Construction of a new house - it's always greatcosts. Few people can afford to build, not paying attention to the budget. More often than not have to save in order to fit into the budget. However, savings should be reasonable, since in the new house will live by the owner and his family. The building should be warm, dry, comfortable, pleasing to look at. How can this be achieved without the overpayment? In the first place - to save on the brigade staff. If the developer has the right skills, all or almost all you can do yourself. You can also choose inexpensive materials available technology, a model project. As cheaper to build a house with his own hands? What is worth saving, and where better not to risk it?
Savings starts with the selection of the project. The more complex architectural forms, the more costly construction. Inefficient to try to cut costs at the expense of workers, technical supervision or quality of materials by initially expensive project.
It is better to clearly define the required areahome, family is not deprived, but not allowing himself extra square meters, choose a simple shape of the roof. This will create a cozy home, fully meets the needs of the family, but no architectural "excesses" - mnogoskatnoy roofs, bay windows, columns, arches.
It makes sense to consider options for the construction of one- or two-storey house with attic.
Residential loft is much more profitable than a singlefloor. The construction of the floor will need more materials - walls, insulation, decoration. A need for arranging the attic truss design, quality and good heat insulator roofing materials. As a result, the owner receives housing and the roof at the same time
If you choose lightweight materials and suitabletechnologies for the construction of the walls, you can save on the foundation. It would take less powerful design, plus the formwork can be made of boards nekonditsiyu used fiberboards.
The only thing that is not desirable to reduce theexpenses, this cement. His need to buy quality, otherwise the strength of the structure will be a big question. The depth of the trench for the foundation must also comply with a calculated weight of the building to avoid the strong rainfall, which can lead to cracks in the walls.
The most popular materials for private housing:
With the construction of houses and cottages are increasingly using frame technology. This is a promising method to build quickly and with minimal cost.
To find out what is cheapest costbuild a house, it is necessary to calculate the estimates for each of the options, because cost of the material itself is not always a measure of benefit. For example, opt for a multi-purpose materials will help to reduce costs. The cost of hydro-, vapor barrier "two in one" will cost in the long run cheaper than buying two different types of insulation.
The calculations should be based on the fact that the finished building should be comfortable to stay, meet the standards for heat saving, safety.
The advantages of frame housing - a smallertime and labor costs for the construction of the building. The design turns the light, creates an increased load on the foundation and does not require its gain
The house is built on frame technology in terms ofseveral weeks to several months, depending on whether the owner himself or hires a team building. Finished buildings are durable, resistant to deformation. Estimated lifetime of about 75 years.
Supporting structures suitable for subsequentplating finishing materials, as all the elements are unified. This significantly extends the range of façade cladding options: on the wall can be installed siding panel cluster, block-house. When the casing sheet materials increases strength of the assembly without significantly increasing its weight.
How to collect frame house and how much it costs the construction can be found in this video:
There are two main frame technology, each of which has its own characteristics.
Frame-panel. As cheaper to build a house? After collecting himself. Of course, this will require skills and equipment. Thanks to the frame-panel construction is possible, at least it needs to invest a lot of time and extra money to buy heaters and other materials. The frame is made of wood and sheathe sandwich panels. Each material has to be installed separately, which affects the timing and complexity of construction.
Skeleton-shield. This option is expensive, but reliable andIt requires much less labor. The house collected from finished panels, which are made at the factory on request. Panels are supplied fully insulated and ready for assembly. If you compare the prices of the shield and panel houses, the first is more expensive. However, the final cost could be the same, if, for the assembly of frame-panel houses invite workers, because have to pay for all work separately - assembly, paneling, insulation, decoration.
Wooden frame assembled already look like afinished house. It only requires plating and finishing. The wall structure mounted at the factory steam and waterproofing materials, thereby increasing lifetime of the building
The undeniable advantages of the technology:
- Cost. Low weight at home - this is an obvious opportunity to save on a foundation, and a short time - to pay the workers. It is believed that the house, built on frame technology, cheaper all, but largely depends on the efficiency of construction area, selected materials, finishes, etc. Calculations of experienced engineers show that it is advantageous if the length of the building does not exceed 20 m, and the number of storeys - 3. Often, it is all about the project.
- High energy-saving factor. Prefab homes are heated quickly and efficiently. The walls are made of materials with low thermal conductivity, whereby heat keeps good design. The wall thickness can be 15-20 cm Among other advantages of frame houses -. Decrease in heating costs compared to a conventional house of the same area.
- No shrinkage. Construction walls are durable, resistant to deformation, characterized by high rigidity, and the house itself does not shrink. This also has a positive effect on the timing of construction: finishing work can begin immediately after the end of major works. Sheathing made of materials that do not require additional treatment, which reduces the cost of finishing.
Disadvantages or that you need to consider:
- To build a frame house special needsknowledge, tools. Qualifications builders is essential, therefore, not every developer will cope himself, and a team will have to choose carefully.
- Wooden frames require additional processing for biological compounds and fire protection.
When you select a project, special attention should be paidventilation. Artificial materials excellent thermal insulation, but in terms of environmental safety is poor. If the house is small, it is theoretically possible to manage natural ventilation, but, ideally, should be calculated and establish a system of normal air for him.
When installing the frame structures are not used "wet" technology. This feature - a big plus, as It allows to work at any time of the year
Tightness - one of the main advantagesframe house, because It is the key to a good thermal insulation. But it has a downside - a violation of air. , You need to design a high-quality ventilation system to human waste, dust and other factors do not worsen the microclimate in the building, did not reduce the amount of oxygen in the air
Materials for the manufacture of the frame:
- Tree. Although various types of processing, the wood is exposed to moisture and microorganisms. On average, such a frame is 60 years and gives a metallic analogues of strength, lightness, resistance to damaging environmental factors.
- Metal. For the manufacture of skeletons of houses used lightweight thermo. Its advantages - excellent fire resistance, light weight, corrosion resistance. Metal parts are not subject to attacks of fungi and mold. All this can extend the life of structures up to 100 years.
What would cost to build a house cheaper? In drawing up the estimates will be a distinct advantage over the wooden frame. However, if "look into the future" and to consider a high performance thermal profile, his life completely pays for the cost.
The foundation can select tile, columnar or tape, depending on the soil type. You can save on a simple to install roof - gable or mansard. The choice - for the developer.
Q1. m metal framework weighing 30-50 kg, with a shell - 200 kg. The small proportion of the finished home allows you to build on unstable ground. The profile is also used in the renovation of buildings with badly worn bearing structures. Heat saving characteristics profile high enough to use it for the construction of houses in regions with harsh climates
Brick - one of the most popular building materials. Houses made of it can hardly be called cheap. Walls have to make thick, plus they require additional insulation, which leads to an even greater increase in the cost structures. The weight of the finished house is large, so the foundation needed to really durable. It makes the entire depth of soil freezing.
Save it difficult. By cons of brick houses is attributed, and a long, laborious construction. However, the durability of structures, their fire safety and practicality in many ways are paying the cost.
If you look at the price of a good erectionbrick building on the sites of specialized companies, the impression is that the cost is low. However, even in the price of construction "turnkey" is not incorporated fine finish: installation of flooring, interior doors, plumbing fixtures, etc.
If all this is to do with their hands, then to the cost ofIt should be added only at the cost of purchasing materials. If you need to hire workers - something else and pay for their work. Brick profitable only if the site owner initially competently picked up the project and most of the work can be done independently.
On peculiarities of the brick building construction detail in the video:
Concrete block - a worthy competitortraditional brick. Construction boxes made of this material is substantially more advantageous than the construction of the brick walls. The wall thickness can be less than 1/3 without loss of thermal insulating properties. The material itself much easier to brick, which allows economies of the foundation. An additional "bonus" for the owner of the house - good sound insulation.
House of aerated concrete blocks "breathes", it does notdisrupted air circulation, as through the pores. However, for the same reason, the material is considered to be not the best in terms of waterproofing. If construction is carried out with violation of the technology ready design can also be purged. It is necessary to pay attention to the finishing materials.
Regarding the timing of construction, theaerated concrete house can be built in 2-3 times faster than the brick, it almost does not shrink. Special adhesives are used to connect the blocks. When this is undesirable to use an ordinary mortar, because he gives thick joints, which can cause the formation of "cold bridges".
One of the drawbacks of concrete blocks -relatively low resistance to frost, so you have to take care of high-quality finish. The materials can be used as stucco, siding, stone
For the developer timber is more profitable than a brick andaerated concrete blocks. If we compare the lumber and brick wall for heat-saving properties, it turns out that the structure of spruce in 220 mm thick and made of bricks 600 mm thick are equally warm. Usually it takes 200 mm timber construction, insulation using 100 mm thick and a layer of plaster of 20 mm.
Advantages of timber:
- rapid construction (building erected a few weeks);
- simple technology;
- environmental Safety;
- excellent thermal insulation;
- comfortable climate in the finished building;
- ease of construction.
If you choose, from which to build a house for lesswith their hands, the timber - a win-win. This is advantageous, as the technology is simple, and it can master almost any site owner, if he already has a building business skills.
During the construction of timber houses should be thoroughlydesign of heating systems and energy supply. Buildings are considered a fire hazard. Also afraid of water tree, therefore, requires protection from moisture and mildew
How and what the cheapest way to build your housearms, can be seen in estimates of numbers. If the calculation based on the average performance (depth of soil freezing - 1.5 m, ground water - 2.5 m, sandy loam soil), it is possible to determine the cost of construction of 1 square meter of the house. Depending on the material numbers are as follows:
- frame construction - 875 rubles;
- brick - 2330 rubles;
- aerated concrete - 2000 rubles;
- bar - 1900 rubles.
Additional information about the most popular building materials:
Obviously, the cost frame house buildermost cheaply. Finally, the right choice, you need to take into account all the features of the project, the ground, the site itself. The calculations do not include payment for the construction services team. Hired labor - it is an additional (! And considerable) expenditure item.