In suburban areas rarely build stationarygarages for cars, because it makes no sense to spend money on them when to come occasionally, and then only in the summer. But to leave the open-air car also will not be, because the unexpected hail can damage the paint, and the scorching sun - deformed plate and discolor the inner liner. The mite makes the wind fell asleep car pollen, dust and leaves. Moreover, to put the car on the bare ground is not very convenient, because over time, will be beaten out ugly track, which will erode the rain and have to keep it zaravnivat. Get rid of such problems parking for cars in the country, which is easy to make your own hands.
As a rule, try to put the car nearto the house, it was convenient to him "zatarivatsya" grown in the country of fruits and vegetables. Especially if the structure is located far from the entrance to the site. Putting the wall, you get an additional bonus in the form of protection from wind and rain side. Only it is necessary to choose the wall located on the side often blowing winds. Moreover, if the country is not a dog, a car under the window rarely reveal the local thieves. However, this option has a small disadvantage: you have to sacrifice a few meters of the garden or flower beds.
If the guarded area (dog orcamera), then the most convenient way to park - right near the entrance gate. Then you do not have to create a wide entrance to the house, and you can get by narrow paths.
Parking under the windows of cottages will prevent the car from thieves nocturnal infiltrations
Parking at the entrance convenient to the small plots that values each meter
parking lot size will depend on the dimensions of the car. For cars up to 4 meters in length withdrawn pad 2.5 x 5 m If you have a minivan or SUV, the area should be more than:. 3.5 x 6.5 m.
The most simple parking - open type. They are a flat solid pad that is raised slightly above the ground. It can be sown lawn grass, gravel cover, pour concrete or asphalt or paving laid tile or stone.
The worst option - lawn grass. Over time, it will beat out two strips of wheels, which are unlikely to recover. And wait to lawn rooted, you have at least a season.
Live grass is very unstable to the pressure of the wheels, but if you replace it with an artificial lawn, the park will smooth and beautiful
A more practical option - backfilling with gravel. For its creation, remove the fertile layer of soil and covered with sand instead. On the edge of the pad is poured pavement curbs, which will keep the shape of the site. When ustynut curbs, poured a layer of gravel 15 cm, raising it above ground level. This drainage area is always dry. You can lay in the center of the two strips of concrete tiles (the wheels), to make it easier to call.
Despite the ease of installation of the gravel parking lot will get clogged with dry leaves and debris, which is quite difficult to clean
Concrete parking a car in the country is inif the soil in your area is not puchitsya. To obtain a strong coating, it is necessary to remove the fertile layer of soil, sand fill and put a pillow on the formwork perimeter parking. On top of sand laid reinforcing mesh for strength and concrete is poured a layer of 5 cm. Then, the crude solution is placed a new layer of reinforcement and pour over it a further 5 cm of concrete. The total height of the platform will turn about 10 cm, which is quite suitable for a car. If you rely on the jeep, the concrete layer is raised to 15 cm.
For the strength of the concrete parking lot twice reinforced by pouring
Three days await concrete pour, and then remove the formwork. But the car to the parking lot should be considered only after a month, when the coating is completely cured.
If the soil in the country subject to heave, the betterreplace concrete paving slabs, because there are gaps in the coverage, which will not allow the site to buckle. Additionally, tiles with moisture evaporates faster. The tile is placed on the sand-cement pad or on the hard-packed gravel, pressing down to the base of a rubber mallet.
Tamped tile with a rubber mallet, and if not, then gently tapping with a hammer
In contrast to the open areas, parking with awnings protect the vehicle from sudden rain or the heat of summer. And the flying bird not to make trouble.
Sheds do not be too high, so that the machinenot "clog" slanting rain, but not the design itself was shaking like a sail with the wind. The optimal size - height + height of car possible cargo on the roof. Typically, this parameter varies from 2.3 to 2.5 m.
Mounting principle of canopies is approximately the same. The only difference is in the material and resistant coating. You can cover the canopy polycarbonate, metal sheets, slate, boards and even a cane.
If you build parking for several cars, the supporting pillars put a half meters
Sheds make free-standing or parkedone of the walls of the house. If you mount the attached carport, then make two support legs, and from the house rafters and the roof overhang is fixed directly to the wall. To stand firmly fix their concreted or connect with ground anchors.
Attached parking protects the car from the snow and wind, if you build it on the south side
If the canopy will stand separately, the supporting pillars must be at least 4. The exact number depends on the number of parking spaces and the weight of the material, which will be covered carport.
Stages of construction of the canopy:
- Fill foundation. concrete suitable for covered parking ortiled base, the establishment of which was written above. One caveat: if a platform made of concrete, the columns-support should be put immediately at the time of filling. If you plan to tiled floor, first concreted the support, and then assemble the entire base.
- We bring down the frame. Frame begin to mount in a weekAfter the concrete work. In this case, if the street summer, the concrete is poured on a daily basis, or because of the rapid drying it can go cracks. For a frame structure suitable metal profile or thin wooden beams. These top-linked pillars of support, then proceed to the installation of rafter system and the creation of crates.
- Stuffed roofing. If polycarbonate is selected for the canopy, thenfirst harvest of the desired size sheets. To do this, carry out the frame and measure directly on the ground cut polycarbonate ordinary hacksaw. Cutting is performed along the length of the polycarbonate channels that during assembly they have turned perpendicular to the ground. This will allow moisture inside the sheets quietly flow away downwards.
Parking polycarbonate looks airy and easy to assemble
Polycarbonate sheets mark out on the ground and narezyvayut
The angle of the polycarbonate sheets must be more than 5 degrees, so that the internal moisture goes down rather than accumulate, spoiling the appearance of the roof
After cutting it is necessary to mark out and drillfor mounting holes. They should be slightly wider than the screw. In the heat polycarbonate is expanding, and if you do not give a stock, then at fixing it burst. That in wide holes are not exposed to dust and water, on top of them, covered with rubber gasket and then fix the screws.
If Bent cover parking, use galvanized screws and cover sheets are stacked overlap.
Parking - part of the landscape of the suburban area, so its design must be in harmony with the other buildings.