Laminate is very popular flooring that has good performance characteristics such as durability, practicality, durability. The material is quite simple in styling, which, with care and accuracy, can handle even the untrained professional man. With a huge selection of colors, patterns and surface textures, laminatboden cost.
However, in order to beautifully put laminate flooring in the room should know some details, which include and the direction of installation of material.
The choice of texture, pattern and color of laminate is a matter of taste, and tastes differ. Moreover, designers have long ceased to be the inviolable truth of the assertion that the floor should be darker than the walls.
In the repair room should pay attention to the possibility that the walls and laminate floor is one color, but different shades. This solution visually increases room.
Actually, and producers and sellers simply more profitable to promote commercial laminate flooring as a more expensive. Six years of guaranteed operation of the laminate 23 class in any room of the apartment is a little?! Cover 23 class has two kinds of compounds: adhesive and the castle, so that you can choose. Selling only to find it difficult.
Before starting work you need to check the surface condition of the grounds on which yldimethylamine. Requirements for the base are reduced to three points:
- To be smooth.
- Be strong.
- To be dry.
When checking rail allowable difference in height is 2 mm. Usually used for measuring the level of construction, the length of which is 2 m.
Laying laminate flooring is on concrete or wood floors, plywood. As the base can ispolzovatsya-plate.
Before installation, conduct an audit of the wooden floor. Be sure to eliminate squeaks by fixing the in these places the floor boards to the joists. Replacement of boards and lag made if necessary. Hardwood floors can undergo a scraping machine that will ensure a smooth surface.
Cracks are sealed with putty for wood.For alignment of wooden floor is often used plywood. To create a secure base sheets of plywood are stacked so that the four stitches at one point did not converge. For this the leaves are cut with a different configuration. Between sheets of plywood when laying there should be a distance of about 10 mm.
Check the level of the screed is performed using a construction laser level, and inspect the coupler for cracks and concrete SAG. Napravyat grinding or shot down. Deep cracks embroidered and embedded solution. In large fluctuations in the height (within 20 mm) for leveling screed self-leveling floor is used. The mixture is poured on a concrete surface screed, level, and then rolled with the spiked roller for removing a mixture of air bubbles.
Material in packages shall be entered in the room, which will be laying. Within 2 days, he must adapt to the temperature and humidity. Open the packaging immediately before starting work.
For the diagonal styling will be enough to reserve 10% of the total area of the room for a direct – 7%. Is determined by the area and divided by the square footage of laminate flooring in one package. The resulting number of packages rounded to the whole number in a big way.
Draw before installation, a floor plan (to scale, with dimensions purchased panels). The plan will help you efficiently to carry out the cutting of the material and to avoid unnecessary costs and errors.
- A hacksaw or electric jigsaw.
- The knife that you open the package.
- Steel bracket (for some masters it is also called a rule). Pressing the clip to the end of the last in a series of panels, and by striking «the box» mallet, the panel is put in place. Hands it is very difficult to do.
- Wedges. You can buy or make with their hands. Wedges will help to keep the desired distance (10-15 mm)between the laminate and walls.
- A tape measure, square and pencil.
Mallet and a block for the padding of the panels needed for installation cover with Lock-lock.
There are several options. Laying diagonally and «Christmas tree» will require much more time and material consumption will be more. Diagonal installation visually expands the area. It is believed that this method of installation opens up all the beauty of the floor.
In parallel, the laminate is laid in narrow spaces. This method helps to visually expand the narrow room.
If the subfloor is an old hardwood floor, it is necessary to consider the laying direction of floorboards. To reduce possible deflection of the structure a coating on a wooden floor is laid perpendicular to the battens.
If the old wooden floors, lined with plywood, the installation is better done the traditional way – perpendicular to the wall with the window.
First laid substrate. There are different types of substrates. Their properties depend on the material from which they are made. They differ in the price:
- Environmentally friendly and one of the best properties is considered to be the substrate of natural cork. It is the most expensive.
- Bitumen-cork underlay is manufactured from bitumen sheets and particles of natural cork. This substrate combines the waterproofing properties of bitumen and the quality of the cork substrate.
- Affordable high quality foam underlay which have a high durability.
- The most common and affordable option considered plastic substrate.
Despite what some manufacturers claim the ability of the substrate to level irregularities in the substrate under the laminate, it is a serious exaggeration. The task of the substrate is to create an additional sound-, hydro – and thermal insulation layer under the material. Minimal elevation changes, the substrate can compensate, but not to level the floor with serious elevation changes.
The work begins with ustanovki the perimeter of the room bounding the wedges. They need to keep the gap for the expansion joint.Installation starts from the left far corner of the room and is conducted toward the window. Panel of the first row are placed so that the crest was facing the wall. Connect the end side of the panels. Latest in a series of panel size is cut and stacked.
The second row of panels assembled and joined to the first. Panels with a locking connection Lockтребуется tap with a mallet. The attack on the bar, pressed to the panel for a tight entry of the tongue into the groove.
Panel with a locking соединениемClickприкладываются kuzhe laid at an angle of 45°, down and locks into place with a characteristic sound. Coating Click-lock you can disassemble and reassemble 3-4 times.
Usually in a room you cannot put a whole number of panels. So often, the last row has to dissolve. It may happen that the size of the room will dictate the width of the last row in the 50-70 mm. Different width panels of the first and last rows will look very ugly. For this you need a plan of the room. In this case it is necessary to cut panels in both rows. More work, but the appearance of the floor will be a lot better. Don’t worry if the cut will not be perfectly smooth – it will still be hidden by the baseboard.
After installation, cover the wedges need to pull out. You can then start installing the floor.
If the room does not have any features (the room is very narrow, the window is off-center), the long side usually placed along the flow of light (perpendicular to the window.In this case not be so noticeable seams between the panels. In addition, this method of styling is visually increase the length of the room.
Diagonal laying is used to setallowedareas of the room. With the same purpose you can use unladkabayan window.