At the turn of 80-90-ies of the last century, when the country began tectonic shifts and travel abroad became possible without the consent of the party Committee, the district Committee and higher com, after crossing the bus to the border, say, with Finland, something very strongly began to worry and even worry. We needed some time to realize the reason for concern is the absence of fences in our understanding! It was unusual for us. Unusual and left. In Russia how to build fences and continue to build.
Why are we after the purchase of a suburban area first erect the fence? Yes, for marking their territory. Although for this purpose it is enough to plant on the property border shrubs, flowers or place a fence with a height of 50 centimeters. To protect their territory from intrusion and from the prying eyes of these outsiders. Here are growing across the country the fences are cheap and expensive, low and 5-meter (Yes even with a barbed wire three rows on the perimeter), and fences very different. It seems that the love of fences we passed on genetically from generation to generation.
Fences, the owners erected based on its understanding of possible solutions to security issues and, to a lesser extent, styling the house and the interior part of the plot. Often ignoring the nature of the soil in the erection of the fence and the wind load. From the characteristics of the soil depends on the depth and type of Foundation under the pillars erected fence. Significant wind load dictates the necessity of strengthening of the Foundation with the reduction step, the pillars or building a lattice fence.
By design, the fences are solid (blind), or lattice, and consist of load-bearing elements (vertically mounted and fixed in the soil columns with a horizontal spans), and plating. The choice of materials for the cladding are huge – the metal, wood, plastic, stone, brick, concrete.
SNiP 30-02-97 determines that suburban areas deaf can be just that side of the fence that faces the street. The other side is limited to a height of 1.5 meters and can’t be deaf. This requirement is often not fulfilled, but the authorities may fine the offender at any time. Enough to get one of the neighbors filed a complaint.
The most common material is wood. Available and cheap material, which do not require the construction of special knowledge and attraction equipment. A wooden fence protects the area from prying eyes and protects from the wind and noise from the outside. Carefully constructed from wood fencing of the site will have an attractive appearance that goes perfectly with any other materials. For the erection of fencing is used slabs, boards, beams, timber. Looks very original fence from the saw cut of a tree.
The disadvantage is not very long service life and constant need for painting and repair.
The next popular material – metal, mostly the wire-netting and decking. Lining the fence of corrugated Board can be done quickly and relatively easily, the bulk of the work will be associated with the construction of the supporting pillars and installation of the cross struts. It will only remain to attach the corrugated sheet to racks that do not require special training, and the fence is ready. The corrugated sheet protects the site and its owners from intrusion and monitoring by. The height of fencing you can pick up almost any. In addition to the protective function, a corrugated sheet is an excellent sound-reflecting screen. On the market are the corrugated sheets of different colors, so pick up a suitable shade is not difficult. And it is a long time – galvanized will guard your peace for 20 years, with a polymer coating, 10 years or longer. At least.
Plastic (PVC) – material for construction of fences we have not yet become habitual. We «borrowed» the fashion on it from North America. Plastic fences possesses all the advantages, as profiles for Windows, and it is made on similar technology. It is frost-resistant, shock-resistant, does not know the problems with corrosion and rot, does not burn, does not change color under the sunlight, has a low weight. This facilitates its transportation and installation. Fences are made of plastic sections, which can be made on the spot. Manufacturers of paint for plastic enclosures in a variety of colors. Another advantage of plastic – the ready for use immediately after installation. Unlike wooden or metal fence requires it to anything processing. The disadvantages include relatively high cost. And natural distrust of our fellow citizens to such structures.
In addition to polyvinyl chloride for the manufacture of fencing areas use well-known polycarbonate:
And plastic bottles:
The impression that options making sampling from the population about the same as the recipes of making moonshine kept the unforgettable Ostap Bender. I must admit the design of the fence from plastic bottles is the most economical and one of the most original.
Frame for a wooden fence can be made of wood (logs, lumber), metal, brick. Consider the most common variant with a wooden frame.
Start with markup. At the corners and in the place of installation of support poles (don’t forget about the gate and gate) hammered into the ground pegs and map out the future fence strong cord. In the place of installation of the poles using a drill digging holes.
Some believe sufficient depth of the pit in ¼ the length of the post, but it depends largely on soil characteristics. In any case, the depth of 60 cm is enough. The bottom of the pit paved with gravel layer of about 100 mm and press it and then set the posts.
The posts are set in dug holes with a pitch of 2.5 m and fixed in a vertical position rubble stone or temporary bracing. Check the vertical position of the mast plumb and the building level. Finally, fasten the posts after the fence is fully assembled. Fasten to the posts using the self tapping screws top and bottom horizontal cross-member, using the lumber with the side of 50 or 100mm. Securing the crossmember, begin to install cladding of trim boards. It is recommended to leave between the boards, small gaps of 10-15 mm to preserve the natural air circulation in the area, however this is only a recommendation and you go on your own – the fence can be made deaf. In the case of construction of a blind fence boards, it is desirable to attach overlapping or ladder. This is to ensure that in the event of swelling of the wood under the influence of precipitation the deformation of the structure is not damaged all the trim. You can leave the distance between the sheathing boards and close these places overhead slats.
After the installation of all cladding fixed poles and covered the pit with gravel and tamped it tightly. Pre-check again vertical position of the supporting pillars. Covering boards are covered with primer on wood, after drying two coats of applied enamel. The tops of the pillars close from rain any scrap material.
For the construction of the fence suburban area perfect corrugated sheets galvanized or color-coated (it is more expensive, but the life he is much more). In marking such a corrugated sheet has the letter C (it begins to labelling), followed by the height of the corrugations in millimeters and the width of the sheet. As the skin is usually used corrugated sheet with a width of 1160 mm, the optimum height of the corrugations (waves) is about 21 mm. Thickness of steel shall be not less than 0.5 mm.
The work starts with the layout and identify locations of support columns, gates and wickets. The distance between the poles of 2.5-3.0 meters. Specifies the height of the fence and the calculated number of corrugated sheets.
Under the support poles using a drill is required to dig pits. The depth depends on the height of the fence – this design has a very large sail and with a weak Foundation under wind load can simply fall off. Usually buried in the ground part of the support poles is one third of the total height. In our case, with the height of the fence 2 m us enough to go deep by 0.7 m. as the columns use a square tube with sides of 60x60mm. In the tube the upper part of the brew to prevent the water hole.
The bottom is paved with gravel, the layer thickness is about 200 mm. Set the posts, aligning the vertical and the line between them. Use to control the plumb and level of the building. Drop and fix each post with two rods that are hammered into the ground and welded to the pillar.
Fill the pit with concrete solution, as the filler use the medium gravel fraction. Leave work for 3-4 days – we need to wait until the Foundation is fully cured.
After 3 days check the condition of the Foundation and begin installing the cross members of the profiled pipe 40х25 mm. Measure out the required pipe given the fact that the cross we get to the poles to weld welding. At this height of the fence is 2.0 m, we will need 3 sleepers on each section. Retreat on 300 mm from the top and from the earth, at these points we weld the two cross-members. The third is welded in the middle between them. After welding, carefully cover the crossmember and the support columns rust inhibitor.
The leaves are fastened with screws on the metal via 50 cm mounted Adjacent sheets overlap. Do not worry about scratches that appeared on the leaves during operation. Stock up on a couple of cans of spray paint of the desired color in advance and paint the damaged areas.
Instead of the usual corrugated sheet can be used decorative. Such a corrugated sheet mimics wood, brick or stone masonry. The fence will not differ from those described.
The most popular plastic fences «the fence» and «fence». On sale is a completely solid fences of plastic and options combined, when the top part of the fence are made in fence. With this fence in the area will get more light.
The installation of plastic fence differs little from installation of fences of corrugated Board. There is, however, one subtlety. Plastic fence sections are sold, and the installation of supporting pillars must be carried out strictly through 2.5 meters. This is not a cross member of a profiled pipe, when you can cut a piece to 5 cm long.
Do the layout, note the pegs of the place of installation of pillars, gates and doors. Using a drill deepening of 60-70 cm, installed the support poles and fix them with spacers. Check their vertical position and location on one line. Poles are not concreted at this stage!
For mounting sections on poles in the lower grooves is inserted into the bottom rail with aluminum profile in the middle. The clips should snap. This crossmember is installed section of fence and the top is secured to the upper crossmember. The retainer clip means that this part of the design is collected and recorded. In the same way collect all the remaining sections. Concreted posts after the completion and verification of sections in the horizontal position. Glue special glue the decorative caps on top of the pillars.
The site is surrounded by beautiful and reliable fence, you can do other things. Along some of the fence types (e.g., wire mesh) can be planted climbing plants that will close the form on your site very quickly. Take time and look for options for decorating your fence. The important thing is that now you have something to decorate. Because without a fence we did, it’s not Finland.