Encyclopedia of plants

Whimsical and lovely hydrangea: secrets of planting and care from the wise gardeners

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A little history

First appeared in Europe large-leaved hydrangea. It happened in the late XVIII century. They brought her French travelers from the island of Mauritius located in the Indian ocean. Part of this first French expedition around the world was the Prince of the Roman Empire K. G. Nassau-Siegen. It is believed that he named the plant in honor of his beloved sister.

Large-leaved hydrangea

Large-leaved hydrangea was born on the island of Mauritius and appeared in Europe thanks to the first French world expedition. Such beauty is impossible to miss even in the luxurious Governor’s garden

However, other sources claim that the name Bush was in honor of the beloved French physician F. Commerson. There are not so romantic version of appearance of this name: the hive was discovered in the Governor’s garden. Here and named it in honor of this event in Latin hortensis, which means «from the garden».

Otherwise this moisture-loving shrub called gerontia. In Greek hydor indicates «water», and angeion — «vessel». And it wasn’t just that the bushes need frequent watering, but in the fact that its seed pods look similar to jar — jar. But more pleasant to the ear the name gradually prevailed over the Latin.

The types and varieties of hydrangeas

The family Hortenziyevyh (Hydrangeaceae) includes several dozen varieties of this plant. Until now, their exact number is not defined, because some instances cause experts differences. Most often it is a blooming shrub with attractive large leaves. But sometimes it is also called the vines, and even small trees.

Hydrangea - vine

Surprisingly, this twine plant, too, is a kind of hydrangea. It looks very impressive on the exterior walls of houses in the area with a mild climate

As a rule, are formed of hydrangea paniculate or corymbose inflorescences, which bloom at the ends of shoots. Their edges are major sterile (infertile) flowers and in the center is a small fertile, that is fruit. Certain types of flowers are fruit-bearing: they form a large and very attractive balls.

The petals of this shrub are quite a variety of colors: they come in white, pink, blue, red, purple and even blue. They are able to please any gardener-foodie. But the leaves on its appeal are not inferior to them. With proper care, they grow large, juicy and bright. From such a beauty hard to resist.

Different flowers in the inflorescence

Large and flashy flowers placed around the inflorescence, complement fine, but fruit that constitute its Central part

Usually in the open ground planted the following species: paniculata, tree, groundcover, garden, radiant, ash, serrate, petiolate, large-leaved and rough. We will focus on those varieties that are most popular in Russian gardens.

Paniculate hydrangea ice cream in green

Of course, this inflorescence is called a panicle, and the hydrangea – paniculata. Panicle really similar to soft ice cream, squeezed in a waffle Cup. It has a conical form, composed of large and small flowers. Has a length of 20-25 cm.

Paniculate hydrangea part 1

Different varieties of paniculata hydrangeas (left to right): top row — Grandiflora or Pee Gee, Limelight, bottom row: Pinkie-Winky, Phantom

At the beginning of flowering the petals of the plant have a white color, they are gradually turning pink, and before the end of the season add to the overall palette slightly greenish tone. This change of shades characteristic of this wonderful shrub. Its leaves have the shape of an ellipse. On top they are covered with velvety fuzz. Even more, they pubescent below.

Paniculate hydrangea part 2

Some more varieties of paniculata hydrangeas (left to right): top row: vanilla FRAS, Daymont Rouge, bottom row — great Old white Lady

Flowering paniculate species is characterized by its duration. It begins with early varieties in June, and with the arrival of July this process encompasses all of the variety. What are the varieties of this flower are planted in Russia?

  • Grandiflora or Pee Gee. This variety is quite often seen in old gardens. Its tightly Packed inflorescence consists entirely of sterile flowers.
  • Limelight. This shrub can reach a height of up to 1.2-1.6 metres. And it is a smaller version of the little lime, to 1 m tall. Its pyramidal greenish panicles turn pink just before the end of the season.
  • Pinky-Winky. This variety has a height of 1.5-1.8 meters. Different delicate inflorescences with large flowers that are purple-pink.
  • Phantom. This Bush grows to a height of 2.5 meters. Due to the spreading crowns should take a little more space. Its creamy panicles gradually turn pink.
  • Vanilla FRAS. Its panicles are very similar to vanilla strawberry ice cream. The Bush reaches 2 meters in height. Grade Sunday Frez – half reduced copy.
  • Daymont Rouge. If you still have not seen the variety with red petals, it’s him. The plant reaches 1.5 to 1.8 meters in height.
  • Great Old. Large petals of this variety are connected in the form of a propeller and seems to float above the common mass of small. Very showy two-meter Bush.
  • White Lady. This sort of reminds of Jasmine. On the Bush 2 feet high snow-white petals look like butterflies, which are on the verge of straying.
  • VIMS Red. Great variety, which flowers three times during the season change color. In June they are white, then turn pink and finally fall to gain a deep Burgundy red color.

To enumerate all varieties of paniculata hydrangeas do not make sense, but believe me, it is sought in all its incarnations and variations. Is what to choose and what fun to work.


Inflorescences hydrangeas often change color throughout the season, but Sims Red an amazing variety of this plant: it changes the colors of their flowers twice during the flowering period

Choose a tree variety

The tree hydrangea is also able to endure our climatic conditions. It freezes only in severe winters. Despite the name, it’s still a shrub, and in height it grows about 1.5 meters. Its large ovate leaves are at the base of the notch, similar to a stylized heart, and indent the edges. The surface of the green sheet and its reverse side – gray.

Here are some names:

  • Hayes Starburst.. Its inflorescences consist of a large Terry flowers at first greenish and later a bright white hue. Their diameter can reach 25 cm is Sometimes thin branches of a Bush just can not stand this gravity.
  • Incrediball. White blooming balls on this shrub are striking for its giant size. The plant itself rises of 1.2-1.5 meters.
  • Invincibelle Spirit. Intense pink shade of large blossoms over time, like fade in the sun, gradually acquiring a noble pallor.
  • White House. Large flowers creamy white color fringe plate, the inner part of which consists of fertile flowers. The maximum height of the Bush – only 1-1. 4 m.

Of course, this list does not show all the wealth choice: he only lifts the veil that still hides many mysterious beauties.

Tree hydrangea

Different varieties of tree hydrangeas (left to right): top row: Hayes Starburst., Incrediball, the bottom row of Invincibelle Spirit and the white House

Petiolate to strive upward

This species of hydrangeas a loose inflorescence also have the shape of a shield. Large flowers are located at the edges, and small form the center. But the most amazing thing in the Bush – its roots and suckers, which grow on shoots. With their help he is able to climb the wall of knowledge at a height of 25 meters. Broad green leaves seemed to cover the wall, forming a single cloth.

Petiolate species of hydrangea

Stemmed hydrangea can be used not only as a graceful climber, but also as an excellent groundcover

Unfortunately, petiolate species is not tolerant of our harsh winters. If in the Baltic States you can leave it on poles, then we have to not only remove, but to hide. However, as a great groundcover it also can be widely used.

Such a welcome and whimsical large-leaved hydrangea

This plant is a frequent guest in the domestic area, which always pleases in a variety of colors. Various forms it not only flowers, but also buds. The only drawback of this beauty is the need to shelter in the winter. May freezing, and sopret if the shelter will show her excess.

If it will freeze slightly in autumn or early spring, and then depart, then the damage can be just flower buds. Therefore, it is better to breed her in a greenhouse and then planted in open ground. Autumn may again sit out in the greenhouse, and in the winter she would have to move to live in the basement.

Large-leaved hydrangea

This kind of hydrangeas you can not only buy in the tub, but also planted right along with the barrel: it’s easier in the future to transfer into a greenhouse in the basement

Soil requirements and peculiarities of landing

It is believed that tree planting the best time is spring or autumn, but these bushes can be planted even in the summer. It is important to buy them in a pot or in the tub below the root system was closed. However, in order not to risk, it is better for planting choose spring.

Better if at lunch time, Bush will be in the shade or partial shade. The hot sun and the drought it brings very bad. In the drop-off location needs to be established a special regime of the soil. The ground must give an acid reaction. To create it in the landing pit put peat or a special potting mix for azaleas. Good mixture of peat and compost or leaf mold in equal parts. Compost can be exchanged for potassium sulphate and superphosphate.

Spring planting hydrangeas

When planting hydrangeas is not only good to prepare the soil, but also to guess the weather: night frost can damage the whole plant or only the flower buds

Dig a pit 50 cm deep. Its length and width — not less than 60 cm the Soil should be permeable and friable that the sapling was not having difficulty breathing. Future of the Bush was quite lush, it roots just before landing to shorten it, and trim the shoots to 3-4 buds.

The seedling is placed in the soil, then watered, and then around it place the peat mulch. For mulch suitable film and sawdust, paper and burlap, compost and pine needles, straw and even clay. So in the upper soil layers remain correct air mode. When planting as hedges between the seedlings should be left at least 2-3 meters distance. In this case, the bushes will not strangle each other when they grow.

The care and feeding

How you will care for your hydrangea, and she will delight you from spring until late autumn.

  • Soil. 5-7 cm of soil loosen. Don’t forget to pour new mulch.
  • Watering. In the area of the root, the soil should not be dry. Need to water only warm water that was already settled.
  • Dressing. Twice a month make a dressing with organic or mineral fertilizers.
  • Support. Under the weight of the balls of the flowering branches can break.
  • Pruning. Old bushes should be rejuvenated. To do this, at the end of October to produce a crop. If the shoots are weak or old, they need to be removed. The other is cut to one or two pairs of buds. Spring pruning is necessary to spend once again – to remove frozen branches in the winter. The upper part of the shoots last year not to cut.

Once again we remind that in direct sunlight hydrangea can survive but it will look no matter. She will lag behind in development and growth, will give small and ugly buds. As such, it needs shade or partial shade.

Pruning hydrangeas

Trim hydrangeas in the spring must be especially careful not to damage flower buds and not leave itself in the long term without the wonderful feast of the flowering of this plant

Read more about care, pruning and winter watch the video:

How to propagate plant?

Beauty is never enough, so, sooner or later, it will want to multiply. How to do it?

  • Seeds. Gather seeds. In open ground they can be planted in may or late April. If all goes well, the first flowering shrub should be expected only in two years.
  • Division. A large hive can be divided. Better to do it in the spring, then by autumn the new hive will get stronger.
  • Cuttings. For this procedure, you will need cuttings of the current year. After 20-25 days they are already rooted.
Cuttings of hydrangea

The easiest and fastest way to propagate hydrangeas is cuttings. The result will be received in 20-25 days, and by autumn the plant well enough

As you can see, despite its temperamental nature of this plant, it is possible and necessary to cope. If you do it right, you can enjoy a wonderful view of your garden. And will be proud that such beauty had made with his own hands.

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