- How to prepare for the construction of the gazebo
- Creating a foundation
- Construction of the base
- The construction design of the bottom
- roof Construction
- Interior decoration gazebo
During the construction of a country house anyoneIt tends to make it not only beautiful, but also comfortable. To infield was more comfortable, many people are often equip garden pavilions with their own hands, which are perfect for relaxing on warm summer evenings.
Build a pergola with their hands can anya man who at least slightly versed in construction. First we need to choose a suitable location for the gazebo and carefully prepare the site for future development. After laying the foundation should consider the design of the frame, which is selected based on the basic building material. Next erected walls of the gazebo (if it is closed) or a fence (if it is open).
A further step is the formation of the roof,for which you can use a variety of materials, from the reeds to polycarbonate. At the end it is to make internal design pergolas, which must be combined with its overall style.
First of all, you need to define clearly the same time, what will be the gazebo. Open or closed, large or small, round or rectangular, wooden or brick, and other issues.
To advance to minimize unnecessary troubles,it is recommended to make a timely drawing buildings, to calculate consumption of materials and get them in the right quantity, to prepare all the necessary tools to clear the land for construction of garbage and weeds. In addition, it is required to make the layout area, taking into account the availability of free space around the future construction for the workers. It is also necessary to cut off the upper part of the soil, thus under-floor gazebos will not be the accumulation of excess moisture, and lastly, to process all the wooden parts of the structure Weatherproof and antiseptic solutions.
Before you build the foundation for your pergolahands, you need to determine the type of soil on which the building is erected. In that case, if low water table, installation of support can be carried out at a depth of 50 centimeters, flooding basis continuous casting. To do this, dig a ditch, strengthening its valves if necessary (metal rods or corners). Then, on the bottom of the hole is laid rubble, stones, broken bricks and other construction debris. Thereafter, the resulting structure is filled with concrete, and its surface should be strictly horizontal. Over the next three days, the concrete must harden and dry.
On clayey areas and the presence of submarinessources located at a short distance from the surface of the earth, to do this type of foundation is undesirable, as it can not last for long. Another disadvantage of clay is that uneven freezing peculiar to him. In such situations, it is recommended to give preference to the gazebo on the pillars.
To build a foundation for the gazebo beforeall necessary size of the territory, and to put the pegs to pull the rope. Followed dig holes, one of which must be located in the center of the construction, and the rest at the corners. Dimensions recesses are selected in accordance with the pillars of the parameters, for example, for the post of 100x100 mm is enough to deepen with a side of 150 mm. To pillars stood as long as possible, the lower part of their recommended process tar, bitumen or antiseptic. After this pit backfilled with gravel, which is carefully tamped. Poles must be placed vertically, which can be used for building level, which will allow to verify their location. Then fill the hole with concrete solution, which dries out over the next three to four days.
The next stage is a rail. In those places where the bars intersect tree is removed, and the parts are interconnected by means of screws (preferably ones that are specially designed for working with wood).
During the construction of the base of the gazebo is recommendeduse pieces of wood, which makes the job much easier and therefore faster. Primarily, the base attached to the vertical supports, to which further items remaining stack (of which size should be between 100x100). Gender is desirable to lift a little, so it will not get wet in the rain, remaining due to this dry and warm.
Paul can equip at ground level, butStill it is recommended to lift it a little bit. To do this, equip the base with an additional screed: between the supports and the central points of the opposite sides of stacked bars. During flooring used smooth planks that fit together tightly as possible. If the gazebo is raised, the required level, which can be used for edging material. If you do not want to lift the building, its foundation is built using paving stones or concrete.
With a wooden gazebo perfectly matchgabled and hipped roof types. To create the foundations needed 4 rafters. When you create a gable roof rafters connect horizontal cross members in such a way that the resulting design is reminiscent of beech "A". When constructing a hipped roof to detail, laid on the angles, add additional elements that go in the direction of the center. If you do not want to deal with the construction of these types of roofs, you can make one-sided roof (canopy), which is considered the most simple construction.
As a decoration of the roof of our great gazebossuitable roofing tiles or stone. Their costs would be higher than, for example, slate or sheet metal, but also benefits from this material much more. Tiles easier to style, color range can impress anyone. The only thing that is worth noting is the fact that the interior design side is not very attractive, so it is recommended that in addition to upholster other material (for example, lining).
Of slots that are formed during insertwindow frames and architraves arrangement, it is possible to get rid of using the foam. For the walls can be used wooden battens, plaster, drywall sheets, wallpaper or paint.
The wooden floor, which already looks very nice, you can simply varnished. To add a wooden pergola design can be using wicker garden furniture.
Now on sale, you can find a hugethe number of pavilions made of wood, plastic and iron. However, if the facility is being built in its own project, people often choose as the main building material polycarbonate.
Polycarbonate has many advantages, among which are the following:
- Pavilions of polycarbonate with their hands are characterized by an affordable cost, attractive appearance, ease of installation and durability, which can only be compared with the metal.
- Products made of polycarbonate can skipcertain amount of light, so always be room light. Thus it will be securely protected from nepogodnyh conditions, including exposure to ultraviolet rays.
- The material flexible enough that it makes the process more convenient installation. It will not rust or rot.
- Given its smooth and flat surface, difficulty in cleaning snow accumulated on the roof in the winter, will not arise.
- One of the most attractive advantages of polycarbonate pergola is the variety of colors of the material, which allows to create very beautiful and unusual building.
Before starting work, you must:
- Prepare a detailed project of the future gazebos.
- Decide on the material that will be used for the construction of the supporting pillars and roof rafters.
One of the most cost materials aretimber supports, however, they eventually lose their attractive appearance. To avoid this, it is sure to periodically wood processing protective equipment. Furthermore, as supports arbor often use metal tubes or profiles. They almost do not need to care, at the same time have a large margin of safety.
Once the appropriate type of frame is selected,land for construction of the gazebo should be marked. Then in the pits set of poles, wires and cement alignment bay. If the base structure will be concrete pad, then it is poured simultaneously with the installation of poles, whereby the structure becomes stronger.
For joining metal bracket (ifused) used welding or simple nuts and bolts for which pre-drilled holes in the support. After complete assembly of the frame, you can begin to work with the very polycarbonate.
Before the start of the material necessary to prepare: identify the right size pieces and cut it. To the appearance of the gazebo was more interesting, you can use a combination of different colors, creating one unusual ornaments. Polycarbonate sheets are marked with a pencil and then cut with a saw blade, cutter or jigsaw. In those places where the leaf is connected to the metal substrate are kindly requested to outline the hole (it will help in the future to save a lot of time).
The next step will be the installation ofpolycarbonate parts gazebo. Fastening elements is most conveniently carried out by means of screws for metal, under which should put a washer and rubber gasket (thanks to the screws will not be able to break through the fabric). Plastic parts is recommended to combine overlapping, since the butt joints in the gap will get excess water. To obtain an unusual design, the walls of the hole can be a simple cut curved knife. They will get the sunlight, which will make the facility more sunny and bright.
Besides screws for perfectSpecial trims, in whose grooves can be securely attach the web of material. If insufficient grooved fasteners, structures are added around the perimeter sealant, an adhesive, thereby enhancing design. Installation of polycarbonate is best done not in isolation, but with the assistant as their own bend and fasten the material is hard enough.
You can then take the arborelectricity. It should immediately be noted that all of the work associated with the installation of the wiring, it is necessary to carry out the final finishing of the room. In addition, it is necessary to recall that the tree burns easily, so it should be impregnated with special protective equipment for greater safety.
At the end of the arbor are planted around the curlingplant pots are arranged with flowers and paving stones from the track. The various elements of decor such as curtains or toys will make gazebo more habitable and comfortable.