When giving little room for all kinds ofbuildings and want to plant trees and shrubs territory to the maximum, it is possible to combine practicality and aesthetics, creating a large gazebo of living trees. From the outside it will look like a lush green lodge, and inside the home will be able to arrange a minute of relaxation and rest in the shade of rustling leaves. This structure is easy to breathe, no review for curious neighbors and passers-by. Over the years, live pergola becomes a special highlight of your garden, as all branches spletutsya in a tight tent, attracting summer foliage, and in winter - an amazing wood frame. If you are ready for a long landscaped experiment - will understand the intricacies of creating a gazebo from scratch.
"Live" gazebo is different from conventional woodenor brick so that it does not have walls, pillars and the roof of the building materials. All these functions are performed by the trees. Trunks are the pillars, the branches - a framework and leaves fill the entire frame of emptiness, like the walls and roof. After 6-7 years, even the rain could not break through the thick cap.
Trees (or tall shrubs) pick onegrade to a gazebo looked harmoniously. At the same time determined in advance what should be the height of an adult form of "live" construction. If enough of 2.5-3 meters, then planted irgu, willow or rowan. They have a high flexibility and at a young age to easily take the desired shape. Such trees are planted in increments of 70-80 cm.
If you opt for the pergola willow, you will not even have to create it additional supports as a plant perfect bend and take any shape
For higher pergola suitable poplar, maple, birch, linden. They are recommended to be planted through the meter, to the adult form of the trees are not forced out of each other due to lack of power.
All of the plants are building up a thickleaves only in good light, so it is best to choose the gazebo open on all sides place. However, on drafts all the plant is not necessary, or from winter winds can spoil a considerable part of the branches, especially the young. Try to keep on the other side, where in your area, often the wind blows in three meters from the future pergola stood any structure or even a fence.
Not bad feeling in such planting spruce,which, unlike hardwood normally develop in the penumbra. However, inside the gazebo will spruce darker than birch or maple, but the air will constantly hang flavor mineral phytoncids killing germs.
As with the creation of any structure, the first thingspend the markup. To the root system of trees normally developed inside the green room should be enough space. Ideal - 3x3 meters. More can be less desirable due to the fact that you often have to cut the protruding shoots inside the pavilions, so that they do not interfere with recreation.
If you want a round shape, then mark the diameter of the inner space of 6.7 meters.
Some owners using high cutting skeletal branches create an outdoor gazebo, where there are no walls, and there is only a green roof
Saplings buy or dig in the forest heights1.5-2 meters. Try to pick up all the trees of the same height of the trunk, so that they develop uniformly. Planting normal - early spring, before the sap flow.
In the seedlings are buried in the ground poles,which for the first time will be the support for the whole structure, while the trunks of trees will not grow to the desired height and become stronger. All the pillars twist wire, to which will be attached to the branches forming a dense skeleton. Immediately fix to the frame of the seedlings so that they grow in the right direction and curl. Tethering can be plastic clamps that are in gardening stores or rope. The wire does not use, as it can greatly dig into the tree tissue and lead to cancer.
In this state, you leave a living frame until next spring, allowing the seedlings take root in a new place and get stronger.
When using the bushes impossible to achieve a thick trunk, so they planted a few pieces (2-3), criss-crossing around the supporting pillars
While trees take root and grow stronger, you can build a gazebo inside. Furniture and other accessories will appear in due course, but first of all create the floor. There are several possible options:
- If the gazebo is a continuous, closed on foliagethe ground to the top of the roof, and the only niche for the penetration of sunlight will be the entrance, it is best to choose a tile or pavers. She is not afraid of humidity, water and oxygen passes into the ground, which means that the power of the roots will not be disturbed.
- For arbors whose walls are deciduousstart at half a meter in height and up, suitable lawn grass or wooden chocks. Light in such a structure missing gazebo is well ventilated, so herbal sex will not suffer from the darkness, and the wood - from the humidity.
Not bad at an early stage to consider lighting. If you use the gazebo and in the evenings, you will have to hang up the lamp. So, it is necessary to conduct electricity. And while the seedlings are still small, and the area is undeveloped - Dig the groove and route the power supply cable. Over time, as the trunks of trees grow, stretch the cable up to the ceiling and hang the lamp.
Some hosts instead of one central lamp hang on the perimeter of the small walls. Then the outside it seems like a gazebo full of fantastic shine and glow in the dark.
For live gazebo fit and stone floor, a well-leaky, but underneath it is necessary to pour a layer of sand
The following year, in early spring, beginsthe formation of the future structure of the walls. If you want to make the most gazebo closed from prying eyes, the crop seedlings carried out as follows:
- Check, which aims top sapling. If it is distorted and does not grow straight up - tie it to the frame, fixing in the right direction.
- All skeletal branches (the thickest, coming from the barrel) should be trimmed by half, to stimulate the growth side, thinner shoots. The lowest branches are fixed to the wire horizontally.
- In mid-summer by 10-15 cm crown pruned.
If you want to keep the lower part of the arbornet of greenery consisting of only bare stems, then cut all the skeletal branches to the trunk, leaving stumps, at the height you need. Most often, the bottom left to play in the 80-100 cm. You just have to stay below the barrel, without a single branch. In addition, each the cut obscure garden pitch, so that the tree is not ill. Other actions - as in instructions above: align top, tie horizontal branches and so on.
Lower skeletal branches are cut only slightly, to give impetus to the growth of side shoots sleeping, and the other about half
This year, no scrap is no longer produced. Next spring continue to frame molding:
- Choose from the upper branches of the young, who will become the new crown, and fix it vertically.
- There are new skeletal branches pruned by half.
- Over the last year the lower branches, tied horizontally, find another pair of young skeletal branches and fix the wire as well as last year (horizontal).
- Cut off the crown again (in July).
Thus we form the walls of the gazebo, whileit reaches the desired height us. This year all the young twigs sticking out, we cut off or plait between skeletal, so that they do not violate the integrity of the structure. This can be done by July.
When the barrels matured and grown to the desired height,We begin to form the roof. To do this, all the top runners should be the crown braid to braid a rope pull, and bend over the edge to the center of the future roof of the gazebo. The second region of the rope tied to the top of the support column on the opposite wall or pergola pull together these opposite end of the top of the tree. In any case, the rope should be taut to branch could not straighten up, and remained in the position assigned to them.
Tat in the top of the spit is imperative that withthe time when the branch odrevesneyut, you get a reliable frame over his head. If you simply bind the branches, they are after removing the ropes begin to grow in different directions.
After the trunks and skeletal branches, whichformed by walls and a roof, odrevesneyut, you can shoot all the wire frame and remove the supporting pillars. From now on, you only have to cut thin branches, out of the general mass.
To add a gazebo foliage from the bottom (where there is noskeletal branches), landed on the seat supporting pillars shrubs that respond well to shearing (spirea, boxwood and barberry, etc..). When they grow up to the level of the lower run - sheared and then align the top of the side shoots to a desired shape.
As an added decoration, you can use the gazebo and creeping annuals that bloom beautifully and will make accents in green tent foliage
You can plant shrubs instead of blooming vines(Maiden grapes, clematis, etc.), But try to choose such plants, which grow inordinately tall no more than 2 meters, so they do not interrupt the main background of foliage. At the same time, remember that you have to feed them more often, as the main food of the land will take live gazebo.
Such structures are not uncommon in Europe, butWe gazebo of living trees are still exotic. So if you want to surprise your friends and acquaintances dacha landscape - try to grow this masterpiece with his own hands.