Coating materials

How to choose paint for the exterior

Each person is unique and want to reflect your personality in the appearance of their homes. Help make this well-chosen exterior paint.

How to choose paint for the exterior

After all, high quality and tastefully painted facade gives the building a unique appearance. The modern market offers a huge range of building paints and this applies not only to a wide range of shades, which could be envied by the artist, but also their composition and technical characteristics. This article will tell you how not to get lost in a modern variety of colors for the exterior and choose the one that suits you.

A variety of coatings for exterior use ↑

How to choose paint for the exterior

When choosing exterior paint, you must pay attention to its decorative, maintenance and specifications.

Decorative features:

  1. Tinting – ability to create desired shades by adding white base different colors.
  2. Reflectivity – the possibility of light reflection. Based on the characteristics of the paint are divided into matte and glossy. Glossy coating look more effectively and create a more durable protective layer. But it is even the most minor flaws immediately apparent, the lack of glossy coating is that it is not breathable, causing under it, condensation can form.
  3. Painting properties – ease of application and leveling.

Performance characteristics:

  1. Water vapor permeability – the possibility of transmission of a couple, the higher the figure, the less likely condensation, which adversely affects the painted base.
  2. Weathering – resistance to adverse environmental conditions.
  3. The light fastness of the composition – resistance to ultraviolet radiation, the lower the resistance, the faster the colors will lose their brightness. In glossy coatings lightfastness is better than matte.

Specs are:

  1. Adhesion – the level of adhesion of coating materials to the surface.
  2. Paint consumption.
  3. The drying time of the layer.

Principal facade paints ↑

Silicate ↑

This type of paint is used for painting surfaces made of concrete and brick, and facades that contain in its composition the lime. The basis of this type is a silicate adhesive or liquid glass. The advantages include resistance to ultraviolet light, a variety of damage, pollution, and long service life.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Oil ↑

This kind of coverage are based on drying oils, with the addition of a coloring pigment and protective components. Today, it is rarely used for exterior work, as its specifications are quite far behind more modern paint materials..

How to choose paint for the exterior

Latex ↑

Latex paint and universal regarding their use, i.e. they can be used for both internal and exterior types of work. It is made water-based coating. Is characterized by excellent adhesive properties, resistance to contamination and abrasion.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Acrylic ↑

Are the most popular type of coatings for outdoor use. Perfectly protect painted surfaces and provide excellent resistance to any negative environmental effects. It is quite easy to apply, have reasonable price and long service life. Most of them are based on water, but there are also analogues based on organic solvents.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Textured ↑

These paints create a decorative embossed effect on the surface. They are composed of a variety of fillers and can be used on concrete, brick, wood, plaster, does not require prior preparation of the surface before painting. They can even be used on surfaces with cracks and chips.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Features of use of coatings on various grounds ↑

To make the painted facade long retained its original appearance, you need to pick up paint, given the material to which it is applied. The table below shows the compliance for exterior paints and grounds.

How to choose paint for the exterior

The Council! To the facade was long kept clean you can use a self-cleaning paint. They are based on silicone and silicate pigments are processed with silicone polymers. The greater the number of resins they contain, the easier it will be to clean the surface. Coated with this coating facades also are easy to clean using a brush and water.

Exterior paint for stucco ↑

Use exterior paint on the plaster allows you to save and even improve the performance properties of this Foundation. Usually for painting plaster use silicate, silicone or acrylic coatings, which are based on water. They have no unpleasant smell. A protective layer formed they leave the pores of the plaster exposed, thereby providing unobstructed drainage of any moisture. Besides these coatings of painted plaster protected from the adverse atmospheric phenomena, the formation of mildew, the appearance of small cracks. A coat of paint provides protection to the painted facade for more than ten years.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Exterior paint for concrete ↑

For staining concrete surfaces is most often used with latex based acrylic paint. They are able to provide surface protection from temperature fluctuations, contribute to the healing of microcracks, thereby maintaining the structure of the concrete surface over a long period of use.

For colouring concrete can be used water-soluble paint, based on acrylic resins and copolymers. Before applying the painted wall is covered with acrylic primer. To create a reliable protective layer which will protect the surface for a period of more than twenty years, these coatings are recommended to apply in two layers.

Exterior paint for concrete helps protect it from mechanical and chemical influences, and are characterized by high weather resistance and water resistance.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Exterior paint for wooden surfaces ↑

For wooden fronts typically use oil paints, which contain in their composition of pigments, as well as protective and astringent components. The main advantage is the low price.

Another type of paints used for coating wood grounds, are alkyd based, which have the following advantages:

  • quick drying the applied layer;
  • long service life;
  • resistance to low temperatures.

In recent years, increasingly for colouring of wooden facades used acrylic paints, which are environmentally friendly and have excellent durability.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Exterior paint for masonry surfaces ↑

Coatings used for painting brick facades should have high adhesion and breathability, and also to protect the bricks from rain and ultraviolet radiation. All these conditions correspond to the silicate paint, which in most cases is used for painting of brick surfaces.

It is important! Laying brick is by using mortar, which in most cases contain in its composition alkali, burning wrong covering. Therefore, when choosing paint for painting brick facades it is necessary to clarify the level of resistance to the alkaline environment.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Exterior paint for metal surfaces ↑

Coatings for painting metal surfaces should not only give an attractive appearance, but also to protect the metal from corrosion and moisture, and also improve the heat resistance and refractoriness. So, for example, alkyd and oil coatings are able to withstand temperatures up to 80 °C, acrylic, epoxy and some alkyd – up to 120 °C, polyurethane – up to 150 °C, epoxy-bitumen up to 400 °C and paint with the base silicone resin up to 600 °C.

How to choose paint for the exterior

For painting of metal facade can be used oil paint, but she does not withstand long exposure to moisture, so currently its use began to decline.

Quite often for the metal used acrylic paint, which allows the painted surface «breathe». But this kind of coverage can not stand low temperatures, so quickly lose its original appearance.

Another type of outdoor paint suitable for painting metal is alkyd, which brings great negative impact to the environment, has high adhesion, and also gives a nice glossy Shine to the painted surface. The disadvantage is its high toxicity, therefore, when it is applied it is necessary to observe precautions.

?Warning! Do not use universal coating, suitable for painting all kinds of surfaces, since they have a relatively short lifetime and low performance. Selecting the paint material, which is designed for staining concrete base will save you time and money.

The most popular manufacturers of coatings ↑

Currently domestic producers of exterior paints are gaining more and more popularity, due to the fact that the quality of their products is not inferior to foreign analogues, while the price of domestic coverage is more affordable.

How to choose paint for the exterior

Consider the features of exterior paints most popular manufacturers.

  • Tikkurila the produced paint materials, fully meet European standards. They have high abrasion resistance and long service life.
  • Teks – coating materials of this company are resistant to the impact of such adverse factors as dirt, water, atmospheric phenomena, bacteria, alkaline exposure.
  • Tserezit – prevent the occurrence of such troubles as mold, fungi, algae. Suitable for external and internal works.
  • Alpina – waterproof paint, characterized by excellent adhesion and a long service life (over 20 years).
  • Caparol wear – resistant, durable coating, designed for application on plaster and mineral substrate.
  • Expert – ideal for difficult climatic conditions coverage, as it brings great exposure to all types of precipitation.
  • Lakra – as the previous coating, this paint is resistant to atmospheric agents. Used for both external and internal work.
  • Halo – paint suitable for painting of brick, wood and concrete surfaces.

Below is presented a video devoted to the choice of coatings:

Correctly chosen exterior paint combined with a well prepared surface will help you avoid emergency restoration works, which in turn will save not only your money but also your precious time. A successful repair!

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