Water facilities

How to clean the hole while silting: top 5 best ways

How to clean the hole while silting: top 5 best ways

Well convenient because it’s a great alternative to piped water supply, a water source at the site solves problems with irrigation and the use of life-giving water for household needs. But the preventive work carried out from time to time need to make the hole clean and the system worked fine, so many owners of country houses are thinking how to clean out the hole with his hands, not wasting a lot of money.

If the water pressure was weaker, the first alarm. Usually follows a brief stalemate with the characteristic gurgle and the subsequent release of muddy water, and then the system stops working.

The contents

Cleaning wells with their hands begins with determining the cause of failure. The reasons can be many: problems often occur in irregular operation, errors during drilling and construction. Bearing layers can change its direction – in this case, the reason will be natural.

If the building has no protective mechanisms in the wellhead will get a lot more garbage. The reason may be the lack of maintenance and poor operation of the pump.

There are two main types of wells (with a filter and straight trunk) and three basic ways to organize the work well: wash her, to pump or to blow.

Cleaned the intake with a straight trunk the equipment can be lowered to the bottom, thereby eliminating the risk of rapid siltation. But the irregular operation of any well sooner or later become clogged.

The scheme of the device well

Diagram of the well with a mesh strainer. Many gardeners recommend the use of filters, rather than chlorinated water. But cleaning sooner or later you will need any well, so choose the most convenient method, based on its features

Most affordable independent country method of cleaning wells from sand and silt is pumping.

Method #1 — using standard vibronics

If you have a regular or a special pump used for dirty water can be pumped and a mixture of sand and silt, and debris with small stones. At the bottom of a borehole pump installed, and all debris deposited on the bottom, enters the pipe and is drawn into the pump. Through the pump from time to time it is necessary to pass and clean water. If the body becomes very hot, it means that you need to give the equipment to relax. To clean the bore of a standard vibratory pump «Baby» you can, if it is shallow, the pump is lowered to a maximum of 40 metres.

Cleaning fibromucosa

Pump at the bottom of the well, the water pollution is absorbed into the pipe and thrown out. Through the pump from time to time is skipped clean water to the working surfaces were clean. For safety equipment it’s better one-two off to avoid overheating

Method #2 — cleaning the well by bailer

If the well is clogged slightly, and this itself is shallow, you can use the bailer. In other cases, its application will be ineffective. If the depth is within 30m and more, you will also need a winch, and this cleaning method will require a considerable effort from two strong men.

Bailer – a section of pipe on the wire mesh at the top and a hole at the bottom. She sinks to the bottom, then rises to a height of 0.5 m and drops abruptly. Inside is typed in, the water inside the cylinder is a ball of metal after a couple of seconds rises and then falls and closes the hole. This cycle of rising and lowering is repeated three or four times, then the bailer is raised and cleared from the sand. To make the work easier, you can use a tripod. At a time in the cylinder falls about 0.5 kg of sand, so, doing the cleaning this way, you can figure out how fast the well gets clogged.


Photo and diagram of jelonki. Reviews about this method of cleaning wells are both positive and negative. Someone this method of cleaning is very time-consuming and inefficient, someone only uses. If you can make a self-bailer, extra spending, such treatment is not required, and this is a plus

A bailer with ball valve, you can make your own or buy ready-made at the store.

Method #3 — mechanical cleaning

The most effective method of deep drilling is mechanized cleaning. The best option is to use two pair of pumps.

Deep, fitted bottom hikosaburo pump is at the bottom of the well. He lifts up the water with mud and silt. Pump working with him in pairs, delivers water for shaking the sediment under the pressure from the tank. To cleaning was really effective, a hose for water drainage, you should be sure that the amount of pollution was not too large, if their concentration in water is very high, can cause overheating and even hardware failure.

The equipment should also be chosen properly, the selection depends on the depth where water is present. Vibronabory are used if the depth of the water over 10 meters.

Mechanized cleaning

Mechanized cleaning of wells with deep well pump and pump, which are working with him in pairs, recognized as the most effective way. Much depends on the proper selection of pumps, so before cleaning, it is better to consult with specialists

Method #4 — cleaning with the help of a fire truck

For cleaning the bore, you can call the fire truck. Using fire hose and the pressure under heavy pressure, you can clear well over ten minutes. But this method is expensive and dangerous, strong pressure can damage the filters and nodes in the system. This method is recommended for heavily soiled.

Method #5 — use lift-air lift

How to unclog the well in the country of sand and silt by airlift? The method consists in using the Archimedes ‘ principle. What essentially is well? It is a container of water. It is placed in water-lifting pipe, in the lower part of which is using air compressor compressed air is supplied. In the pipe a mixture of air and foam. Water column pushes on water-lifting pipe, the process starts, it needs to be controlled to purify the water in the well did not end.

Since the bottom of the pipe is located almost on the sand, the sand from the water rises and is absorbed by the water-lifting pipe. The task of the person involved in treatment – to monitor the water level in the well.

Air-lift pump

Cleaning with air-lift pump, are also effective method. Compressed air is supplied under pressure at the bottom of the pipe sludge, water, small stones rise, are absorbed by the tube and ejected to the surface

Generally, wells in shallow areas, and to clean suitable for standard vibrance or bailer. If the depth of the well is significant, you can try method of mechanized cleaning. When using a sleeve of a fire engine cleaning the bore will be very fast, but it is very expensive. Unfortunately, this method often leads to damage and this entails additional costs. If the main source of water you have in the country – well, choose a convenient way to clean and periodically clean it to the shortages of water, because the water in the country – the main condition for a comfortable stay.

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