- Wooden plinth
- From what kind of wood the plinth is made
- The sizes and properties
- Features of the unit
- Skirting in PVC
- The sizes and properties
- Features of installation
- Polyurethane moldings
- How to install polyurethane profile
- Aluminium plinth
- Varieties and sizes
- Features of the unit aluminum profile
- Plinth in stainless steel (stainless steel)
- The plinth of MDF
- Features of the unit
- As a conclusion
Skirting is a decorative profile that is installed in the room at the convergence of the flooring and walls, both horizontal and vertical surfaces. Shape, design and material of the decorative profile can be very different, however any type of floor the main functions are as follows:
- The decoration of the floor covering. This feature is the main. The profile should give the floor covering a beautiful and finished appearance. Profile while can itself act as a decorative element in the interior.
- Disguise the place of convergence of the floor and walls of a room, especially an expansion joint required for flooring from laminate and wood.
- In providing the concealed wiring.
Traditionally, the decorative profile is made of wood, which, despite the competition, retains its position in the market.
Conifers (pine, spruce, larch, fir) have greater water resistance and are not subject to deformation when the humidity in the room. These breeds are easy to handle.
More «noble» considered solid hardwoods such as oak, maple and hornbeam. However, they are rather difficult to process and have a significant disadvantage – dry air leads to the appearance of cracks on the product.
Nice profiles of soft hardwoods (cherry, walnut, Linden), but they «contraindicated» high humidity.
In sale are also products made from exotic wood. You can mention rosewood, wenge, merbau, IPE and Jatoba.
A separate group – veneer profile. As the basis it used in its manufacture cheap wood (usually pine) , which is then covered with veneer expensive breeds of trees. Veneer protecting layer of lacquer or melamine. This product has reasonable cost, has a high moisture resistance and beautiful appearance.
Usually the rod length is 2.0 to 3.0 meters. This length is convenient for transportation and work. The height of a wooden floor can vary from 40 to 150 mm, and under the order produce the products with height up to 300 mm and a length of 6 meters.
Profiles of wood are different:
- Environmental friendliness of the material.
- Long service life.
- High strength.
- High decorative properties.
Veneer skirting is also profitable affordable cost.
Wooden plinth before installing must remain in the room where the installation is planned, at least 48 hours to adapt to the humidity and temperature.
Methods for installing wooden profile:
- For dowels, screws or nails.
- Mounting clips.
Feature set of wooden profiles lies in the fact that they have not produced the hardware for mounting and a strip of the profile trimmed with a hacksaw. To drink was made at the correct angle, use a mitre box. In addition to a mitre box, it requires a hacksaw, drill, hammer, tape measure, square. The method of installation depends on the need for mounting clips, fasteners or glue.
Reiki in the corners is usually also connected at an angle of 45°. However, you must first check the corners in the room and if necessary make adjustments.
Experts recommend installing a baseboard up to a height of 50-60 mm with finishing nails with small heads, and higher to mount the dowel-screws. First, the rail is drilled through a thin drill, then screwed the dowel-screw.
Hats dowels, screws mask decorative caps or wax.
Secretive mounting clips used to install the Euro-veneer the plinth, or the plinth. Such products on the back side has grooves. Clips are mounted on the perimeter of the room in increments of 300-500 mm, it is necessary to control the presence of all clips on the same line. Profile wear on the clip and snap it in.
To set the profile using the mounting clips can only smooth walls in the room. If there is a curvature of the surface of the walls, it is better to use another installation method.
Installation of wooden profile on liquid nails or glue is used less frequently. The adhesive is applied on the back side and the product pressed to the wall. To glue better to the wall and not the Wallpaper. For this purpose the bottom edge of the Wallpaper are cut.
The most common type of plinth plastic (PVC). It’s versatile and affordable the profile. Two main varieties – flexible plastic with cable channels and solid.
Structurally, the first type of PVC floor consists of the main part with cable channel for cables and decorative trims, which closes the cable channel.
Second (whole) – more rigid. It has on the back side of the grooves to lay the wires.
- Low weight.
- Flexible slats, which gives the opportunity to push the product to uneven wall.
- Resistant to UV light.
- Moisture resistance.
- Easy installation.
- Easy maintenance during operation.
- A huge variety of colors and surface textures.
Manufacturers produce plastic profiles accessories, which allows you to easily install items: connection pieces for the two rails, the side stub (the left and right come in a pair) and external and internal corners. Package plinth it is not included, must be purchased separately and in advance is necessary to estimate their number. The baseboard in the corners, the joints and the stub is inserted into 3-5 mm, so the corners are cut flush with the wall.
Install a plastic plinth in two ways: on hidden clips or dowel-screws.
From the tool will need a drill (for stone and concrete walls), screwdriver, hacksaw, tape measure and pencil.
Before installation checks the shade of each Reiki even in the same package, shades may vary. Reiki a darker shade is recommended to install in front of the light source, the difference was not noticeable.
Mounting clips are installed on the perimeter of the room using 400 to 500 mm and are fixed to the wall dowel-screws. Clips must be installed on one line, then the profile of the snaps. This method should only be used in rooms with smooth walls.
The easiest and most common way to install a plastic profile fastener to the wall using dowels, screws. To this end, the plinth is drilled through holes through each 300-500 mm. In profile with cable channel mounting location will be enclosed with a decorative strap, in whole skirting it hide the cap in the color of the product.
Experts recommend to glue the joints between the slats and corners, because during cleaning they have a habit of «to fly» of a MOP or vacuum cleaner.
The mechanical properties of polyurethane moldings based on properties and combinations of its constituent polymers. It is possible to allocate rigid polyurethane profile and flexible (Flex).
In addition to resistance to mechanical damage and moisture resistance, the profile of polyurethane is distinguished by low weight, easy installation and maintenance. Polyurethane moldings can be used in all rooms of the apartment.
Polyurethane profiles are available painted or prepared for painting.
The cost of polyurethane products is higher than that of PVC profiles. This is justified in their best decorative and performance properties.
Recently appeared on the market of the plinth (and other products) from dyuropolimera. It is produced from foam polystyrene at high pressure. Products dyuropolimera distinguished by a special strength – they are not afraid of mechanical damage. Available and flexible duropolymer plinth.
Flexible moldings made of polyurethane (Flex) is made with the addition of a polyurethane rubber. Said earlier «rubber boy», noting extraordinary flexibility. And Flex profile provides bending products within a radius of 0.5 m. Each product of polyurethane in the producer line is repeated by the product Flex.
Skirting from polyurethane when installing in the corners need to be cut with a hacksaw – hardware not available to him. So, in addition to a hacksaw on metal, tape measures, a square, a sealant gun, will need a mitre box.
The work is recommended to start from the corner of the room. First checked square corners in the room. Usually skirting is cut at a 45° angle. Precision docking of the two rails must be checked before installation.
The adhesive is applied in two strips, so that when clicked it fills the entire backside of the rail. To better push the product to the wall, you can attach the furniture with nails, then closing their bonnets sealant.
Flexibility polyurethane floor allows you to tightly squeeze it to the uneven surface of the wall. The wiring of the articles of polyurethane on the back side have the grooves.
You can select the following types of aluminum moldings:
- The anodized aluminum profiles.
- The profiles of wood or plywood, lined with aluminum anodized).
- ·Aluminium profiles, coated with PVC film.
- Aluminium profiles MINI. They are mounted flush with the wall of the Central part of the profile is filled with any suitable to the interior material.
Aluminum profiles are available with cable channel and without it. According to the method of installation varies with self-adhesive aluminium skirting (remove the protective tape and the profile is pasted) and mounted on the clip (to the wall with screws mounting clips are fastened, on which a profile dressing).
You should pay attention to an interesting novelty – aluminium plinth with installed led light.
Skirting boards are produced in length from 2 to 4 meters with a different configuration profile. Height ranges from 40 to 100 mm.
Aluminum skirting is different:
- Abrasion resistance and durability.
- Resistance to temperature fluctuations and aggressive chemical substances.
- Moisture resistance.
- Easy installation.
- Very easy to clean.
Manufacturers produce aluminum skirting accessories for installation, similar to accessories for plastic profiles, external and internal angles, side stub (right and left pair supplied), connecting elements. Hardware made of aluminum or durable plastic color skirting.
For self-adhesive skirting is required smooth and cleaned of dust surface.
The installation clips (also called basis), which is made from aluminum or plastic, requires first the installation basics. The base can be mounted with screws or liquid nails. With this mount base without damaging the repair can not be removed.
Installed on the basis of the worn profile and the fingers pressed. To hear the click – skirting installed.
Made from polished or brushed (satin) stainless steel. Produced products with different surface texture.
The standard length is 2.0-2.5 m, height – from 40 to 100 mm from different manufacturers depending on the design of the product. Flat profiles can be laid 1-2 wire, stainless steel plinth with cable channel pave all necessary wires.
Stainless steel products features:
- Strength, reliability, durability.
- Easy installation.
- Aesthetic quality.
By way of installation distinguish self-adhesive skirting and items with snap fastener (guide). This type of floor is equipped with stainless steel fittings: internal and external angles, plugs, connecting elements. First set the direction, they put on the profile.
Stainless steel works well with ceramics, wood, stone, glass. Ideal for an interior design in the style of Hi-Tesila minimalism.
It is important! Today, manufacturers of plinths in stainless steel offer not just rectangular brilliant profile and elegant products with a huge number of variations of the surface texture.
Is made from sawdust that is pre-ground into dust. Vacuum pressing sawdust is added to the binding element – urea resin. The full name of the material – wood-fiber plate medium density (English Medium Dispersion Fibreboard, or MDF). Environmentally friendly material is much cleaner particleboard that uses formaldehyde.
Available in the form of plates on the surface of which is under pressure adheres the decorative layer. This kind of paper impregnated with and coated offset pattern. Simply put, skirting MDF is a laminated product.
The advantages of MDF products include:
- Moisture resistance (due to the layer of melamine).
- Resistance to UV.
- Antistatic properties.
- Affordable price.
- A huge variety of colors and textures of the laminate surface.
A recognized disadvantage of the products.
The standard length of the rail profile made of MDF – 2.4 m, height from 40 to 100 mm.
Installation made of MDF is the glue or to brackets that are mounted to the wall. Glue you can install the product unless there is a need to build or replace a wire for him. The mounting bracket gives you the opportunity to dismantle and re-install the product without damage. Brackets are fixed to the wall dowel-screws with a step of 400-500 mm.
Profiles of MDF are equipped with the hardware, which repeats the configuration of the product: domestic