Sliding or sliding doors are gainingpopular with private developers, as the market had all the necessary components for their installation at an affordable price. As the cost of swing gates, of course, cheaper. Sliding design wins on aesthetics and ease of use. Reduce your costs by saving on installation services companies installing sliding doors with their hands. Make it not so difficult, if you look at the schemes, see the video tutorials, as well as to consult with an experienced home handyman. For the execution of works purchased ready-made kit for the installation of cantilever sliding gate, which includes two rollers supporting beam of the U-shaped profile, a few traps and holders. Assembly and installation of sliding gate structure is made in a specific sequence.
This video clearly shows the processInstallation of sliding gate with their hands. After viewing all your questions before the installation of sliding gates will disappear by themselves. So clearly and simply shows each separate operation.
Below is a diagram and a list of the main elements of the finished sets of sliding doors available on the market both foreign and domestic manufacturers of this type of equipment.
Legend: 1. The guide U-shaped bar; 2. Roller supports or carts (two); 3. Removable terminal clip; 4. Lower the catcher; 5. Upper catcher; 6. Lock the top with rollers (bracket); 7. Plate for fixing the roller bearing
On a specially prepared for the installation of slidinggate foundation fixed at a certain distance from each other pair of roller bearing supports. The guide U-shaped beam is welded or screwed to the bottom of the metal frame of the door leaf. Casters not only withstands the load falling on them from the entire structure, and provide for its free movement. Fixing supports produced by using embedded bolts or a special plate securely fixed to the foundation.
Fixing roller bearings to steel channels, lays the foundation, together with the reinforcement cage, produced by bolts or welding
The gate is mounted on roller trolleys sothose that are inside the U-shaped carrier beam. This arrangement protects the rollers against contamination, which affects the length of their trouble-free operation. As a result, the gate is easily rolled back to the side, as in manual mode, and automatic by means of an electric motor.
Important! The frame for the door leaf, welded from profile pipe sizes 60h40h2 mm (main frame) and 20h20h1,5 mm (jumper) should be tough enough. After all, the portal is a fold under the influence of wind loads, which can be quite significant. The web also should not be subjected to any deformation under the pressure of its own weight.
Production of fittings for sliding gatesis engaged in a lot of manufacturers, including in the Russian market are considered the most famous ROLTEK (St. Petersburg), the CAME and Rolling-Center (Italy), DOORHAN (Moscow).
Kits of components needed for installation of sliding gates, divided by the weight of the construction and the opening width of the light into three sizes:
- small (up to 400 kg and up to 4 meters);
- medium (up to 600 kg and up to 6 m);
- large (600 kg, and 6 m).
When choosing the right set are guided by the width of the cover openings, the height of the web and the total weight of the whole structure.
Works on laying the foundation for slidinggate start with marking the trench. At the same time from the edge of the opening from the gate rollback lay length of the concrete base equal to half the width of the passage. a foundation base width is 40-50 cm. When calculating the depth of the pit into account the level of the ground freezing in the area. In Moscow the foundation laying depth of 1.7 m, and in Siberia - 2.5-3 m.
Of channel 18 and the valve (d 12) is madefitting member, connecting all parts welded together in accordance with the diagram. Channel must be used to strengthen the foundation being built strength and stiffness. The low alloy steel used in the release of channels, capable of withstanding the effects of low temperatures and do not corrode. workpiece length sill is equal to half the width of the opening. The length of the vertical rebar is calculated from the condition that they should go below the depth of soil freezing.
Mortgage welded frame of channel 18 and the reinforcing rods whose diameter is 12 mm. The valve can be replaced with steel corners
Combining vertical steel rodsjumpers, get a solid reinforcing cage that is lowered into the trench prepared for pouring the foundation. Previously at the bottom of the trench is poured a layer of sand that is carefully compacted.
Important! The level of the basement must match the level of the road. The amount of clearance must be greater than 5 cm, to avoid any problems in the operation of the gate in the winter.
Before pouring the foundation should be checkedhorizontal arrangement of the reinforcing cage, using a builder's level. During alignment also ensures that the longitudinal axis of the steel channel is parallel to the line of the fence.
If you plan to put the drive for automationcontrol of sliding gates, then fill the stage of the foundation laying wires, hiding them in a special corrugated tube. Place the output wires of the beam is chosen based on the planned location of the drive. Normally, the equipment is installed in the middle of the foundation.
The trench prepared for the foundation, reinforcement cage is lowered. This plane steel channel is aligned with the level of the roadway
For pouring the foundation concrete is kneadedM400 solution of 4-5 bags of cement, crushed stone (0.3 cube) of sand (0.5 cube). Filled foundation is left undisturbed for 3-5 days, during which the concrete attains the necessary strength. After the specified time to start installing the sliding gate.
Designate the goal line movement with the help ofstretched along the cord opening, placing it at a height of 200 mm from the surface of the roadway and at a distance of 30 mm from the response column. On this cord, you will align the position of the carrier profile (beam).
Prepare the roller carriage for mounting andinsert them sequentially into the carrier profile beams. Then move the trolley to the center of the goal. Place the gate leaf with inserted in the profile of roller bearings on a steel channel base constructions. Then place the first and second support in the marked areas, and adjust the gate so that they are parallel to the cord stretched and touched him.
Weld to u adjusting pada second roller assembly. Rolled out the gate in the opening to the end and check the horizontal position of the web, tack welding, adjusting the first pad roller assembly.
- Remove the fabric sliding doors with roller bearings.
- The pillars themselves remove the adjustment pads.
- After passing along the contour welding, weld leveling pad to the steel base constructions.
- Secure the roller bearings on welded adjusting pad.
- Slide the blade support roller on the sliding gate.
- Set the gate in the closed position, andAdjust the horizontal position of the carrier profile plane. To this end, a wrench, raise or lower the adjustment pad relative to each other.
Installation of the front bearing roller trolleys operate at 150 mm from the edge of the door opening, as to when they are fully open end will abut the clip support
Important! Make the horizontal position of the gate is possible only if they are in the closed state.
Adjust the position of the roller bearings,inside the carrier profile. To do this a little bit, loosen the top nut securing the adjusting roller bearing pads. Close and open the gates, rolling them from side to side a few times. This roller bearings can take within the carrier profile correct position in which the gate moves easily and freely. When you have finished the adjustment of a free wheeling gates, tighten the upper nut tight roller bearings.
Further, a video terminal, andplug carrier profile. To do this, the inside of the carrier U-shaped profile is inserted into the terminal clip, placing it on the front side of the door leaf and the fixed part with fixing bolts.
Plug the bracket profile, supplied inComplete sliding gates, welded to the back side of the web. This item does not give the carrier profile clogged with snow in winter, which prevents jamming of the gate.
When installing the top bracket may be used to mount both the anchor and welding. roller bracket after installation to better lubricate sliding
To set the upper guide bracket,weaken his mount clips. Then place the bracket on the door leaf in such a way that the rollers are touching the upper edge of the fabric, and the side with the holes provided for fastening, has been directed toward the support column. Pressing the bracket to the support pillar surface retainer fasteners.
After embarking on a face of the rack gateprofiled sheet, cut to the height and width to the size you want. Mounting trapezoidal sheet are starting from the front edge of the goal. plating Fixing is done with screws or rivets. Each subsequent sheet of sheathing is applied to the previous list "on the same wavelength."
As a material for covering the sliding gate is most commonly used steel sheet, which is complemented by wrought iron elements, giving the construction of elegant and special appearance
One of the last steps of the installation of the finishedset of sliding doors is to install traps. Lower trap set by the fully-loaded gate makes it possible to remove part of the load from the roller bearings in the closed position of the web. To determine the position of the lower trap, it is necessary to close the gates and combine it with the end roller.
Upper trap allows to keep the fabricgates are closed, from swinging during the sailing action loads. Installation of the upper trap is performed at the level of the protective corners, and in the closed position, they (the corners) must touch the upper brackets catcher.
In the final stage the installationautomation, if this option was planned originally. Moving leaf sliding gate is then carried out using racks sold meter pieces with fasteners. Reiki attached to the carrier profile. Installing automatic sliding gate with his hands, be aware that in addition to the racks, you will need the drive, remote control, lamp-Light and Key. All set in full compliance with the instructions supplied with the equipment for the automatic control of the gate movement. If you have problems you can turn to an experienced electrician.
As you can see, handle the installation of sliding gatescan be their own. However, to call this process can not be easy. I needed not only knowledge, but also the physical effort. Therefore, many private developers prefer to trust the installation of sliding gates professionals.