What is a house without a roof? The most basic element of reliability, durability, insulation and stylish attractive appearance.
Modern architects and builders have invented a huge variety of roofs of private houses, depending on the location of the home, the volume of construction, the overall design of the building and many other things.
Today we can safely say that the most popular 2 types of roofs:
The difference between them is elementary, depending on the angle of the surface. When slope is over 10 degrees we are talking about the sloping planes, which in turn also have subtypes according to the number of rays and appointment.
Lean-to roof surface used more in non-residential premises, if the arrangement of outbuildings, warehouses and shops, garages, etc. In the construction of such a building should take into account the structure of the roof, which means the support of roofing material on the main beams of the building, and the walls are smooth guide. Here is an example of such construction.
Gable roof the most popular in private construction. The model consists of two equal gradients, which rely on load-bearing walls of equal height. Most often, these roofs resemble a triangle shape, they have for many years used in construction and deserve attention and respect.
When the roof surface has several triangular slopes, then we can talk about gambrel structure. She has a complex truss system, its design often is trusted by the professionals. These roofs are more resistant to strong wind and leaks during heavy rain.
The design has 4 Stingray, looks like a trapezoid and angular shapes represent the small triangles are called hips.
During natural disasters such surface often remains pure and unharmed by the debris and dust is quickly blown off its slopes.
One of the types of roofs of private homes – is tent, designed for square and polygonal constructions. All rays represent smooth triangles that meet at one point.
In hipped roof ridge is missing, it is completely symmetrical.
Such planes have wind resistance and are an interesting design solution.
There is still poluvalmovaya roof, as an intermediate option between a gambrel and a gable. These roofs allow architects to place on the posterior wall of a full-fledged window, this building is very interesting and quite challenging to work layman.
Moving on to yet another interesting structure – mnogoschiptsovaya roof. This type has a complex truss system, so its structure needs highly qualified specialists.
A broken roof it is used to cover the house of mansard type. Special kink angles of the rays allows the use of the useful area of the interior of the attic space.
This roof is not very different from the usual gable, so the special complexity of its structure are not available.
For those who wish to create another room in the attic, then this type of roof must be taken care of.
Dome and conical roofs used in construction are very rare, such structures can be noted on the long age-old buildings, the ancestors have left us interesting architectural solutions, which surprise with their amazing elements – verandahs and turrets.
Less common in modern construction – flat roof, it is based on single slope, almost invisible bias.
Difficult these roofs to withstand numerous precipitation, snow and rain, because if they do, then reinforce with concrete slabs and metal structures.
These types of roofs we often see in American TV shows when on the surface your home, you can get a wonderful Conservatory or to create a Seating area.
Allocate combined roof quite complex shapes and designs. They include numerous species of stingrays, gable, gambrel, mansard, hipped.
Such buildings may have open and closing of verandas, covered balconies, interesting window solutions, everything that attracts attention for its unusual and original design.
If we talk about pitched roofs, which are quite common in construction parlance, it is worth noting the main advantages:
- This reliable and heavy-duty construction, which protects a dwelling from the effects of natural disasters;
- Last for years, depending on the choice of construction material;
- Has an attractive appearance that will fit into any design of the site and whether the building;
- Under the roof you can make extra room, attic or attic.
Disadvantages of the roof:
- High prices for construction and high cost of materials;
- The complexity of the repair during operation.
But despite all this, such a roof will protect Your family from the wind, the torrential rain and heavy snowfall, what can be said about flat design.
This roof is in the process of building private residential home hardly used.
The reason is that during the precipitation the roof is unable to withstand the heavy drifts of snow and torrents of water. Because of this, it sags and falls through the cracks.
Such a construction is more useful to those who plans on top of the house to make a terrace, pool or relaxation room.
- Garret, separated from the main room:
- Bescherdachnye, combined with the main room:
- Vented to atmospheric air;
To date, planar design is considered to be the most popular and attractive material costs. Such roofs are often set on temporary shelters or cottages.
What is it attracts the modern consumer?
The main advantage is that the shed roof can only be ventilated. During the build assumes the presence of special holes in the crankshaft to the walls, which provide air circulation in the roof space.
The process of ventilation helps to remove moisture and condensation from the room in the cold season roofing surface retains heat inside and keeps the room cool.
But gable design are most often created without the ventilated function.
In the winter season with a planar surface subsides sharply snow, it lingers thanks to the angle -6-9 degrees. It is safe and comfortable, especially as the years go by torrential rains and heavy snowfall.
But the drawback is the fact that snow had to be removed by hand, so as not to exceed the carrying capacity of the truss system.
Shed roof can be erected with his own hands, with clear instructions to build and the necessary materials.
If we talk about traditional gable roof forms, the design of the roof system will look like this:
The simplicity and economy of form of the roof makes it popular and reliable. The facade of the building is of great importance, it is decorated with colored metals or razgovornymi bitumen tiles.
With the ability to adjust the eaves, each owner may at any time to make an addition or porch without worrying about the integrity and durability of roofing. In such cases, it is not necessary to make a separate roof and create architectural plans.
- A protective feature that You are not afraid of neither storm nor hail…
- A classic simple case of creating roofing.
- The ability to create exquisite architectural design by the owner.
- The full height of the building and the construction of the Windows under the roof, on the territory of the attic.
- This type of roof allows you to freely operate with the form of pediments and eaves cornices;
- The choice of materials and their availability at every hardware store.
- Reasonable prices for its construction.
- Simple and economical design.
- The possibility of its construction with his own hands, without attraction of experienced professionals, which cannot be said about multilevel and multistage structure.
In areas where there are strong wind preference is given to homes with poluvalmovaya roof. It has small overhangs with end sides, which are excellent protection during prolonged natural disasters. Cut the side slopes has a length shorter than the main. The attic of this building is quite spacious, well ventilated and well suited for the living room.
The Gables of the houses have special protection from any precipitation.
Thanks to this composition, these houses have a beautiful representative form, regardless of the location of the building.
Truss system design is complicated and requires a special mathematical calculations and attraction to create it professionals-roofers.
In this case, saving will fail, but the walls of the house will be protected for many years.
Broken gable roof ideal for summer cottages and vacation homes. The side bends ensure high internal ceilings of the building, but not always, this design is powerful and durable. Due to the change in the slope it is quite vulnerable and often can not withstand the wind load.
When building this type of roof is necessary to correctly comply with the basic proportions of its elements that will help You in the future not to spend money on preventive work.
For more specific concepts about varieties of roofs for private homes pitched forms will be appropriate to study this information, which provides data not only about the basic types of roofs and their advantages Yes disadvantages.
Let Your house will be safe and cozy fortress, and the correct choice of roof will continue its existence, to protect it from the weather and any mechanical damage.