Small buildings

The installation of stoves with their hands

Comfortable to spend time in the steam room can be provided for the proper installation of stoves. Providing a complete space heating, it must meet fire safety standards and at the same time not to disturb the vacationers. When choosing stoves focus on the way the furnace.

The installation of stoves with their hands

The location features ↑

When the sauna heater is installed there are two options for the location of the fuel door: it is located directly in the steam room or placed in an adjacent room. Both configurations stoves have advantages and challenges related to.

While finding the fuel door in the steam room to adjust the intensity of combustion is easier, but in a small area may experience inconveniences with the placement of wood. Careful attention should be paid to the problem of burning oxygen in the room. To avoid the negative consequences will help the installation in the steam room for effective ventilation. In addition to the additional oxygen, while the furnace bath furnace in the steam room, you should consider heating the rest of the area. This question will become relevant in the winter.

Much more practical to install stoves with external combustion chamber. In addition to the lack of problems burn oxygen, does not require additional costs for heating the next room. In addition, the space for firewood in the dressing room much more. When installing external furnace, there are other difficulties:

  • To monitor the combustion process in stoves no one will need to periodically leave the steam room.
  • The installation of the fuel door in the adjacent room associated with complicated installation, stoves.
  • In the absence of the project required opening, you will need to dismantle part of the wall, and further equip its refractory and insulating materials.

The installation of stoves with their hands

In exceptional cases, the stop on the way to install the fuel door on the street. This option is used when heating stoves coal.

Comment! Take care about the convenient opening of the door, so it does not interfere with the setting process of the fuel. If necessary, the design can be converted to the other side, but better this time to consider when buying.

When installing stoves special attention is paid to fire safety of the building. The lack of protection of refractory materials involves the installation of furnace and chimney in a wooden room at a distance of 1.0-1.2 m from the walls. To reduce the space allows vehicle design protective screen of fire-resistant materials.

The installation of stoves with their hands

Protective screen ↑

To ensure the fire safety of wooden baths and prevent burns are called heat shields that are divided according to their functions:

  • To mitigate the heat radiation from the metal housing allows the visual appearance of bricks.
  • Of refractory materials prepare protect adjacent walls.
  • Close floor is covered with bricks, tiles, stoneware tiles, stone or sheet metal.

Brick masonry is the most popular method of protection, the material for it is better to choose a ceramic corpulent. Installation of the brick screen to stoves requires compliance with certain rules:

  • The distance between the side surfaces of the metal structure and brick protection in the range of 3-10 cm.
  • The lower part must be equipped with holes to speed up the warm steam. If you wish to adjust the temperature without leaving the sauna, in the hole install the door or temporarily closed with bricks.
  • The installation of protective frame is made by laying in half of brick. Some experts suggest to put a brick on the edge, but then the thickness of the screen turns out too thin and warming is accelerating. If you are not a supporter of high temperatures, masonry in brick will provide a comfortable location near the bath of the furnace, but to heat up the steam room will be much longer.
  • For the bonding of the bricks used the clay mixture with sand, sometimes clay used instead of cement.
  • The height of the brick screen while installing is always above the upper surface of stoves.

The installation of stoves with their hands

In addition to brick protection, to protect the wooden walls from stoves can heat-resistant screens are conventional type. They consist of small forms by type boxes, hollow inside and framed sheet metal or stainless steel, coated with heat-resistant paint. The bottom design is equipped with holes for air circulation and prevent overheating of the metal sheet stoves.

Warning! Installation of metal screen directly on the wall is prohibited. For these purposes, use strips of non-combustible materials with low thermal conductivity or thermal insulation material.

In the first case, the generated air gap between the wall and the screen prevents the risk of fire wooden structures. In the second embodiment, the air gap is absent, but mineral stone wool performs the same function: protect the wall from heat. In addition, the installation of the convection screen is not made directly on the floor between them should be a gap of several inches for the circulation of air flows.

The installation of stoves with their hands

Rules tie-in oven in wall ↑

The installation of a bath furnace, where the furnace is located in an adjacent room, requires compliance with the precautionary measures, especially for bath, made of combustible materials. Easier when the frame is provided at the construction stage, then built the walls immediately closed around the bath of the furnace refractory materials. The size of the opening depends on the model of the furnace and its power. In technical documents the manufacturer usually specifies the recommended sizes. If the stove home-made, installation is made with medium settings:

  • Distance from lengthening the flue to flammable surfaces from 40 to 50 cm.
  • When defending the walls with insulator (for these purposes, suitable asbestos, basalt wool or gypsum) distance is 25 to 35 cm.
  • The clearance between the fuel channel and the protective brick screen, in the absence of guidance recommendations, not less than 2.5 cm If you want, you can fill it with basalt wool, glass wool from better to give.
The Council! Basalt wool should not contain binders, since at high temperatures they emit no harmful substances, the material changes its structure and loses its properties.

When choosing insulating materials for stoves purchase products that once installed can withstand temperature up to 1000onWith.

The installation of stoves with their hands

The installation of stoves with their hands

Equipment Foundation ↑

The presence of the concrete floor eliminates the need for additional protection from the heat of stoves. For the convenience of cleaning the surface equipped with ceramic tiles or porcelain tiles. Wood flooring needs to install the protective plane. The form in which it will fail depends on the total mass stoves. If the weight of the structure with all the additions in the form of chimney and brick protection exceeds 700 kg, the installation of the Foundation required. To determine the total mass is taken into account:

  • the mass of the stove;
  • the weight of the stones;
  • the volume of liquid in the tank;
  • the weight of the chimney;
  • the weight of the protective screen.

Dimensions of the base exceed the dimensions of stoves or protective screen at 15-20 cm depth design is equal to the building’s Foundation. If furnace installation is produced near the supporting wall, the basis for design makes it incoherent. This provides the possibility of individual deformation of building and bath stoves. The height of the basement behind the floor level by 20 cm Received the opening is filled by two rows of bricks.

Equipment Foundation for stoves is the traditional way:

  • in the prepared pit, installing the formwork;
  • reinforcing mesh performs the function of increasing the strength of the structure;
  • concrete is poured a solution consisting of 3 parts sand and 1 part cement.
  • after drying, the Foundation of it is covered with a double layer of waterproofing in the form of roofing or roofing material;
  • completes the design the installation of the bricks in two rows.

The installation of stoves with their hands

If the weight of the stoves with all the components reaches a critical limit is 700 kg, and the wooden floor is durable enough, you can restrict the installation of a heat-resistant base. As protection from the heat of stoves suitable metal sheet placed on the sheet of basalt cardboard or asbestos. Replace the metal capable of natural stones, tile or brick.

The Council! To eliminate the risk of fire from dropped coals will help the installation of 40 cm in front of a furnace bath furnace with protective sheet metal.

The installation of stoves with their hands

Types of chimney ↑

The final stage of installation, stoves – erection of the chimney. The material used can be of 4 types:

  • brick;
  • sandwich;
  • metal;
  • ceramics.

More recently popular has been the installation of a brick chimney. But this would immediately lead to the equipment Foundation for stoves. Another difficulty is to find an experienced, capable, competent calculations and bring them to reality.

The installation of stoves with their hands

Replaced the brick structure came the sandwich tube. Main advantages: affordable pricing, ease of design and installation. The outer surface of the chimney of the sandwich is practically not heated, it simplifies the output equipment through the ceiling and roof.

Less practical option for installation of the chimney with metal pipe. High heating of the material does not meet the standards of fire safety. The latter method equipment stoves chimney – the use of a ceramic material. Despite the high technical characteristics, heavy weight and high cost negates all the advantages of ceramic products.

The installation of stoves with their hands

Optimal use of sandwich pipes is confirmed by the manufacturer’s recommendations, referring in his instructions for installing the stoves on this material.

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