The classic pergola is called two or morearches that are connected together. This capital or fab system is intended to form the shaded transition from one part of the garden to another place for privacy and relaxation on a hot summer day. Despite such a romantic role, pergola and it is able to solve the problem of the earth. It serves as a support for climbing plants and ampelnye divides land into zones and just hiding from the technical purpose built eye. It looks great pergola made of wood with their hands. Exactly how to build this useful and attractive design, we will try to tell in this article.
To create pergolas used different material. Preference is given to, the construction of which will fit harmoniously into the overall design of the site.
This material is the most popular becauseable to match almost any style. Wooden pergolas are particularly aesthetic appeal. Also important is the fact that the erection of a wooden structure must be quite a bit of time.
Pergola made of wood is most needed, because a perfect match with any stylistic decision of the site and easily constructed independently
If the wood is attractive for its naturalness,the metal is a constant leader in matters of durability and strength. If you do not mind taking care of him and to prevent rust, the lacy wrought-iron building, overgrown with plants, will stand for decades.
Metal Pergola is considered the most durable construction: in fact, if you take good care of it, it will last a very long time
Facilities of this material are fundamental andhave a luxurious appearance. When planning how and what to build a pergola, consider how well it fits into the site: to put a small stone building is not necessary. It instantly becomes the center of attention, and the rest of the beauty of a fade. But in the large gardens of stone construction can become a real decoration.
Pergola made of stone is indeed a monumental construction, which is intended only for a large well-kept garden in the style of the Empire
This material was also used to createpergolas, but it is less in demand, though it is available at a price. Facilities hard plastic blend in with the environment. However, when the plastic is hidden under the green plants, construction material will not be so important.
When flowering vines or completely entwine elegant design, it makes no difference from what it was made pergola
Most materials used in combination with each other. This timber is perfectly combined with the stone, and metal.
The easiest way to make a light construction of wood. Oak, spruce and pine - excellent material for the work.
Pondering how to make a beautiful and functionalpergola with their own hands, we must first make sure that it can find a suitable place in the area. At this stage should be to purchase all the necessary materials and tools to prepare.
In the form of a terrace or an extension to the house pergola performs one of its main functions: it creates a pleasant shade and coolness
It is often used in pergolas BBQ areait is as a protection from the heat, are not considered to be less successful and placing this building by the pond. They erect an extension to a terrace or a summerhouse. In such places, they are particularly aesthetically pleasing look.
Having defined the place, you must makeconstruction project to more accurately determine the need for materials. The most popular are the pergolas from 2.5 m height and 1.4 m width. All other parameters depend only on the imagination of the future owner.
You will need tools: screwdriver, hammer and shovel. Purchase of braces and brackets. It is possible to be limited only by nails, but better to use screws and wood. We will definitely apply antiseptic. It would take the paint and brush. Prepare the wooden beams of various sizes from 70x70 mm (support), 50x50 mm (for cross beams), 100x100 mm and 100x50 mm (for the side beams). Do not forget about the trellis panels and concrete solution. Specific material requirements is based on the individual project.
All elements of the tree must be carefully treated with an antiseptic solution. After drying, the details you can continue working with them.
Mark up selected in advance in accordancewith the construction plan. If the structure is rectangular on 4 pillars, then proceed to dig holes for the installation of these towers. The optimum depth of the pits for a small construction is 60 cm. They will be placed and the support bars are concreted to the sustainability solution.
Place the future location pergolas is marked by the rectangle corners dug pit, which will be concreted poles, props for future construction
Now, the break occurs againseveral days. So much time is necessary in order to secure a solution to "grab" and the support has not warped. For further work we will return only after the concrete hardens completely.
When attaching the horizontal beams to the supportsit is desirable to use braces, and brackets, screws and nails. The most reliable method of fixing can be regarded as finger joints. Spike is forced into the end of the beam, and in the place where the connection is going to happen, make a hole for this spike. Installed this way the beam is secured.
The cross is attached to the horizontal crossbarbeams. They should be placed equidistant from each other. Nailed them better nails "to slash". In this case, the design will better resist wind gusts. Trellis panels must also be attached to horizontal beams. It should be remembered that the trellis panels contact with the ground is not desirable, because contact with the soil can promote the development of the process of decay.
Here are some examples of the construction of a wooden pergola on the video:
Do not forget that one of the intended pergolasIt is to create a support for the winding and ample plants. It was they who formed the saving shadow that so attracts a hot summer day.
The most commonly used to support the pergola of grapes. Decorative girlish grapes or cultural - are both look great in this building and feel great.
Effectively look Entangling pergola Chinesemagnolia vine, Actinidia, clematis and vines, nasturtium, honeysuckle, and even celastrus hops. With the last plant to be especially careful, because hops, growing haphazardly, able to flood the whole garden.
When a pergola decorated with flowers, she looks very solemn and romantic: it is such constructions evoke thoughts about the wedding celebrations
Always attracts the attention of tenderwisteria and roses twine, which are particularly common in the southern regions of our country. All the plants that adorn our structure in need of care, feeding, and timely watering.
It must be remembered that for the growth of plantsit takes time. While the design remains nezapletёnnoy, it can cover the stain and protective varnish for outdoor use. A shadow can temporarily create a fabric cloth, placed on a horizontal surface structures.
Bright fabric cover, temporarily replaces the green plants on the pergola looks charmingly, successfully creating the necessary shade and coolness
Next to the pergola stone will look good small fountain from the same material or a sculpture in the selected style. Wooden structures enliven located near a well or stream.