How to choose a pump for the pool: the rules of selection and classification

How to choose a pump for the pool: the rules of selection and classification

Mounting a pool in the country, it must be remembered thatsplashing in the water like not only people. This is a great environment for the vital functions of microbes, algae, breeding ground for mosquitoes. And do not let them go only one way: constant filtration and purification of water. Of course, inflatable swimming pools do not require any additional hardware. Among them easier every day to pour water on the garden, wash the body and pour fresh liquid. But the voluminous bowl, the harder it is to look after it. Tons of water daily, and even will not change one weekly, because they have yet to figure out what to do with. Therefore, basic care "is placed on the shoulders of" filtering system operated by the pump to the pool. Without it, the purity and safety of water facilities, you will not get.


How many pumps should be used?

The amount depends on the design of pumpsbasin and its spaciousness. As a general rule, to inflatable and frame structures with large volume manufacturers are making one cup filter pump for the pool.

The scheme of movement of water

The pump circulates the water through the cleaning and heating system, so it should be enough power for a full liquid turnover in 6 hours

Stationary bowls that are used frequently orAll year round, require multiple pumps. The main unit is responsible for filtering, another - creates the counter, the third - UV launches the installation includes four fountains, etc. The more relaxation pool areas, such as jacuzzi, massage jets, the more pumps employ the work. Here's what the experts say on the subject:

Classification of water pumps

All pool pumps can be divided into 4 groups:

  • self-priming;
  • Circulating pumps with conventional suction;
  • filtering;
  • Heat - for heating.

Self-priming pump - the heart of the water basin system

These pumps are installed above the pool, becausethey can pump water and to raise it to a height of about 3 meters. The main function - to provide water filtration. Typically, the pump supplied filtration equipment, because the performance of the mechanism and the filter mechanism must match. If the pump will be "stronger", it will be too soon "to drive" the water in the filter to make it work with congestion. The quality of cleaning will be reduced and the filter element quickly fail.

Self-priming pump

The main pool pump is responsible for the quality of the filter, so try to trim its capacity given the amount of bowls

Self-priming pump moves the water in a circle: dirty it sends to the skimmer, and then - in the filter. And already purified liquid returns to the cup. In the unit also has a filter, but it carries out only pre-treatment, without passing large objects such as toys, bottles and so on.

Driving the pump

The centrifugal pump is connected with the entire pool filter system

With continued use at home poolusually set and a spare pump, which will start in the main event of an unforeseen failure. Thus it is not advisable to locate a backup mechanism in the main line, as it may cause an increased flow resistance. The best option - fixed parallel to the main unit. However, this method is time consuming because it is necessary to provide this capability is already at the construction stage of the bowl. But it takes a very short start-up time when the main system.

For the main pumps do not accidentally invented self-priming system. It reduces the chance of blockage and simplifies the operation of the unit.

Important! Although the instructions for self-priming pump indicates that it is capable of operating above the water level, but the higher you lift the system, the more it will have to spend energy to lift the liquid. Overload unprofitable neither pump nor you, so it is recommended in closed basins lower it to the basement.

If the structure is in the open air,then, of course, there is a cellar underneath. In this case, you can hide pumps for swimming pools in special containers made of thermoplastic. There also set and other equipment (transformers, control unit and so forth.). Such containers are available in two versions: submersible (they are hidden under the lawn, maintaining free access to the top cover) or semi-submersible (hidden in the ground is not completely). The first option is convenient because it does not take place, and does not affect the landscape. The second is easier to maintain the equipment.

In water pumps for swimming pools not in usesteel. She too is subject to corrosion under the influence of reactive disinfectants (chlorine, active oxygen and so forth.). Steel shells and mechanisms are allowed only in the construction where the water is not treated with any means, and purified by UV-setting. In other basins pose pumps of durable plastic or bronze. They do not affect any reagents. However, if your intention is to create a saltwater pool (and this happens!), The plastic is not good, because the salt is deposited on it. It remains only option - the bronze.

Circulating pump with conventional suction

To help the main pump are selected moresimple machines that perform local tasks - to carry out the movement of water in a particular place the pool, for example, to create a fountain bubbles in a bubble bath, etc. For the saturation of water with ozone must be a part of it to suck in the Ozonator, and then, already rich, to release back.. And this task also performs the circulation pump for the pool.

self-priming pump

Pumps with normal suction circulate water and work fountains, jacuzzi, slides

Pick up such units should be given"Bells and whistles" in the pool design. To create backflow and water circulation, which helps even distribution of chemical disinfectants throughout the cup, buy a low-pressure pump is enough. If the system is designed water rides -. Slides, fountains, etc., you need a high-pressure model power over 2kW.

Pump Filter: Mobile collapsible pools

When buying a frame or inflatable models cottagerIncluded receives and pump for cleaning swimming pools. It performs the function of both the pump and filter, cleaning the water of debris. Such systems are designed for a few summers, or about 2 thousand. Hours. Requires a systematic cleaning and replacement filter elements. It should be remembered that the pump filters can remove only suspended particles that failed to settle to the bottom. So, you need to pick up the pump, the performance of which corresponds to the volume of the cup. If the power will be enough - the dirt will have time to settle to the bottom, and it is necessary to drain all the water to remove it.

Pump filter

Filter pumps are used in swimming pools seasonal use because they have a lifespan of about 3 seasons

Pumps heated: extend the swimming season

Owners who wish to enjoy the outdoor pool almost to the winter, need heat pumps for pools. These units using heated waterthe indoor unit is lowered directly into the cup. External power remains at the top and can operate the air conditioner or heater in the pools closed. This method of heating is cheaper than gas heating, about 5 p. In addition, the heat pump for the pool characterized by long life - more than 20 years, which is important for the stable operation of the water facilities.

Heat pump

Heat pumps are able to heat the water to 40 degrees

Pumps for swimming pools - like the heart to the body. From the smooth operation will depend on water safety, and therefore the health of the hosts.

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