It happens that with proper care lawn is still notpleases its density, sometimes it freezes in the winter and requires frequent overseeding. All this - the consequences of incorrectly chosen herbal mixture. When buying, we usually pay attention only to the information for what type of grass is a mixture of (sport, parterre, etc.). The herbs which are a part, we are interested in is less, the more that their names are usually the buyer will say little. But this information is more important than the others, because in our country a lot of mixtures imported from Europe. There the climate is milder, and the criteria of selection of lawn grasses are not as stringent. But in the harsh climate of our European lawn often freezes, because it includes not hardy grasses. To avoid such problems, for lawn grass should be selected according to the degree of adaptation to the climate and soils in your area. Let us examine this in more detail.
Any decorative grass lawn should beperennials, because the lawn is not created for one year, and each spring sow a new platform does not make sense. Of all the plant species most adapted to the conditions of the lawn grass. But not everyone, but only those who meet the following requirements:
- Resistant to freezing.
- Decorative appearance (succulent greens, with a uniform germination of sprouts, with the same density of cover and so on.).
- Develop a strong root system, which is not destroyed as a result of movement, capable of growing on compacted soils, and so on.
- After mowing rapidly increasing cover and respond well to fertilizers.
- The ability to reproduce vegetatively, because with the help of seeds on the lawn does not propagate.
If we analyze all the mixturesplants in five listed criteria, then the variety will only have three names for lawn grass, perfectly meeting the Russian weather conditions. it Agrostis capillaris. red fescue and meadow-grass. All of them belong to the group of short-rhizomatous grasses, and have similar properties.
These plants are not afraid of the temperature contrasts,especially when frosts in early spring or late fall. Their root system can withstand extreme cold and forms a dense turf so that the break weeds simply impossible through it. On 1 sq.m. It develops about 30 thousand. shoots. Herbs can withstand frequent mowing, have a high rate of vegetative reproduction, so with proper care lawn will be no seeding for decades.
Red fescue grows slowly enough, so for the first year of planting the lawn will look poorly, but the following season the plant produces thick flat cover
Kentucky bluegrass is not worth buying in its pure form, because it slowly builds up the root system. It is better to take a mixture, where it is the main component
Bent thin is famous not only for its winter hardiness and unpretentious, but rich dark-green color, which gives a rich view of the lawn
When studying mixtures of compounds in stores,choose for themselves those in the structure of which the largest percentage of these cereals. Sometimes the names are written on the packaging components in Latin. Keep track of how sound these three herbs in Latin:
- Bent thin referred to as Agrostis tenuis;
- Kentucky bluegrass - it Poa pratensis;
- Red fescue is translated as Festuca rubra.
Besides the three grasses, in mixtures and may occurOther plants that are suitable for the climate of our latitudes. All of them will have good resistance to frost and undemanding to care. But there are some disadvantages that do not allow to consider the best grass for the lawn. And if you can find their names in the mixture, then remember that they should not be the main component, but can be used as a supplement.
Here are the types of herbs often used in mixtures for lawn:
- Bent pobegonosnaya. Best Quality - very rapid growth. Minus - enables horizontal shoots, which are allocated a light color on a dark-green lawn. From this lawn becomes non-uniform color. Such quality is inappropriate in the parterre lawn, but not so and it is important for the recreation area.
- Other types of bluegrass. In addition to the meadow, which we described earlier,mixtures are angustifolia, ordinary and flattened types of bluegrass. They are characterized by poor durability, ie 5-7 years require reseeding, and decorative properties below (grass too hard and with a bluish tint).
Light green color horizontal shoots bentgrass pobegonosnoy contrasts with the coloring of the main lawn grass, so the grass is not suitable for parterre lawns
There are certain types of low-growing herbs forlawn, which are adapted to the specific growing conditions. They are not universal, but individual locations plot is recommended to plant them.
Thus, in bluegrass oakwood high ability to grow in partial shade. Those. under the garden trees and in areas near the buildings where the light is rare, this plant will save on the lawn bald spots and pale cover. However, you should bear in mind that the groves bluegrass can not form a dense root system, so does not make a movement and frequent mowing.
Swamp bluegrass save the situation on the lawns with increasedhumidity where not performed drainage. It forms a beautiful green cover and develop strong roots, but short-lived and requires frequent podsevaniya. It can be combined with white bentgrass, which is also a good idea grows on moist soil. But its decorative properties lower than bluegrass, and lifespan - about 8 years.
For the parterre lawn, it does not plan to walk on that can be used Agrostis canina. This is one of the most elegant in appearance herbsbecause it has an emerald color and delicate, thin blades of grass. This lawn is called "velvet" because from a distance it looks like an expensive fabric. But when all the external advantages, the plant is very capricious. It lives for about 5 years, has weak roots, grows slowly and totally resistant to trampling.
If you care to lawn looked aesthetically pleasing in a month or two, then pick up the mixture, which is composed of meadow fescue. It is the fastest growing grass, whichwill close their stems in 2 months. It can be used in pure form for a temporary lawn, which is destined to grow in one place for four years, because grass does not live longer. In addition, at the meadow fescue weak roots, that fear of trampling. But as part of a mixture of this herb can be quite useful as a supplement to the main grass. For example, Kentucky bluegrass grows slowly, and while it will go into full effect, empty spaces will be closed with success stems meadow fescue.
Meadow fescue save the hosts, when it is necessary to urgently make a decorative lawn, because after 2 months of grass form a continuous thick carpet
Your lawn will be dense in the first year, however,somewhat disparate. In broad meadow fescue stems and light-colored, against the background of narrow dark green blades of grass bluegrass will look contrastly. The following year, when the main grass will go into rapid growth, it just squeeze the grass and take his place.
In Europe there are grass mixtures to avoid landing on the lawn, because they are designed for mild climate. For example, perennial ryegrass has excellent growth, and the decorative dense cover, but after the first winter lawn markedly "polyseet", although in Europe such successful green lawn for about 8 years.
Perennial ryegrass (pasture) is able to surprise only for the first year after planting. Harsh winter too much for him
It often occurs as an additional component of the mixture, annual bluegrass. His feature - simplicity of care andfast growth. But the grass is propagated by seeds, so that the permanent cut system for the next year, he will not be able to give offspring and release land for the germination of weeds.
Another "two friends" - Soddy pickerel and Festuca ovina - All properties are good, except for one thing: they eventually form lumps, and gradually turn your lawn green in the hills.
To you it was easier to navigate by readingcompositions grass mixtures, and to better understand what kind of grass for lawn offers a manufacturer, we have collected the names described in the article of herbs in Latin. Memorize them and look on the packaging: