Following the acquisition of land cottagerIt begins to address the most important issues: the need to start somewhere to grow roots. The most important thing - it is to provide themselves with water. Indeed, since life originated in water, without it all life long time can not exist. Bringing water from which it is possible, but only for personal use. The problem of irrigation in this manner can not be solved. Well, if the water is at least in the vicinity of the site. Arrange any, even a small body of water: river or even a trickle. The ideal option is a spring, but rarely carries. It remains to get a pump. By the way, at first, it fits a homemade water pump. Its use will remove the acuteness of the problem.
This model of the pump, for which do not need electricity, can be used by skilled craftsmen, who are lucky enough to acquire land on the banks of a small, but very tumultuous rivers.
The hose barrels stacked in neat coils without creases and kinks. And all of the construction as a whole looks quite unpretentious, but the water with it regularly comes ashore
To create pumps need:
- barrel diameter 52cm, 85cm in length and weighing about 17 kg;
- Hose stranded in a barrel with a diameter of 12mm;
- discharge (supply) hose 16mm in diameter;
There are limitations for immersion environment: Working flow depth should not be less than 30cm, the water moving speed (flow) - 1.5 m / sec. Such lift pump provides water to a height of not more than 25 meters vertically.
Constituent elements: 1- outlet hose spigot coupling 2-, 3-blade, 4 -penopolisterolovye floats 5 - helical winding of the hose 6 - inlet 7 bottom structure. Barrel perfectly afloat
Details of the use of this pump can see on the video.
The work of this pump is also usedthe benefits that provides is very close to the river area. The pond without a pump flow is unlikely to be effective. To make it, you need:
- corrugated pipe type "accordion";
- 2 sleeve with valves;
The tube may be either plastic or brass. Depending on the material, "accordion" and need to adjust the weight of the timber. Brass pipe will fit the beam weighing more than 60kg, and is suitable for plastic and not such a heavy load. Typically, the beam weight is chosen by practical.
This option is ideal pump for river and not with the rapid flow, it is important that it be easy, then the "accordion" will be reduced, and the water pumped
Both ends of the pipe closed sleeves havingvalve. On one side of the tube is attached to the bracket, on the other - to the log, placed in water. Operation is directly dependent on the movement of water in a river. That it should oscillate to force "accordion" effect. The expected effect when the wind speed 2m / sec and when the increased pressure up to 4 atmospheres may be about 25 thousand. Liters of water during the day.
As you can imagine, the pump is presented in a simplifiedversion. It can be improved, if we exclude the logs for unwanted torque. To do this, fix it in the horizontal plane by installing a riser with a bolt ring limiter. Now the pump will last longer. Another version of the improvements: soldered lugs at the ends of the pipe. Bushings they can simply screwed.
Particular attention should be paid and prepreparation of logs. Do not forget that it will be placed in the water. Prepare a mixture of natural linseed oil and kerosene at the rate of one to one. Deposit timber impregnate mixture 3-4 times, and gashes and ends as the most hygroscopic six times. The mixture in the process may begin to solidify. If warming in a water bath, it will return the flow without any loss of other properties.
Craftsmen, whose idea was embodied in this miracleof engineering, called his creation "oven-pump". They, of course, know better, but at the initial stage of its operation, this pump is similar to the samovar. However, he did not water warms and creates a difference in pressure, due to which it is carried out the work.
For this the pump:
- steel drum of 200 liters;
- primus or blowtorch;
- pipe with a tap;
- mesh hose nozzle;
- rubber hose;
Spigot with tap be embedded in the lower partbarrels. On top of a barrel to close the screw plug. In this pre-drilled hole plug is inserted into it and a rubber hose. Mesh cap is needed in order to close the second end of the hose before it is lowered into the water body.
This pump version can even be called witty and, most importantly, the "device" will certainly work well
The barrel is poured about two liters of water. By putting the barrel heater (kerosene stove or a blowtorch). You can simply dissolve under the bottom of the fire. The air is heated in the barrel and out through the hose in the pond. It will be seen by Hubble. The fire was quenched drum begins to cool, and because of the low internal pressure of the water it is pumped from the reservoir.
To fill the barrel, on average, you need at least an hour. This is provided in the hose bore diameter of 14 mm and a distance of 6 meters from the place where the water to be raised.
That's really for this product will require specialadaptations. Where, for example, you will take a black lattice of hollow tubes containing liquefied propane-butane? However, if this part of the problem is resolved, the rest does not cause much difficulty. Thus, the grid is, and it is connected with a rubber bulb (bulb), which is placed in the can. The cover of the can has two valves. One valve lets air into the container, and through another air with a pressure of 1 atm comes into the duct.
Grid really is best done in black, because black is always active products are heated under the bright summer sun
The system works well. Pour on a sunny day with cold water grate. LPG is cooled and the vapor pressure of the gas decreases. The balloon made of rubber is compressed and air flows into the can. After the sun dries grating pair again inflate bulb and the pressurized air will flow directly through the valve into the pipe. Air pocket becomes a kind of piston which expels the water through the shower head on the rack, and then the cycle repeats.
Of course, we are not interested in pouring process itselflattice, and the water that is going under it. Experts say that the pump is functioning perfectly even in the winter. Only this time, used as a coolant frosty air and heats the lattice water extracted from the ground.
If the water is in a barrel or other container,the use in this case a hose for watering is problematic. In fact, everything is not so difficult. You can literally from scrap materials to construct a homemade pump for pumping water, which will operate on the principle of liquid level compensation in communicating vessels.
Injection water is the resultseveral progressive movements. The valve, which is located under the hood, do not allow water to go back into the barrel, forcing by increasing its volume, flow out. Frivolous at first glance, the building is a thorough source in the villa.
For manual pump must be:
- plastic bottle, the lid of which should necessarily be lining membrane made of plastic;
- hose, suitable in length;
- standard tube whose diameter corresponds to the size of the bottle neck.
How it is possible to assemble a pump and how it will function, look at the video, where everything is explained in detail.
The habit of buying new things, when there are oldanalogs, very ruinous. I agree that the old washing machine is not able to compete with new models, but it can still serve as a pump you for the glory. For example, it can be used to pump out water from drainage well.
Washing machine has long served its. It is simply pushed out new models with new features. But her heart - the pump is still able to serve as owner
For such a pump motor need a network to 220. But it is better to use his power isolation transformer with safe isolation of input and output windings. Do not forget about the quality of the core or grounding of the metal casing of the transformer. Commensurate power transformer and motor.
We use a centrifugal pump type, soput a valve at the end of hose lowered into the water and fill the system with water. The check valve, which is an exploded view represented in the photo, too, can be removed from the washing machine. A blue lapped just perfect cork went to extra hole, too, was closed. Surely in your holdings there something similar.
Just out of the garbage, as it turned out, it is possible to assemble a fully functional item, which is not easy work, and does its job well and quickly
The resulting self-made pump wellIt works, pumping out from a depth of about 2 meters of water with a decent speed. It is important to him in time to turn off that air did not get into the system and do not have to fill it with water again.
Everybody remembers the story of the screw,invented by Archimedes. With it was supplied with water even in ancient Syracuse, who did not know electricity. Very witty version of the application of Archimedes invented the screw in Africa. Pump carousel is both entertainment for local children, and quite functional structure providing water small settlement. If you have children, and they have - friends who love to ride on the carousel, take this experience to your service.
Baby carousel 1-, 2- pump reservoir aquifer 3-, 4- tank with water, a 5-column with water, the water pipe 6 for returning the overflow tank case
As you can see, opportunities for water supplygreat variety. And electricity in this matter may not participate. It turned out some water pumps with their own hands can make even a schoolboy. It is important that there was a desire, a lucid mind and skilled hands. And we'll throw in ideas.