Buildings in the garden

How to make a canopy made of polycarbonate: Equips a covered area for garden

How to make a canopy made of polycarbonate: Equips a covered area for garden

Original visors, spacious pavilions andtranslucent awnings adorn the monastery today many sites. The buildings are decorated with modern building materials - polycarbonate, look very attractive and harmoniously blend into the architectural ensemble. The owners of private homes are increasingly equip awnings made of polycarbonate with their own hands, creating a picturesque arched structures. Semi-gloss and transparent canopies of colored polymer base, in addition to direct assignment, becoming a spectacular decoration front area, a playground or a patio.


Applications polycarbonate canopy

Polycarbonate - universal roofing material. Addressing decent alternative wood, glass or metal, it serves as the basis for the construction of shelters, which are widely used in the construction of the country.

Option # 1 - canopy over the balcony

Equipping a balcony transparent plastic canopy, free flowing of the sun's rays, it is possible to create a real conservatory, which will act as a decoration at home during the whole year.

Shade the awning over balcony

canopy device made of polycarbonate protect the walls of the house and an attached to it from the site to the development of mold and fungi and prolong the life of wooden construction elements

Option # 2 - carport

Pretty hard structures able to withstand strong gusts of wind, translucent roof creates a small shadow.

Large shed near the house

Rectangular and arched canopies are able to protect the car perfectly, not only from the rain and snow, but also other external factors that have a negative impact

Article topic: Parking cars in the country: examples of devices open and closed areas

Option # 3 - canopy for the gazebo or patio

Polycarbonate is ideal as a roofing material for arrangement of pavilions, a covered area for relaxing, patio and barbecue.

A cozy gazebo with a translucent roof

Semi-matt or transparent roof will produce scattered shade, thanks to which will be created inside the gazebo slightly muffled interesting lighting

Option # 4 - a canopy over the porch

Due to the wide variety of color palettespolycarbonate and the special structure of the material, it is easy to take any form, it is always possible to create a design that perfectly fit into the architectural composition of an existing structure.

Arched canopy in front of house

Beautifully decorated canopy protects the front part of the house and the adjacent veranda with a porch from the scorching sun in the summer months and bad weather in the cold season

The choice of material for the construction of a canopy

The rustic building for arrangementpolycarbonate awnings are used more often. Solid panel consisting of several layers of plastic which are interconnected by vertical ribs, have excellent quality characteristics. Besides the fact that they have an aesthetic appearance, polycarbonate panels is quite easy to install and bend, taking an arcuate shape. Due to the special structure of polycarbonate material is able to protect against the negative effects of UV radiation.

Choosing material for arrangement of the canopy should be guided first and foremost destination and the type of construction of the future.

Table calculation crates for shelter

When calculating the canopy of polycarbonate must be considered: wind and snow loads, move crates and bending radius

Competent settlement will prevent unnecessaryexpenses: buying too thin sheets, require more frequent step crates, at the same time setting the most durable panels also entail additional costs.

If you choose polycarbonate panels must take into account the thickness of the material:

  • The panels 4 mm thick intended for the construction of greenhouses and greenhouses.
  • Cell panels of 6-8 mm thick intended for the construction of partition walls, awnings, canopies and roofs.
  • From sheets of 10 mm thick soundproof erecting barriers, they are used for the construction of vertical surfaces.
  • The thickest bar 16 mm thick, have a high strength. They are used for large areas of the roof.

Palette polycarbonate shades is wide enough that you can select the option that best fit everything for a particular construction.

A cozy sitting area, decorated in blue and green tones

Green and blue translucent plastic panels decorate the canopy above the pool. Brown and cherry canopy shades complement tableau twined green buildings

The main stages of arrangement of the canopy

Step # 1 - design of the building structure

Having defined the seat of the constructiondesign, should develop a project for the awning. Design, which is performed before making a canopy made of polycarbonate, allows not only to correctly calculate the necessary amount of materials during construction, but also to prevent the occurrence of possible deformations during use.

Driving carports

When designing the foundation and the superstructure canopy, we must first measure the parameters of the site and based on that make a calculation taking into account the framework of longitudinal and transverse steps

In developing the project, it should also take into account the climatic features of the terrain and the load caused by external factors.

canopy frame, a two-car

To install polycarbonate sheets thickless than 8 mm is sufficient in step 600-700 mm. When constructing a heavy panels longitudinal steps performed in the size of 700 mm and a cross - up to 1 meter

Step # 2 - site construction of the shed

The platform under the canopy arrangement is scheduled tousing pegs and level. Along the perimeter of the site at a distance of 1-1.5 meters are dug using the drill holes for the installation of the support legs, as the most commonly used wooden boards or metal poles.

Installation of supports using the embedded parts

Supports bury itself in the ground at 50-150 cm, leveled using a spirit level and concreted or fixed in a specially dug on the same principle embedded parts

When used as pedestals wooden beams, the lower part of the pillars treated bitumen or any preservative that prevents rotting timber.

After waiting a couple of days, until the foundations of support and concretegathers enough strength to the entire territory of the marked area is removed a layer of soil thickness of 15-20 cm. The bottom of the pit formed strew sand or gravel "cushion" and tamped.

At this stage of construction it is desirable to provide grooves arrangement and placement of drainage pipes to drain rainwater.

In can be used as a final coating:

  • concrete floor;
  • paving tiles;
  • lawn grid.

For laying of the coating on the perimeter of the siteset timbering. The bottom of the pit, covered with gravel "cushion", pour concrete solution of 5 cm thick, on top of which immediately placed a grid of reinforcement and re-poured concrete in the same layer. Formwork is removed after 2-3 days when the concrete hardens. The very same court shall settle the poured concrete at least 2-3 weeks, during this period attains the necessary strength concrete, and natural way to get rid of excess moisture.

 Concrete screed for large canopy

Concrete screed is suitable for flat areas, where the soil is not affected by shifts

Cover with paving slabs

Paving is more suitable for "plyvuchih" and heaving soils. In contrast to the concrete screed, paved sidewalk tiles does not form a monolithic layer, thus giving ground to "breathe"

The tiles are laid directly on the sand"Cushion", tamping elements with a rubber hammer without damaging the surface of the coating. As a frame which does not give cover raspolztis of play, use the curbs better. Tiled surface area watered. The coating can also be used natural stone, clinker brick or paving stones.

The circuit arrangement of the lawn lattice

Fans of natural materials may opt for lawn grid, through which the cell grows grass

The polymeric material acts as a basis for the lattice, will provide drainage and protect the lawn from trampling, while maintaining its attractive appearance throughout the season.

Step # 3 - Installation frame

Vertical supports fixed to the mortgagedetail. During the construction of the frame of the metal pillars, the top harness on the perimeter and uprights construction is carried out by welding. Thereafter, by means of vertical struts operate fixation frame cross members to the supporting beams.

The original form of sheds

Most often, cross members give of arc and dome-shaped, one-and gable form. In addition to a presentable appearance arched structure prevent the accumulation of snow, mud and fallen leaves

All welding seams carcass cleaned, primed and painted.

Step # 4 - packing of polycarbonate sheets

From the shelter of the roof installation quality polycarbonate depends the reliability and durability of construction.

To lay the polycarbonate panels required tools:

  • Construction knife;
  • I saw circulation;
  • drill;
  • screwdriver.

Sheets of up to 8 mm can be cut usingConstruction of the knife, and the thicker panel - circulation saw discs having fine teeth undiluted. All work on the cutting sheets should be carried out only on a firm, level surface.

 Cutting the sheets of polycarbonate on a flat surface

Cutting of sheets to be performed taking into account the orientation of the air passages. Those must comply with the direction of the bend or incline

The outer side of the panel that protects againstUV radiation is covered with a special film transport, on which the manufacturer applies the image to the instructions for installation. All work on cutting and drilling holes can be carried out without removing the protective film, by removing it from the surface of the panels only after the installation of the canopy.

Council. To bend the arc of plastic panel, it is necessary to attach to it along the channel line profile in which to make small incisions and bend, giving the desired shape.

Polycarbonate sheets are fitted in size is placed on the frame and fixed with screws and thermowasher diameter of 30 mm.

Tight connection elements using thermowashers

Such thermowashers having a silicone base, able to provide excellent sealing seams

Attachment hole whose diameter must2-3 mm higher than the size of screws and thermowasher, must be placed between the ribs at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Fixing the sheets to the frame, the main thing - not to win, not to break the edges of the holes in the plastic panel. Sheets themselves bonded together using H-shaped profiles, which the plant under the panel edges is 20 mm, leaving small gaps.

Combining polycarbonate sheets to each other, you need to follow a rule everything compression joints: leave 3-5 mm gaps to offset the possibility of sheets when the temperature drops.

Sealing the edges of the open ends and polycarbonate sheets

The edges of the open ends and polycarbonate panels cover the special plates, aluminum or perforated tape with the microfilter, and then glued sealant

This treatment will prevent the infiltration of debris into the empty cavity of panels, dust and small insects, as well as to prevent the accumulation of condensate.

Canopy is ready. Caring for the construction only is timely cleaned surfaces with plain water without the use of detergents, which can damage the protective layer of polycarbonate panels.

Video example of the installation work

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