What kind of a house without a roof? The most basic element of reliability, durability, thermal insulation and a stylish attractive appearance.
Modern architects and builders have inventeda huge variety of roofs of private homes, depending on the home's location, construction volumes, the overall design of the building and many others.
Today we can safely say that the most popular 2 types of roofs:
- Inclined roof.
The difference between the elementary-dependentsurface angle. When a slope greater than 10 degrees it is a sloping plane, which in turn also have a number of subtypes by rays and destination.
Shed roof surface used more in non-residential premises atarrangement of outbuildings, warehouses and shops, garages, etc. During the construction of such buildings should take into account the structure of a roof, which implies support of roofing material on the main beam of the building, and the walls in this case are flat guides. Here's an example of such a structure.
gable roof the most in demand in the private construction. The model consists of two equal slopes, which are based on the load-bearing walls of the same height. Most of these roofs resemble the figure of a triangle, they are used for many years in the construction and merit worthy of attention and respect.
Once the roof surface has several triangular rays, then we can talk about hip structure. It has a complex truss system, its design most trusted professionals. Such roofs are more resistant to strong winds and leaks during heavy rain.
The design has 4 ramp resembles a trapezoid, and the angular forms of appearance are small triangles are called hips.
During natural disasters such surface often remains clean and intact, dust and debris quickly blown away with its slopes.
One of the types of roofs for private houses - this tent, designed for square and polygonal structures. All rays are equal triangles that meet at one point.
The hipped roof of the horse is missing, it is completely symmetrical.
Such planes have wind resistance and are an interesting design solution.
There is poluvalmovaya roof asan intermediate option between the gambrel and gable. Such roofs allow architects to place on the rear wall area full screen, such a construction is very interesting and quite complicated for the layman.
We turn to another interesting building - mnogoschiptsovaya roof. This type has a complex truss system, so deal with its structure should be highly qualified.
sloping ceilings It is used to cover the loft-style home. Special kink angles of rays allows the use of the usable area of the internal space of the attic.
This roof is not very different from the conventional gable, and therefore particularly difficult to structure it does not exist.
For those who wish to create another room in the attic, then this type of roof of a house should look.
Dome and conical roof used in construction are very rare, suchStructures can be noted in the ancient centuries-old buildings, the ancestors left us interesting architectural solutions that surprise with their amazing elementami- porches and turrets.
Less common in modern construction - flat roofs, it is based on one skate, with virtually invisible slope.
It is difficult to sustain so many roofs rainfall, snow and rain, because if they do, then reinforce with concrete slabs and metal structures.
These types of roofs, we often see in American TV shows when on the surface of the house, you can get a marvelous conservatory or create a sitting area.
There are still combined roof quite complex shapes and structures. These include numerous species of stingrays, gable, hipped, roof, hipped.
This building can be open and enclosed porch, covered balconies, interesting window solutions, anything that attracts attention for its unusual and original design.
If we talk about the pitched roof, which is quite common in the construction everyday life, it is worth noting the main benefits:
- It is a reliable and heavy-duty construction, which protects the housing from the effects of natural disasters;
- Used for many years, depending on the choice of the construction material;
- It has an attractive appearance that will fit into any site design and whether the building itself;
- Under the roof you can make additional room, attic or loft.
- High prices and high prices for construction materials;
- The difficulty of repair in use.
But despite all that, this roof will protect your family from the blast of wind, torrential Ducal and heavy snow, which is not the flat design.
This roof is in the process of construction of residential private home is almost never used.
The reason is that during the precipitation the roof is able to withstand heavy snow drifts and water flows. Causing it to crack and gives sags.
Such a construction of more than useful for those planning to make the top of the house a terrace, a swimming pool or a recreation room.
- Attic divided from the main room:
- Bezcherdachnaya, combined with the basic premise:
- Ventilated atmospheric air;
- Non ventilated.
To date, pent structure accordingconsidered the most popular and attractive from the material costs. Such a roof is most often installed in the temporary shelters or lodges.
What it attracts today's consumers?
The main advantage is that pentroof can only be ventilated. During the building assumed the presence of special holes in the walls of the crankshaft, which provide air circulation in the under-roof space.
ventilation process helps remove moisture and condensation from the room in the cold season roofing surface retains heat inside and does not cool the room.
But gable design often creates without a ventilated function.
In the winter season with single surface of the snow does not fall sharply, it is delayed due to the slope angle -6-9 degrees. It is safe and comfortable, especially, the heavy rains and heavy snowfall.
But the disadvantage is the fact that the snow had to clean hands, so as not to exceed the carrying capacity of truss system.
Shed roofs can build with their own hands, with a clear structure and the necessary materials instructions.
If we talk about traditional gable roof form, roof system design will look like this:
Simple and economical form of the roof makes it a popular and reliable. The facade is of great importance, it is decorated with colored metals or raznoformnymi shingles.
With the ability to adjust the curtainoverhangs, each owner may at any time make an addition or porch without worrying about the integrity and strength of the roofing. In such cases, it is not necessary to make a separate roof and create architectural plans.
- The protective function, you are not afraid of any storm or hail ...
- Classic simple option to create a roof covering.
- Ability to create a refined architectural design, at the request of the owner.
- A full height of the building and the construction of windows under the roof, in the attic area.
- This type of roof allows you to operate freely form gables and eaves overhang dimensions;
- A wide choice of materials and their availability in each store construction.
- Reasonable prices for its construction.
- Simple and economical design.
- The possibility of its construction with their own hands, without the involvement of experienced professionals, which can not be said about multi-level and multi-stage structure.
In areas where there are strong blowwind preference homes with poluvalmovaya roof. It has a small overhang to the end faces, which are excellent protection during prolonged natural disasters. Cut the side slopes has a length shorter than the basic. Attic space of the building is quite spacious, well ventilated and well suited for the living room.
Gables homes have special protection from any rainfall.
Due to such a composition, these homes are representative beautiful appearance, regardless of the location of the building.
Rafter system design complex, requires special mathematical calculations and attraction for its creation-roofers professionals.
In this case, it saves on materials can not be, but the walls of the house will be protected for years to come.
The broken gable roof is suitable for summervillas and holiday homes. Side bends ensure high ceilings inside the building, but not always, such a design would be strong and durable. Due to the change in the slope is fairly vulnerable and often can not withstand the wind load.
During the construction of this type of roof is necessary to properly comply with the basic proportions of its elements that will help you in the future not to be spent on maintenance.
For a more concrete concept about the typesroofs for private houses sloping shape would be appropriate to examine this information, which sets out the details not only about the main types of roofing, but also their advantages but disadvantages.
Suppose your house is safe and cozy fortress, and the correct choice of the roof will continue its existence, to protect against the weather and a variety of mechanical damage.