- That gives a diagonal laying?
- The consumption of material when laying on the diagonal
- Preparation for laying
- Two schemes diagonal styling
The installation of one of the most popular types of flooring – laminate, became available to many consumers by improving the system interlocks. If the first laminate before installation it was necessary to miss the mark with glue, coating with Lock-locks demanded skillful handling with the mallet for the joining of the panels, the locks Click, 5g, Megalock made the process quite simple.
However, even with modern interlocks installation of laminate flooring requires accuracy, care, patience and accurate calculation, without which you will make large waste of material. Usually the laminate is laid perpendicular to the light source (window) so that the rays of light was along the long side. This method of installation makes the seams between the panels is hardly noticeable.
Across the room (parallel to light source – window) laminate placed in small rooms to make the room visually expand. Across placed also in narrow corridors and small hallways.
In addition to direct methods of stacking, is also used «herringbone» and diagonal installation of laminate flooring. On the diagonal the way we talk today.
Laying this way more difficult than straight requires more time, effort, accurate calculation and a larger amount of material. Panels in the ground near to the walls of the room you will need in the ends of the trim at an angle. However, properly executed diagonal styling has undeniable advantages:
- Room visually expands. This is especially true for small apartments.
- Masked the asymmetry of the walls. Video laying the lack of room geometry will emphasize, even bulging, and diagonal – will make it virtually invisible.
- This way to the maximum extent highlights the beauty of the floor.
- The diagonal method is used in rooms where the window is shifted to one of the walls. In this case, the diagonal installation would be preferable stacking perpendicular to the light source.
Laminate flooring for laying on the diagonal will have to buy stock. Tips on stock size are various, up to 20%. This «the Council» Frank seems to be reassurance, and besides producing the laminate for it anybody «thank you» I will not say. It can be assumed that the novice will not be able to complete the installation with a minimum of waste, which with a pride in their work show a master in posted online videos. They do 5 to 7% and some even less. But a newcomer will be able to fit in a 10 percent stock material.
To calculate the required amount just. The area of the room multiply by 1.1. The packaging States the total area in the panels. We divide the resulting area of the room with a 10 percent reserve in the area of the panels in one pack and rounded to a whole number in a big way. Here the number of packages that you want to buy.
Surface preparation of the base at a diagonal laying laminate does not differ from similar work in other ways. The substrate must be smooth, durable, stable, and dry. Elevation changes are allowed within 2 mm when measured a 2-meter rack (as Reiki is convenient to use a level). Styling can be done on sand-cement screed, wooden floor, plywood, OSB-boards, linoleum.
Hardwood floors before installation of laminate check, if necessary replace the Board, get rid of scratches and irregularities.
The coupler check level, if necessary, grind the burrs, deep cracks embroidered and is filled cement-sandy solution. If the height difference reaches 10-20 mm screed level self-leveling mortar (epoxy floors). To remove air bubbles, the floor is rolled with spiked roller.
Before installation, the screed treated with primer deep penetration. Necessarily as waterproofing prior to installation of the laminate is placed plastic film.
The linoleum shall be firmly attached to the floor and does not have serious defects. Sheets of plywood under the laminate should be placed vrazbezhku so that at one point did not converge 4 seam. Plywood laid with the distance between the leaves about 10 mm.
Under the laminate is placed a coil or sheet substrate: cork, retinoblastoma, bitumen-cork, foil, vented Tuplex underlay, polyurethane or polyethylene already mentioned. The choice of substrate depends on your opportunities and challenges that the substrate must decide.
The packaging material are entered into the room, where it will undergo installation and allowed to adjust to temperature and humidity for about 2 days. The package thus no need to pick.
Highly recommended before beginning work, draw a floor plan to scale with the size of the purchased laminate panels. With the help of drawing even a beginner in the installation will be able to avoid many mistakes in cutting the material.
There are two ways of laying laminate flooring diagonally from the Central axis of the room sequentially in both directions to the corners or from the far corner of the room through the center of the room to the opposite corner.
To work need:
- A jigsaw or handsaw.
- Knife for opening packages.
- Steel bracket with which you will be able to fit the end of the last panel in the row. Without brackets it will be very difficult.
- Plastic wedges. They need to keep the distance between panels and walls.
- Mallet and die (for lock Lock).
For diagonal laying is customary to proceed from the angle of 45° – this angle will allow the installation to use almost all of the sawn-off pieces of laminate. Waste will be much less. However, there are cases when the configuration of the room will determine the other angle. Note that the angle less than 30° will look bad. Permissible sizes of the angles range from 30 to 45°.
In any method of styling work begins with the installation of along the perimeter of the room, plastic wedges, which will remind about the necessary distance between floor and walls.
First Central diagonal axis of the room going to the first row of the entire panel. The length of the two last pieces of laminate which are adjacent in the same row to the opposite wall, measured from the end of the last whole panel to a plastic wedge. The remaining segments remain, they will fit on the other side of the range, and will not need to cut the whole panel.
When the Central row is stowed, it the installation proceeds first towards one corner, then another. Assistant work can be carried out simultaneously in two directions.
For laying laminate in the external corners will need to mark on the panel three or more points. Convenient to make the template and it will have to cut the panel down to size. For a template perfectly suitable piece of cardboard packaging laminate. Or covering can be laid on a tangent to this outer corner.
After installation, clean plastic wedges and the wall mounted plinth. Remember that laminate is a «floating floor» and it is not hard to fix. Another tip. Spoon remaining after cutting the pieces and try to use them. Then you even 10% of the stock will seem excessive.
Laying the corner it is recommended to start with one whole panel. Both of its end sides are cut at the selected angle. First a panel (we believe it all, she had only trimmed the ends) will set the direction over the floor.
Further, the stacking is continued towards the center of the room. The remaining angle while on leave, will return to it later using the remaining pieces of laminate.
For laminate flooring around pipes panel is cut at an angle in place of the passage of the pipes, it made a drill bit that cuts the size of the pipes. Even easier to make the cutouts at the junction of two panels.
Laying next series begins alternately with a whole or half panels if the floor covering is laid in a checkerboard pattern. When laying with displacement of one-third of the Board, the number begins with the whole Board, the next Board in 2/3 length, then the number of panels in 1/3 length. Then again, the number of start with the whole panel. Both ways will not only make your cover neat and beautiful, but also increase its strength.
You should be very careful and follow the direction of tongue and groove in the series and in the panel you want to cut. As said by the famous character beloved Comedy: «No need to hurry!». However, there it was on the return to society full member, and here – about «destiny» one panel.
When extreme cut pieces for the next row all already assembled a number extracted from the connection with adjacent, fully assembled, and only then, fixed permanently in the castle. For laying a long line of need help assistant.
For cutting panels, designed for laying in the inner corners of the room, you will need to note three points of a triangle. Convenient to make the template and it has already cut off a panel. For a template perfectly suitable piece of cardboard packaging laminate.
Laying laminate diagonally requires patience, care, neatness and accurate execution of the intended drawing on the work plan. This method of installation will require more time, but, as they say, «it’s worth it». The result will be to please you for a very long time.