots;
- horseradish, potatoes, beans, onions, cabbage.
When you draw a diagram, so decide what plants to plant and how much, you can start the layout of the garden on the ground, to buy plants and prepare the soil.